PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES AND QUANTIFICATION OF TOTAL PHENOLS, TANNINS AND FLAVONOIDS IN LESS KNOWN SEMI-ARID PLANTS OF BALLARI, KARNATAKAAbstract
Four plant species Senna italica, Prosopis juliflora, Cressa cretica and Schouwia purpurea were selected to estimate phytoconstituents and quantify total phenols, tannins, and flavonoids. The total content of phenols, tannins, and flavonoids with the gallic acid curve by the standard method was estimated. The leaf extract of Senna italica contained maximum, and Schouwia purpurea contained a minimum amount of phenol. The maximum amount of tannins was found in Schouwia purpurea, and the minimum amount of flavonoids was recorded in Senna italica. It is further suggested that there are a need for systematic phytochemical, pharmaceutical and pharmacological investigations of these plants since there are less reports available. Moreover, these plants are accessible in abundant in Ballari region and can prove to be the best source for bioprospection studies since they contain high contents of phenols, tannins, and flavonoids.
Kavitha Sagar *, P. N. Shivashankar and Sharanabasav Amarappa
Department of Botany, Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ballari, Karnataka, India.
05 August 2021
11 September 2021
19 September 2021
01 May 2022