Vitex negundo is an Indian medicinal plant used to cure several diseases such as asthama, fever, headache, cancer and many other diseases. This study aims to determine the antioxidant potential and anti-proliferative activity of Vitex negundo methanolic leaf extract. Isolation of bioactive compounds involved liquid-liquid extraction of methanolic leaf extract by petroleum ether and chloroform. The...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a common progressive disease among men, with an incidence that is high among elderly. Velvanga parpam (VP) has been employed as traditional remedy for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) which is a herbo mineral formulation. As a mandate, steps were taken to evaluate safety profile of VP in rats and mice following OECD guidelines. Acute toxicity studies, diff...
Rheumatoid arthritis is an immune mediated inflammatory disease (IMID). Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when our immune system attacks the tissues near joints, this is due to release of certain chemicals and enzymes that begin to eat away the cartilage and bones. Rheumatoid arthritis affects all the joints in the body, some forms of arthritis can also affect the body’s internal organs. The symptoms...
The in vitro antioxidant activity of n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and alcoholic fraction of the total ethanolic extract of the leaves of Garcinia brasiliensis have been tested using various antioxidant model systems viz., ferric reducing power assay and hydrogen peroxide scavenging assay. Ethyl acetate fraction is found to possess higher ferric reducing power and superoxide radical scavengi...
PREDICTION OF LD50 OF SOME COMMON PESTICIDES THROUGH QSAR (AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD TO SAVE EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS)
The most common test of acute toxicity is the LD50 test. LD50 means, the lethal dose of a substance that will kills 50% of animals. But this requires large number of animals. To reduce the sacrifice of animals. In present study we are using QSAR based software T.E.S.T. (toxicity estimation search tool 4.1 version) for predicting oral LD50. For prediction of oral LD50 we have taken 100 insecticides...
Nasal drug delivery has been recognized as a promising route for delivery of therapeutic compounds including biopharmaceuticals. It has been demonstrated that absorption of drugs can enhanced by using absorption enhancers or increasing the drug residence time in the nasal cavity. Mucoadhesive polymers can serve both functions. The residence time in the nasal cavity is considerably increased for mi...
The aim of this research was to formulate a matrix-type transdermal therapeutic system containing drug ciprofloxacin with different ratios of hydrophobic (ethyl cellulose) polymer by solvent evaporation technique, using 15% w/w of dibutyl phthalate to the polymer weight, incorporated as plasticizer. Different concentrations of isopropyl myristate were used to enhance the transdermal permeation of ...
FORMULATION DEVELOPMENT AND IN-VITRO EVALUATION OF BUCOADHESIVE TABLET OF CHLORPHENIRAMINE MALEATE AND PHENYLEPHRINE HYDROCHLORIDE IN COMBINED DOSAGE FORM
Delivery of the desired drug as bioadhesive drug delivery systems has been subject of interest since 1980s. The various advantages associated with these systems made the buccal drug delivery as a novel route of drug administration. Buccal region offers an attractive route for the administration of systemic drug delivery. The objective of the study was to develop bucoadhesive buccal tablets of Chlo...
EFFICACY OF MASSOIA OIL IN COMBINATION WITH SOME INDONESIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS OILS AS ANTI-BIOFILM AGENT TOWARDS CANDIDA ALBICANS
Microbial resistance to antibiotics is often caused by biofilm formation of the microbial pathogen. One strategy used to combat this recalcitrance mechanism is by using the combination of antimicrobial drugs. Essential oils have evoked interest as sources of natural products and represent an alternative approach in combating microbial pathogen. The aim of the present work was to investigate the po...