PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES AND FRUITS OF FLACOURTIA JANGOMAS (LOUR.) RAEUSCHAbstract
Plants have been used extensively as medicine for the treatment of various ailments for centuries. The present study was conducted to analyze physicochemical and phytochemical parameters of leaves and fruit of Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch Physicochemical profile showed the high total ash, water-soluble ash, and acid-soluble ash content in F. jangomas leaf when compared to the fruit. The water extractive value of F. jangomas leaves and fruit was more a better extractive compared to alcohol. Moisture content, swelling index, and foaming index of leaves were found to be 6.22%, 5.466 ml, and >100 units, whereas fruit was 8.973%, 3.433 ml, and <100 units, respectively. Phytochemical constituents of dried leaf and fruit were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative methods. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, phenols, quinones, lignin, resins, coumarins, carbohydrates and proteins. Quantitative analysis showed high flavonoid content (868.04 ± 3.185, 80.91 ± 0.796 mg QE/g) followed by tannin (253.10 ± 0.738, 23.96 ± 0.071 mg TAE/g) then phenol (144.35 ± 0.99, 13.226 ± 0.035 mg GAE/g) and alkaloids (4.98 ± 1.161, 7.130 ± 0.317 %) in both leaf and fruit of F. jangomas respectively. GC-MS analysis showed the presence of 19 phytoconstituents in leaf and 7 phytoconstituents in fruit extract. EDS-SEM analysis showed the presence of N, O, K and C, Ca in leaf and N, O, K, C in fruit. The results provide referential information of the plant, and various phytoconstituents suggest that this plant exhibit pharmaceutical significance.
A. Pai and K. C. Shenoy *
Department of Biosciences, Mangalore University, Mangalagangothri, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India.
17 March 2020
15 June 2020
28 June 2020
01 March 2021