PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROFILE OF BACOPA MONNIERI – AN ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTAbstract
In recent times, the use of herbal products has increased tremendously in the developing as well as in developed countries. Bacopa monnieri is one of the most important medicinal plant that has been consumed for thousands of year as a memory enhancing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, sedative and anti-epileptic agent. For many years, a lot of commercial and medicinal researches have been focusing their resources on this plant. The plant has been known to possess various activities such as, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-depressant, anti-epileptic, memory enhancer, anti-ulcer, hepatoprotective, analgesic, anti-diarrheal, anti-hypertensive, anti-toxicity etc. Therefore step should be taken for its sustainable use and conservation. This review describes the phytoconstituents, traditional uses, and pharmacological activities of Bacopa monnieri. In brief, the biotechnological applications such as tissue culture, elicitation, genetic transformation for the advancement of this plant and its active components production have also been described.