PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF MOSS BRYUM CELLULARE AGAINST SOME PHYTOPATHOGENIC FUNGIAbstract
Bryophytes possess a pool of bioactive compounds with pharmacological activity. These plants have widely been used as medicinal plants since ancient times and are not infected by bacteria and fungi as they use chemical weapons in the form of secondary metabolites. In order to evaluate the antifungal activity of aqueous crude extract of Bryum cellulare (a moss) against the test fungi Curvularia lunata the causal organism of leaf spot of wheat and Drechslera maydis the causal organism of leaf blight of Zea mays was determined using pour plate method. The results revealed that the colony diameter and fresh weight of test organism under the effect of different concentrations was found to be maximum in lower concentrations and minimum in higher concentrations of Bryum cellulare. A phyotochemical screening of the extracts was also carried out to determine the antifungal substances. The results showed that the extract posses good antifungal activity but to varying degrees.
G. S. Deora * and N. Guhil
Department of Botany, New Campus, Jai NarainVyas University, Jodhpur-342005 India
20 June, 2014
26 August, 2014
29 October, 2014
01 February, 2015