PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND GC-MS ANALYSIS OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM PINDA CONCANENSISAbstract
The plant Pinda concanensis belongs to family apiaceae. It was native to the Western Ghats of India, but it is now becoming rare as a result of widespread usage of the seeds for their therapeutic properties. It is an annual herb with tuberous roots, which are eaten raw by local folklore. Apiaceae is the well-known aromatic plant family having beneficial uses in home remedies, abundance of phytochemicals, used in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. The plant Pinda concanensis showed presence of phenolic, flavonoid, alkaloid, terpenoid and saponin content in each plant parts with different solvents of extraction. The methanolic extract of Pinda concanensis of different parts showed highest phytocompounds which are significant P<0.005.The total phenolic content was highest in dry methanolic stem while total flavonoid content in fresh stem. But total alkaloid, total terpenoid and total saponin was more in methanolic extract of dry root. This is the first report on GCMS analysis of whole plant extract of Pinda concanensis, in which twenty-two different compounds are found. The major bioactive compounds are reported are Methoxsalen (11.95%), Ficusin (6.69%), Isopsoralen (1.98%), Phellopterin (1.74%), Cyclohexane,1,2,3,5-tetraisopropyl (5%), Octanoic acid, hexyl ester (4.87%), Hexanoic acid, hexyl ester (2.33%). The chemo profiling of this plant, reveals that the plant parts are rich source of biologically active metabolites and can be considered to treat Psoriasis, Cancer and diabetic like measure diseases thus increasing residence time of drug with better patient compliance.