PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND GC-MS STUDIES OF SYZYGIUM DHANESHIANA LEAF AND BARK EXTRACTSAbstract
Syzygium dhaneshiana is a new plant species of Syzygium is described from the Southern Western Ghats, Kerala, India. The medicinal values of the plant is so far unexplored, hence the study forms a basis for the bioactive components present in the plant. The aim of this study is to screen the phytochemicals present in the leaf and bark of the plant and the analysis of bioactive components present in it. The leaves and bark were successively extracted using petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol and water based on the increasing order of polarity. The result reveals the presence of Carbohydrates, protein, amino acid, alkaloids and phenols in all the extracts. Saponin, fixed oils and fats were present in the leaf extracts. The GCMS analysis reports shows the presence of 17 Compounds in the leaf ethanolic and 19 in leaf chloroform extract of Syzygium dhaneshiana by comparing their retention time and their mass spectra. The bark ethanolic and chloroform comprises of 14 &16 Compounds respectively. Among the identified compounds major bioactive compounds are 2-Fluoroformyl-3,3,4,4-tetrafluoro-1,2-oxazetidine, 2,4, di tert-butylphenol, Cetene, E- 15. Heptadecenal, Neophytadiene, phytol and Nonacos-1-ene. The presence of bioactive compounds confirms that Syzygium dhaneshiana is a medicinal source and it may proceed to discover a novel drug.
C. Swathi Krishna *, Ratheesh Chandra and K. M. Khaleel
Research Centre in Botany, Sir Syed College, Taliparamba, Kerala, India
31 October, 2016
13 December, 2016
16 December, 2016
01 May, 2017