PREVALENCE AND CORRELATION OF VIRAL INFECTION (HEPATITIS B OR/AND HEPATITIS C) AMONG HYPERTENSIVE AND DIABETIC PATIENTS IN MALAYSIA AND INDONESIA WHO UNDERWENT HEMODIALYSISAbstract
Background: Increase prevalence of viral infection such as hepatitis B or/and hepatitis C are followed by high incidence of mortality among hemodialysis patients. Objective: To determine prevalence and correlation of viral infection (Hepatitis B or/and Hepatitis C) among Hemodialysis Patients that died for the last five years in Indonesia and Malaysia in relation to gender, age, causes, and country. Method: A retrospective study was done in this research. The study included only hepatitis patients (hepatitis B and / or hepatitis C) passed away from 2010 to 2015. Universal sampling was used to select 185 patients from Indonesia hospital and 14 patients in Malaysia hospital but only 108 patients in Indonesia and 5 patients in Malaysia were included in this research. Results: The result indicates that more than 50 % patients have hepatitis C (63 patients). Hepatitis C mostly occurred among male and hypertensive patients between 51-60 years old. There is a significant correlation (P value ≤ 0.05) between age and type of infection for all hemodialysis hepatitis patients. Also, there is a significant correlation between hepatitis B and hypertensive patients (P value 0.032), hepatitis B and diabetic hypertensive patients (P value 0.024), hepatitis C and hypertensive patients (P value 0.022) and hepatitis C and diabetic hypertensive patients (P value 0.043). Conclusions: The study concludes that, hepatitis C is more prevalence in Indonesia and correlation of viral infection (hepatitis B, hepatitis C and hepatitis B & C) with hypertensive and diabetic hypertensive is present in both Indonesia and Malaysia
D. L. Ramatillah *, S. A. Syed Sulaiman, A. Hayat Khan, D. DR Ong Loke Meng and Markum
Discipline of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia.
11 November, 2016
05 January, 2017
08 January, 2017
01 June, 2016