DIETARY HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA INDUCES OXIDATIVE STRESS CHALLENGING SPERMATOGENESIS IN RAT MODEL: A LINK TO POSSIBLE INFERTILITY
Background: Hypercholesterolemia is rapidly becoming a worldwide epidemic that affects children and adults. Some attempt had made to generalize a relationship between hypercholesterolemia and infertility, but until now it remains scanty. Thus, the aim of the present study was initiated. Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups of six each (n=6). The first group was control and secon...
Drug interaction generally refers to a modification of the expected drug response in the patient as a result of exposure of the patient to another drug or substance. Some unintentional drug interactions produce adverse reactions in the patient, whereas some drug interactions may be intentional, to provide an improved therapeutic response or to decrease adverse drug effects. They are divided into t...
Natural medicines and nutraceuticals are good sources of anti-oxidant and are gaining popularity for their capacity to enhance, health-protective effects. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-oxidant activity of some natural medicine from the Himalayan region of Nepal. Carefully collected plant materials were subjected to maceration with methanol for about 48 hours. Anti-ox...
Highly substituted thiophene derivatives first synthesized by Gewald synthesis in 1965, are important heterocyclic compounds present in numerous biologically active compounds. The synthesis of title compounds was carried out by preparing derivatives of Gewald product. In the present study, a series of 2-aminothiophene derivatives were first prepared by Gewald reaction and further converted into 2-...
Salbutamol is a potent anti-asthmatic agent, is a short-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonist act. In the present study, an attempt has been made to prepare fast dissolving tablets of Salbutamol in the oral cavity with enhanced dissolution rate and to achieve better patient compliance. The tablets were prepared with four superdisintegrants e.g., Sodium starch glycolate, Cross-povidone, Cross-carm...
EFFECT OF CADMIUM EXPOSURE ON CHOLINERGIC SYSTEM AND ENERGY METABOLISM OF RAT BRAIN: REVERSAL EFFECT OF α-TOCOPHEROL
Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal in the environment. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential effect of Cd on cholinergic and bioenergetic systems in three brain regions: cerebral cortex, cerebellum and hippocampus. The young albino rats (3 months) were exposed to low dose of Cd (1.5 mg/kg body weight) and high dose of Cd (3 mg/kg body weight) through intraperitoneal injection dai...
STUDY OF ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY TEST OF MODERN GENERATION OF DRUGS AGAINST UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT PATHOGENS
Nasal infection or sinusitis is an inflammation of nasal passages caused by both viral and bacteriological pathogens. Antimicrobial resistance has universally recognized as growing problem concern about suitable therapy for nasal infection. The study was aimed at determining the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility against nasal infecting microorganisms. 50 clinical samples were taken from ...
NEUROPROTECTIVE PROPERITY OF CENTELLA ASIATICA AGAINST PENTYLENE- TETRAZOLE INDUCED EPILEPSY IN RAT BRAIN WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO LIPID METABOLISM
This study evaluated the anticonvulsant effect of different extracts of Centella asiatica (CA) with particular reference to lipid metabolism in different regions of rat brain. The rats were randomly divided into 4 groups having 6 in each group: i.e. Control group received saline, PTZ-induced epileptic group (60mg/kg b.w op/ 1 day), epileptic group pretreated with chloroform extract (CE),...
Lycopene, a non-provitamin a carotenoid, found in tomatoes, processed tomato products and other fruits, due to which red to pink coloration is observed. Among all the dietary carotenoids, lycopene is one of the most potent naturally and abundantly occurring antioxidant. Lycopene has unique structural features and chemical features which contribute to specific biological properties and pharmacologi...
Coconut oil is said to be healthiest oil on the earth because it is used not only diabetes but it is also used to reduce weight, risk of atherosclerosis, risk of cancer, prevents bacterial, viral and fungal infections, improves digestion and nutrient absorption etc. Diabetes is all about sugar, the sugar in our bodies known as blood sugar or blood glucose. There is one fat that diabetics can consu...