THE EFFECT OF PSYCHIATRIC EDUCATION ON THE ATTITUDE OF MEDICAL STUDENTS OF GUILAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES TOWARD PSYCHIATRYAbstract
Introduction: While many medical students have a special talent in psychiatry, attracting them to this specialty is a problem. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of psychiatric education on the attitude of medical students on psychiatric patients. Method: In this observational study, 200 medical externs and interns were recruited. Before and after attending the 4-week psychiatry education course, the subjects were asked to express their attitude, knowledge, and experiences concerning psychiatry by completing the attitudes toward psychiatry (ATP-30) and the 6-item psychiatric experience, attitudes, and knowledge (PEAK-6) scales. Twenty-six subjects didn’t meet inclusion criteria or answered incompletely to the questionnaires Data were analyzed by t-test and paired t-test. All statistical assays were performed with SPSS19. Results: The average age of participants was 24.86 ± 1.85 years. Of the 174 students who were finally evaluated, 84 were externs (25 male, 59 female) and 90 were interns (35 male, 55 female). A significant statistical difference was found between the mean scores of PEAK-6 among the students before and after psychiatric education (P< 0.001). However, we couldn’t reveal a significant difference between ATP-30 scores before and after education (P = 0.25). Conclusion: We showed a significant difference between the mean scores of PEAK-6 not ATP-30 in the medical students before and after psychiatry course. It may be due to better sensitivity of the PEAK-6 in the detection of changes in attitudes toward psychiatry. We recommended larger studies to discover predicting factors lead to an improvement in attitudes toward psychiatry.
J. M. Mohammad, S. Robabeh * and A. Y. Mahdi
Department of Psychiatry, Kavosh Behavioral Cognitive and Addiction Research Center, Shafa Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
12 June 2018
01 August 2018
07 August 2018
01 February, 2019