STUDY ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES (IBD): IMPACT OF SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORSAbstract
Introduction: an Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by inflammation of the bowel, the large or small intestine. The common types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are ulcerative colitis UC and Cohn’s disease CD. Among the Asian countries, India is subjected to have one of the highest disease burdens of IBD across the globe. The number of IBD cases exceeds 12 lakhs annually, and an estimated 50 lakhs people are affected with IBD around the world stated by Indian statistics. Objective: To assess the quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and to associate with the sociodemographic characteristics of the patients. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective observational study carried out with 74 patients, and follow-up was conducted for 6 months at the outpatient clinic of Gastroenterology. A specially designed data collection form was utilized to collect patient’s demographic details and validated questionnaires to measure the quality of life. Results: Among 74 patients evaluated, there were an equal number of males 50% and females 50% with 36 UC and 38 CD patients. Statistical analysis of SPSS 16 used for comparison on quality of life before and after intervention in baseline and post-visit, the component showed the significant difference in systemic, social, and bowel domain with p<0.05 but no significance was observed in the emotional domain. Conclusion: There was no statistical significance in the QoL of patients with IBD when compared with sociodemographic variables.
G. S. Prabha *, N. Srinivasan, S. Aravindh and K. T. M. Kumar
Department of Pharmacy Practice, KMCH College of Pharmacy [Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. M. G. R. Medical University] Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
13 July 2019
02 November 2019
29 February 2020
01 June 2020