STUDY OF CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF VOLATILE OIL FROM CLOVE BUDS (EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLUS)Abstract
The aim of this study was to analyze the chemical composition of dried clove buds volatile oil in Bangladesh by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) technique and also show their medicinal properties according to the characteristics of the constituents present in that essential oil. In this experiment the clove buds essential oil was extracted by hydro distillation method. The major constituents obtained from the oil includes 3-Allyl-6-methoxyphenol i.e. m-Eugenol (69.44%), Eugenol acetate (10.79%), 4-hydroxy-4-mehtylpentan-2-one i.e. Tyranton (7.78%) Caryophyllene (6.80%), 1,4,7-Cycloundecatriene, 1,5,9,9-tetramethyl-,Z,Z,Z-and trace amounts (<1%) of other constituents. Eugenol is present in concentration of 69.43% which is the major volatile constituent of clove bud essential oil. It has wide range of medicinal value such as antiseptic and anaesthetic analgesic, antioxidant, anti-inflamatory and antimicrobial activities. Clove oil is used in dental care and it can relieve toothache temporarily. So, from these chemical constituents it is clear that clove buds essential oil of Bangladesh has medicinal properties because of the medicinal characteristics of these constituents.
Md. Azir Uddin, Md. Shahinuzzaman * , Md. Sohel Rana and Zahira Yaakob
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
10 August, 2016
19 October, 2016
03 November, 2016
01 February, 2017