ASSESSMENT OF ANTIOXIDANT, CYTOTOXIC AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF DIFFERENT FRACTIONS OF CRUDE EXTRACT OF STEPHANIA JAPONICA STEM
The different fractions of crude methanolic extract of stem of Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers was evaluated for antioxidant, cytotoxic and antibacterial activities. The various fractions of S. japonica Stem i.e. Ethyl Acetate (EAJS), CHCl3 (CFJS), CCl4 (CTJS) and Petroleum ether (PEJS) were subjected to free radical scavenging activity. In this investigation, CFJS showed the most significant fr...
IMPACT OF NASAL CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE ON C-REACTIVE PROTEIN IN OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA PATIENTS
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been increasingly linked with cardiovascular risk factors. Mechanisms such as increased sympathetic activity and endothelial dysfunction have been implicated. There are many factors which are responsible for the cardiovascular morbidity in OSA patients they are Obesity, C-reactive protein (CRP) and lipid profile. To study the impact of nasal continuous positive ai...
Tuberculosis (TB) is an ancient disease that has caused inestimable suffering and claimed millions of lives over the centuries. Resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have slowly emerged especially in developing countries due to the lack of health care organisation in order to provide the long and costly treatment adapted to patients. In fact, 90% of all TB cases occur in the developing w...
Microsponge is recent novel technique for control release as well as target specific drug delivery system. Therefore many researchers are attracted towards the microsponge drug delivery system. Microsponge technology has been introduced in topical drug products to increase the controlled release of active drug into the skin in order to reduce entry of drug in blood and maintain drug on skin surfac...
CLINICOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF 115 CASES OF GLIOBLASTOMA MULTIFORME WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GLIOSARCOMA
Background: Glioblastoma Multiforme is the commonest of all astrocytomas. It accounts for 12-15% of all intracranial neoplasm and 50-60% of all astrocytic tumors. Most common site of occurrence is cerebrum and age incidence is highest in fifth and sixth decade. Gliosarcoma constitutes 2% of all brain tumors, 5% of all astrocytomas and 8% of anaplastic astrocytomas. The cell of origin of sarcomatou...
Biofilm formation is prevailing in almost all bacteria. They are responsible to cause infections like Peritonitis, Cystic fibrosis, Endocarditis, Otitis media, UTIs. The infections caused by the biofilms forming bacteria that colonize the indwelling medical devices are a major source of patient morbidity and implant failure. The study on biofilm formation on indwelling medical devices is importa...
SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE COMPOUND E-2-((2-AMINO PYRIDINE-3-YL) METHYLENE AMINO) ETHANE THIOL AND ITS METAL COMPLEXES
A new physiologically active compound E-2-((2-amino pyridine-3-yl) methylene amino)ethane thiol derived from the condensation of Cysteamine and 2-amino Pyridine 3-Carbaldehyde was synthesized and characterized by spectral techniques like IR, UV-Vis,1H- NMR, TG-DTA, ESR, CHN analyses. The complexes were further screened for their biological activity at Nishka labs and Nickel and Cobalt complexes we...
STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF MELATONIN ON RETENTION OF CONDITIONED AVOIDANCE RESPONSE AND ON ENHANCEMENT OF SEROTONIN MEDIATED BEHAVIOURAL RESPONSES AFTER ELECTROCONVULSIVE SHOCK (ECS) ADMINISTRATION IN RATS
Objectives: To obtain the data regarding the effects of melatonin on retention of conditioned avoidance response (CAR) and on enhancement of serotonin mediated behavioural responses after electroconvulsive shock (ECS) administration in rats. Methods: Forty rats after training for conditioned avoidance response by using Cook’s pole climbing apparatus were divided in four groups with ten rats in e...
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF FLOATING MATRIX TABLETS OF METFORMIN HCl FOR THE TREATMENT OF TYPE-2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Floating matrix tablets of Metformin hydrochloride were developed and evaluated to increase bioavailability by increasing gastric residence time and sustained release of drug in the upper part of gastrointestinal tract thereby diminishing side effects and enhanced patient compliance. The tablets were formulated by using central composite design having two independent variables at three levels. Ind...
EFFECT OF GLY 16 ARG SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM ON AGONIST BINDING TO BETA 2 ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR – A STRUCTURAL PHARMACOGENOMIC APPROACH
Asthma is obAdd Newstructive disease characterized by bronchoconstriction and inflammation for which beta 2 (β2) agonists that act through the β2 adrenoceptor are the first line agents of choice. Glycine16Arginine (Gly16Arg) is a common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of β2 adrenoceptor whose effects on treatment response remain inconclusive. Hence the study aims to understand and determin...