SOME BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS USED IN MEDICAL PRACTICES- A REVIEWAbstract
Biomaterials can be thought as the key ingredients in several implants such as those used for joints, sutures, bone plates, and medical devices such as blood tubes, artificial heart, pacemakers, etc. They function by replacing, restoring the injured or destroyed tissues or organs, and thereby help in providing better essence of life of the patients. A biomaterial which is used in making implants should contain some important desirable properties for long term usage in the body without being itself rejected. They are grouped in four different classes as Metals, Polymers, Ceramics, and Composites which can be used singly or in combination with each other to form most of the commercially available medical devices and implants. In this review we have summarized the importance of biocompatibility and the application of biocompatible materials in various fields of sciences and healthcare technologies.
Ekta Pandey, Keerti Srivastava, Saurabh Gupta, Suravi Srivastava and Nidhi Mishra *
Department of Applied Science, Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITA), Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
10 February, 2016
19 April, 2016
04 May, 2016
01 July 2016