THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND NUTRIENT INTAKE WITH ANEMIA INCIDENCE IN ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN KUPANG INDONESIAAbstract
The study aimed to determine the relationship between nutritional status and nutrient intake and the incidence of anemia in adolescent girls in Kupang. It was an observational research with a cross-sectional design. The study was conducted at Kupang State Agricultural Polytechnic (KSAP) from December 2017 to January 2018. The research subjects were adolescent girls aged 16-19 years; withdrawal method was purposive sampling with a total of 57 subjects. The nutritional status was determined based on the BMI values, while the nutrient intake was calculated using a questionnaire. Hemoglobin levels were measured using a spectrophotometer. Data were descriptively analyzed. Pearson correlation test and Spearman’s Rho were to determine the relationship between parameters. The results showed 12.28% of subjects with poor nutritional status were anemic, 66.66% of normal nutritional status subjects had anemia and 10.53% of overweight subjects suffered from anemia. As many as 66.7% of the subjects had severe energy intake deficits, 43.9% subject had severe carbohydrate intake deficits, 50.9% of the subjects had severe protein intake deficits, and 70.2% of the subject had severe fat intake deficits. The correlation value of iron intake and Hb levels was 0.360, meaning that the higher iron intake, the higher the Hb level. The nutritional status of young women in KSAP was significantly related to nutrient intake. The higher the intake of energy, protein, and fat, the higher the BMI value of the subject. The nutrient that is significantly related to the incidence of anemia is iron.
L. S. Gasong *, E. Damayanthi, S. A. Marliyati and D. Martianto
Kupang State Agricultural Polytechnic, Jl Adisucipto, Penfui, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia.
12 December 2018
04 April 2019
19 April 2019
01 September 2019