PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL OF SELECTED CHENOPODIUM SPECIESAbstract
Chenopodium album, Chenopodium murale, and Chenopodium giganteum are annual herb. Almost 250 different species of Chenopodium can be found all over the world. They are grown for many purposes, including some for their green leafy vegetables and others for the grains they provide. The phytochemicals, proteins, carbohydrates, tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids, steroids, terpenoids, and saponins have attracted a lot of interest because of their significant application to the preservation of human health. The present study deals with phytochemical screening and measuring antioxidant potential on the extract of root, stem, and leaf of selected Chenopodium species. The antioxidant potential was analyzed using the ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay activity. The antioxidant capacity of the root, stem and leaf extracts increased with increasing concentration; the values calculated µmol/ml FeSO4 equivalent (µmol/ml FeSO4/gdw) using a standard curve. Using recognized methodologies and procedures, the phytochemical analysis of the various extracts of Chenopodium album, Chenopodium murale, and Chenopodium giganteum was performed.