The present work involves the extraction of phytochemicals from the bark of the medicinal plant Hopea ponga, with various solvents and evaluation of their antimicrobial, anthelmintic and antioxidant activities by following standard methods. The antioxidant capacity of the plant extracts was measured by their ability to scavenge free radicals such as (a) DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl), (b) AB...
Every drug has two facets and the sinister side is becoming more apparent every day, sometimes resulting in product recalls by regulatory agencies due to serious adverse effects. Monitoring of unwanted side effects of allopathic drugs administered alone, and in combination with other drugs or dietary products causing drug-drug and drug-herbal/food interactions were lacking earlier, but information...
DEVELOPMENT AND INVESTIGATION OF EUDRAGIT S-100 ENCAPSULATED CHITOSAN COATED LIPOSOMES OF PREDNISOLONE FOR COLON TARGETING
The objective of the study was to formulate coated liposomes containing Prednisolone for colon targeting and localization of the therapy to the inflamed colon mucosa. Liposomes were prepared using thin film hydration method. Liposomal formulations were optimized using 32 factorial design using varying concentrations of SPC and cholesterol as independent variables and % EE as the dependent variable...
RESPONSES OR EFFECT OF CEREBRAL MALARIA ON PLATELET COUNT, PLATELET FACTOR – 3 AND PLATELET AGGREGATE AVAILABILITY IN CHILDREN
Background and Objective: Malaria, a formidable global parasitic infection represent a major health problem in tropical countries in terms of geographical spread, high morbidity, severe mortality especially among children. This study investigated platelet function’s role and its strength to make platelet factor 3 (PF-3) available for coagulation in children with cerebral malaria. Subjects and...
Lycopersicon esculentum leaves had traditionally been used to stimulate hair growth in Lampung Pesisir tribes, Tanggamus Regency, Lampung, Indonesia. This study aimed to examine the active compounds from the n-hexane L. esculentum leaves. The study based on our previous research showing that the n-hexane had hair growth stimulating effects. The study started with sample collection, extracted by ma...
Adenocalymma alliaceum is an important medicinal plant belongs to the family Bignoniaceae. The antibacterial and phytochemical studies on the leaves of this plant were carried out by using the disc diffusion method and Thin Layer Chromatography. The methanolic leaf extract showed a brown colored band on TLC plate with an Rf value 0.25 represents the presence of sulfide compound. The extract was te...
EVALUATION OF OCULOHYPOTENSIVE EFFECT OF ENALAPRILAT USING INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE (IOP) RECOVERY MODEL IN RABBITS
The present study was designed to evaluate the oculohypotensive effect of enalaprilat in comparison to timolol using an intraocular pressure (IOP) recovery model. The study was carried out in 18 adult albino rabbits of 2.5-3.0 kg which were divided into 3 groups.Group Ireceivednormal saline,group II received enalaprilat (0.1%) and timolol (0.5%) was administered in group III. IOP recovery model wa...
FORMULATION, EVALUATION AND ESTIMATION OF PROPRANOLOL HYDROCHLORIDE AND FLUNARIZINE DIHYDROCHLORIDE CONVENTIONAL TABLETS IN COMBINED DOSAGE FORM AND ITS COMPARISON WITH MARKETED FORMULATIONS
Oral route of drug administration have wide acceptance up to 50-60% of total dosage forms. Solid dosage forms are popular because of ease of administration, accurate dosage, self-medication, pain avoidance and most importantly the patient compliance. This study was aimed at development of Propranolol hydrochloride and flunarizine dihydrochloride conventional dissolving tablets in combined dosage f...
THE UNDERSTANDING AND ADHERENCE OF HIV-INFECTED PREGNANT WOMEN TO THERAPY IN A SOUTH-EASTERN STATE OF NIGERIA: A CROSS-SECTIONAL ASSESSMENT
Introduction: Appropriate understanding and adherence to antiretroviral regimens are important requisites to the presentation of good outcomes in the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV/AIDS. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the understanding and level of adherence to antiretroviral regimens among HIV-infected pregnant women. The factors that affect the level were als...
EVALUATION OF IN-VITRO ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF MONOCHORIA VAGINALIS LEAVES ON Hep2 AND HeLa CELL LINES
The entire plant (Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f.) C. Presl.) except root is being used as a vegetable and has been used in traditional Indian system of medication for treating various diseases. But there are not many scientific data on the antioxidant and anticancer activity of M. vaginalis. Therefore, we aimed to determine the in-vitro antioxidant and anticancer activity of methanolic extract of ...