SYNTHESIS AND BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF SOME NEW CHALCONES USING ANHYDROUS POTASSIUM CARBONATE AS AN EFFICIENT BASIC CATALYST BY CONVENTIONAL AND MICROWAVE ASSISTED TECHNIQUESAbstract
A series of novel 3-(substituted aryl)-1-(5-methylfuran-2-yl)prop-2-en-1-one derivatives (3a-k) were synthesized from commercially available 2-acetyl-5-methylfuran and various substituted aromatic aldehydes in presence of anhydrous potassium carbonate in ethanol solution and by microwave irradiation method with good yield compared to conventional method. Anhydrous potassium carbonate has been utilized as safe, inexpensive and efficient basic catalyst for synthesis of chalcones. The structures of the all synthesized compounds have been established on the basis of IR, Mass, 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The antimicrobial activities of these derivatives were evaluated by quantifying the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) against various microbial strains such as Escherichia coli [ATCC-9637], Staphylococcus aureus [ATCC-25923], Klebsiella pneumonia [ATCC-13883], Candida albicans [ATCC-28366], Rhizopus arrhizus [ATCC-11145] and Aspegillus niger [ATCC-26036]. Among the tested compounds, compound 3h exhibited strong microbial activity against most of the microbial strains except A. niger.
S. Kulathooran and M. Dhamodaran *
Department of Chemistry, Perunthalaivar Kamarajar (Govt.) Institute of Engineering and Technology, Karaikal, Karaikal India
04 December, 2014
05 February, 2015
21 May, 2015
01 July, 2015