PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIFUNGAL POTENTIAL OF DURANTA ERECTA AGAINST SOME PHYTOPATOGENIC FUNGIAbstract
The present study describes the antifungal activity of Durenta erecta L. against some phytopathogenic fungi: Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, A. fumigatus and Penicillium sp. For this purpose, methhanolic extract of leaf, stem and root were prepared and tested by “Disc Diffusion Method”. The methanol extract was subjected to preliminary phytochemical analysis. Alkaloids, saponins, and polyphenols (tannins and flavonoids) were detected as phytoconstituents of the methanol extract. As a result of antifungal activity it was found that the extract of leaf generally revealed antifungal activity against all Aspergillus spp. but activity was highest against A. fumigatus (20±0.67 mm). Stem extract showed less activity against all test fungi but no activity against A. flavus. Root extract did not show any antifungal activity except A. fumigatus with less activity (9±0.98).
P. Sharma*, S. Khandelwal, T. Singh and R. Vijayvergia
Plant Pathology and Biochemistry Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
24 April, 2012
14 May, 2012
27 July, 2012
01 August, 2012