PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF METABOLIC SYNDROME IN ADULT TUNISIAN PATIENTSAbstract
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of diseases, including hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and hyperglycemia. We therefore aimed to estimate MetS prevalence and to determine risk factors for MetS. Methods: In the present study, we recruited 209 adult Tunisian MetS patients (57 males and 152 females, mean age 58.9±10.7 years) matched by gender and ethnic origin to 193 healthy individuals (31males and 162 females, mean age 50.3±10.6 years). All subjects underwent anthropometric and biochemical examinations. Results: Interestingly, the prevalence of MetS was 21.89% in males and 78.1% in females. Notable increase in the dyslipidemia (64.1%), hypertension (77%), and obesity (83.73%) in patients with MetS were seen. In addition, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, abnormal lipid profiles, increased free fatty acids, and lower serum adiponectin concentrations were all associated with MetS. Conclusion: We suggest that the MetS is highly prevalent among patients group than healthy subjects. Modification of lifestyle factors, even later in life, has considerable potential for primary prevention of the MetS.
J. Abir *, S. Sondes, E. Rania, K. Latifa, B. D. Mokhles, B. Nedia, B. Hadj Md Manel, K. Souhir, G. Hejer, F. Salima and M. Abdelhedi
Biochemistry Laboratory CHU Farhat HACHED, Sousse, Tunisia
30 August, 2016
17 October, 2016
19 October, 2016
01 March, 2017