PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF THEVETIA PERUVIANA: A REVIEWAbstract
In any nation’s public health care system, plants play an essential role in therapeutic treatment. The plant Thevetia peruviana is an evergreen ornamental dicotyledonous shrub belonging to the family Apocynaceae. Thevetia peruviana is widely distributed in Central and South America and Asian countries, especially in India and Srilanka. Alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, tannins, saponins, cardiac glycosides, and other secondary metabolites are found in Thevetia peruviana. All parts of these plants are toxic and contain a variety of cardiac glycosides, including neriifolin, thevetin A, thevetin B, and oleandrin. The leaves of the plant are used as a cardiotonic and diuretic and are also reported to possess medicinal value in traditional systems of medicine. Several studies reported pharmacological activity in various plant parts, including seeds, flowers, bark, fruits and leaves. The purpose of this review is to provide the complete data, including morphology, cultivation and propagation, distribution, phytochemistry, traditional uses & pharmacological activities.
Triksha Sharma, Jaswinder Kaur * and Gurinder Singh
G. H. G Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Gurusar Sadhar, Distt. Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
17 September 2021
25 October 2021
09 November 2021
01 June 2022