A transdermal patch is a medicated adhesive patch that is placed on the skin to deliver a specific dose of medication through the skin and into the bloodstream. Often, this promotes healing to an injured area of the body. An advantage of a transdermal drug delivery route over other types of medication delivery such as oral, topical, intravenous, intramuscular, etc. is that the patch provides a con...
The convenience of administration and improved patient compliance are important in the design of oral drug delivery system which remains the preferred route of drug delivery inspite of various disadvantages. One such problem can be solved in the novel drug delivery system by formulating “mouth dissolving tablets” (MDTs) which disintegrates or dissolves rapidly without water with in few seconds...
Oral mucosal drug delivery system is widely applicable as novel site for administration of drug for immediate and controlled release action by preventing first pass metabolism and enzymatic degradation due to GI microbial flora. Oral mucosal drug delivery system provides local and systemic action. In this review, attention is focused to give regarding physiology of oral mucosal including tissue pe...
Nanotechnology is science of matter and material that deal with particle size in nanometers. Nanotechnology has received a lot of attention with never-seen-before enthusiasm because of its future potential. It has provided fine lined diagnosis and focus treatment of disease at molecular level. This technology offers the advantage of protecting drugs from degradation; reduce the number of doses req...
HYPOLIPIDEMIC AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT FRACTIONS OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF IMMATURE LEAVES OF MANGIFERA INDICA (LINN.) IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
The study was undertaken to investigate the hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective effects of the different fractions (Petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and chloroform) of ethanolic extract of immature leaves of Mangifera indica. The different fractions of extract were administered intraperitonially as a single dose of 150 mg/kg body weight to alloxan induced diabetic rats and found to reduce blood lipid...
ANTIOXIDANT, ORGAN PROTECTIVE AND AMELIORATIVE PROPERTIES OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF ANOGEISSUS LEIOCARPUS STEM BARK AGAINST CARBON TETRACHLORIDE- INDUCED LIVER INJURY
The methanol extract of the stem bark of Anogeissus leiocarpus was evaluated in vivo at 2.5mg/kg for antioxidant, hepatoprotective and ameliorative effect on hepatocellular injury following pre-treatment or post-treatment with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Levels of the lipid peroxidation product, malondialdehyde (MDA) or thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) were taken as a measure of oxidati...
FACILE AND ECO-FRIENDLY METHOD FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF ZINC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES USING AZADIRACHTA AND EMBLICA
The evolution of green chemistry in the production of nanoparticles has wrapped up an immense consideration because traces of chemicals left unreacted in the chemical synthesis process can be precarious. Owing to copious interest a competent protocol for the production of ZnO NPs without calcinations was developed by green synthesis method using aqueous leaf extracts of Azadirachta Indica and Embl...
Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) are aqueous colloidal dispersions, the matrix of which comprises of solid biodegradable lipids. They are introduced in 1990 as an alternative carrier system to traditional colloidal carriers, such as emulsions, liposomes and polymeric micro- and nanoparticles. SLN combine advantages of the traditional systems but avoid some of their major disadvantages. They exhibit...
Clinacanthus nutans Lindau (Family: Acanthaceae) has attracted public interest recently due to its high medicinal values for the treatment of cancer, inflammation and various skin problems. This study was aimed to determine the oral LD50 value of the methanol leaves extract of C. nutans and identify the targeted organs in mice. This acute oral toxicity study was conducted in accordance to OECD 423...
In general, we know that small intestine is mostly the site for drug absorption but in some cases the drug needs to be targeted to some other sites for absorption due to various factors like any disease condition, degradation related situations, for sustained release of drugs etc. Colon targeted drug delivery is a relatively new concept for the absorption of drugs as it offers near neutral pH. Als...