OPTIMIZATION OF ULTRASOUND-ASSISTED EXTRACTION OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS FROM AMMI VISNAGA USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY
In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) conditions for obtaining the maximum yield and content of phenolic compounds of Ammi visnaga extracts (EAV). Three independent variables including ethanol concentration (%), extraction time (time) and solvent-to-material ration (mL/g) were studied. The results showed that the optimal UAE con...
Objective: Antimicrobials have become one of the most misused therapeutic agents resulting in resistance. Present study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial drug utilization pattern. Method: A retrospective, observational record based study was done in hospitalized patients from medicine and surgery department of tertiary care hospital of central India over a period of one year. Result: A...
IN- VITRO ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES, ACUTE AND SUBACUTE TOXICITY STUDIES OF TEPHROSIA CALOPHYLLA ON ALBINO WISTAR RATS
The evaluation of acute oral toxicity of chloroform extract of Tephrosia calophylla (CETC) and methanolic extract of Tephrosia calophylla (METC) and sub-acute toxicity of CETC was done on albino Wistar rats. The animals (female) were divided into four groups containing 3 animals in each group normal control, and 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg of freshly prepared extracts respectively, every 24 h orally fo...
The analgesic activity was assessed using hot plate method, formalin induced paw licking test, acetic acid induced writhing test. Preliminary investigations were carried out with water, DMSO and chloroform for solubility. For analgesic activity 1, 2, 3- triazine-4-ones series of compounds CP1, CP2, CP3 showed significant increase in jumping time of mice in hot plate method at only higher dose leve...
DUAL ROLE OF ARJUNOLIC ACID AND B12 IN MITIGATING SODIUM ARSENITE INDUCED MALFUNCTION OF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS
The present study was proposed to delineate the curative role of arjunolic acid and vitamin B12 alone or in combination against arsenic induced oxidative stress and female reproductive dysfunction. The Wistar strain adult female rats were treated with sodium arsenite at the dose of 1.0 mg/100 gm body weight orally for first eight days. Next eight days rats were treated with arjunolic acid (1.0 mg/...
ANNONA SQUAMOSA LINN. (CUSTARD APPLE): AN AROMATIC MEDICINAL PLANT FRUIT WITH IMMENSE NUTRACEUTICAL AND THERAPEUTIC POTENTIALS
Alterative medication and natural remedies have been used from ancient time for the treatment and wellbeing of human. Medicinal plants are considered to be effective and for most important for the human health. Some of the natural medicinal plants are so common that we use them in daily life without knowing their medicinal importance. Annona squamosa belonging to the family Annonaceae is the best ...
L-arginase (EC 18.104.22.168) is a therapeutic enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of L-arginine to L-ornithine and urea. L-arginase is of keen interest due to its significance as an anti-cancer mediator against auxotrophic cancers. This enzyme is widely distributed and expressed in organisms like fungi, plants, non-chordates, and chordates, however very scarce report is available for L-arginase from ...
PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION AND SCREENING FOR INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF TECTONA GRANDIS LINN. BARK
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a multifactorial process that causes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease due to unknown mechanisms associated with release of proinflammatory mediators. Aim of the present study is to evaluate inhibitory activity by bark extract Tectona grandis Linn. (TGE) against experimental induced IBD. Two different models were used to induce IBD viz., Indomethacin-indu...
SYNTHESIS AND ANTIBACTERIAL SCREENING OF SCHIFF BASES DERIVED FROM 3-(5-BROMOTHIOPHEN-2-YL)-1-(4-CHLOROPHENYL)-1H-PYRAZOLE-4-CARBALDEHYDE
A series of new Schiff bases were synthesized by condensation of 3-(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-4-carbaldehyde with different aromatic aldehydes. The 3-(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-4-carbaldehyde was prepared from 1-(1-(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)ethylidene)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)hydrazine by the Vilsmeier Haack reaction. The 1-(1-(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)ethyl...
Neurodegenerative disease is the condition of brain cells that lose of its ability to generate the neurotransmitters and this leads to the accumulation of proteins in the brain. These condition causes memory loss and problems in the cognitive functions. Neurological diseases are characterized by four major types such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington disease, Amyotrophic ...