PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROFILE OF IXORA: A REVIEWAbstract
Medicinal herbs used in modern medicine are occupying a very significant place as raw materials for important drugs. India officially recognizes over 3000 plants for their medicinal value. It is generally estimated that over 6000 plants in India are used in traditional, folk and herbal medicine. Traditionally Ixora is found to be useful for many ailments like hepatic disorder, cancer, microbial infection, antioxidant, pain, inflammation, etc. and has been documented for various medicinal properties. The genus Ixora has been reported to possess different classes of compounds mainly triterpenoids (lupeol, urosilic acid, oleanolic acid betunolic acid, amyrins, etc.), aromatic acrid oils, tannins, saponins, carbohydrate, fatty acids, flavanoids (rutin, formononetin, β-sitosterol, quercetin and kaempferol) and sterols. Out of many species of Ixora much research was done on I. coccinea and some part of the work on I. chinensis, I. javanica, I. finlaysoniana, I. parviflora and I. macrothyrsa. The main aim is to provide a comprehensive review on the phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of various species of Ixora. In the present review, efforts are made in addressing its ethnomedicinal uses, chemical constituents and reported pharmacological activities.
Sunitha Dontha *, Hemalatha Kamurthy and Bhagavanraju Mantripragada
Malla Reddy College of Pharmacy, Maisammaguda, Dhullapally, Secunderabad, 500 014, Andhra Pradesh, India.
04 June, 2014
27 September, 2014
13 October, 2014
01 February, 2015