PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF USING POWER-ENHANCING DRUGS ON GYM-EXERCISING INDIVIDUALSAbstract
Exercising in a gym, largely aimed at getting a better-shaped body, is a long and tiring process. So many people opt for power enhancing drugs, boosting their athletic performance. These include steroids, erythropoietin, creatine, protein and zinc supplements among others. Together with increasing the muscle bulk, they exert highly undesirable effects on normal physiology. The subjects were asked to fill in a detailed proforma, which aimed at evaluating the effects of PEDs and exercise on aggression, frustration, irritation, anger, mood changes, behavioral changes etc. The results were compared against a control group that comprised of individuals who were working out without using PED. The results suggested that through an unknown mechanism PED usage has affected various psychological parameters of the users.
Faizan Mirza*and Sadaf Ahmed
Department of Physiology, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
09 December, 2012
21 January, 2013
18 March, 2013
01 April, 2013