QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF CERTAIN ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTS IN BHADRAVATHI TALUK OF SHIVAMOGGA DISTRICT, KARNATAKAAbstract
Medicinal plants are an abundant source of bioactive compounds, which have been used for thousands of years against different diseases because plants have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal activities. All of the medicinal plants that may be found on earth today have specific therapeutic use and importance. Our research work is based on the qualitative phytochemical studies of extract obtained from leaves of Tinospora cardifolia, Punica granatum, Moringa oleifera, Momordica charantia, Annona squamosa, Eugenia jambolana, and Carica papaya were collected from Bhadravathi taluk of Shivamogga district. These leaf extracts were prepared using various solvents like methanol, acetone, chloroform, and aqueous. Phytochemical screening of these medicinal plants showed the maximum amount of alkaloid, flavonoid, phenol, terpenoid, and tannin in all the extracts. However, methanolic extracts showed good results when compared to other solvent systems. The phytochemical screening of these medicinal plants is commercially very significant and is very important for producing new medication for the treatment of different diseases.
S. P. Kavya * and N. Mallikarjun
Department of Studies and Research in Microbiology, Sahyadri Science College, Kuvempu University, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India.
27 July 2022
29 August 2022
21 September 2022
01 March 2023