PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND GC-MS ANALYSIS OF METHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACT OF TEPHROSIA FALCIFORMIS RAMASWAMI FROM INDIAN THAR DESERTAbstract
Present study was conducted to identify and characterize the phytoconstituents of methanolic extract of leaves of Tephrosia falciformis (Pers.) Ramaswami of family Fabaceae. The methanolic extract of leaves was subjected to qualitative screening for primary and secondary metabolites as per standard methods; further GC-MS analysis was carried out for the identification of secondary metabolites. The preliminary analysis of leaf extract confirmed the presence of primary as well as secondary phytoconstituents such as phenolic compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenoids, phytosterols, etc. in methanolic extract. GC-MS analysis of extract revealed the presence of 53 phytochemicals. The presence of various compounds with different chemical groups like quinolene, piperdinone (alkaloids), Neophytadiene (sesqueterpenens), phytol (diterpene alcohol), sitosterol, stigmasterol (sterols) and many fatty acids including their derivatives in considerable amount gives the good prospect for the use of this plant in pharmaceutical preparations to cure health-related problems.