PHYTOCHEMICAL AND GC-MS ANALYSIS OF OLEORESIN OF DIPTEROCARPUS GRACILIS BLUME: AS A BASIC CONSIDERATION FOR HUMAN REMEDYAbstract
Dipterocarpus gracilis Blume is one tropical species of Dipterocarps which is included in the red list IUCN as a rare and endangered tree species. In consideration of Dipterocarpus gracilis Blume conservation and sustainability of its oleoresin, this present study aimed to determine specific characteristics of oleoresin origin of Dipterocarpus gracilis Blume as an establishing basis for appropriate product diversification of human remedy. Here, is also evaluated the presence of different phytochemical along with GC-MS investigations of water and ethanol soluble crude extracts, and anti-oxidant obtained in oleoresin. The results showed that oleoresin of Dipterocarpus gracilis Blume revealed the presence of alkaloid and triterpenoid, whereas antioxidant activity test had low in 95% ethanol soluble. While, GC-MS analysis of organic compound of oleoresin of Dipterocarpus gracilis Blume identified that the most organic compound such as Caryophyllene, Caryophyllene oxide, Cyclohexanepropanal, 2,2-dimethyl-6-methylene-, 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22-, Tetracosahexaene, 2, 6, 10, 15, 19, 23-hexamethyl-, (all-E)-, 4-Pregnen-21-ol-3,20-dione glucoside, 1,4-Methanophthalazine, 1, 4, 4a, 7, 8, 8a-hexahydro-9,9-dimethyl-, (1α, 4α, 4a α, 8a α)-, and 9, 10-Secoergosta-7, 10(19), 22-triene-3, 5, 6-triol, (3β)- had an effective anti-arthritic agent, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti microbial, anti-bacterial as well as contain vitamin D which will affect health of human liver. Thus, the present study has proved the utilization of Diptero-carpus gracilis Blume for potential sources of active drugs for a human being.
A. Fernandes * and R. Maharani
Department of Wood Science and Forest Product Technology, Research and Development Center of Dipterocarp Forest Ecosystem, Forest and Environment Research, Development and Innovation Agency (FOERDIA), Ministry of Environment and Forestry of Indonesia, Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
14 August 2018
29 October 2018
30 October 2018
01 May 2019