PROPORTION OF THYROID DISEASES IN JHARKHANDAbstract
Thyroid disorders are an important public health issue in India and across worldwide. Earlier it has been reported that around 42 million people in India are suffering from thyroid disease. Although easy to detect and not very expensive to treat, this disease often remain undetected and untreated and thus affects other systems of the body. Studies from various research workers discuss the proportion of thyroid disorder among Indian states like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai, Goa etc. but it has been found that till now no such study have been reported in Jharkhand, which is iodine deficient area and this confers to greater chance of thyroid disease among the state. In view of above a retrospective study has been made and it has been found that thyroid disorder is more prevalent in females compared to males. The proportion of overt hypothyroidism is 6.0%, 13.7% of subclinical hypothyroidism, 3.4% of overt hyperthyroidism, 2.9% of subclinical hyperthyroidism, and 74% of Euthyroidism in total population. Negative association among free T3 and TSH and free T4 and TSH has been also found. The study is the first effort from Jharkhand towards the proportion of thyroid disorder. Being iodine deficient area as well, proper awareness is required for the control of disease so that its prevention and associated diseases can be minimized.
Anupa Prasad, Tannu Kumari *, Kaushal Kishore Sinha and Meetu Laxmi Giri Bharti
Biomedical Informatics Centre (ICMR), Department of Biochemistry, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
16 April, 2016
26 May, 2016
13 June, 2016
01 September 2016