The aim of present study was to investigate the phytochemical screening and to compare the antimicrobial activity of oils of Clove bud and Cardamom. Clove bud was successively extracted by steam distillation and isolated with Dichloromethane. The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, glycoside, steroids, carbohydrates, terpenoids, tannins and phenolic compound. The dichloromet...
RP-HPLC METHOD FOR SIMULTATANEOUS DETERMINATION OF AMLODIPINE BESYLATE, VALSARTAN, TELMISARTAN, HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE AND CHLORTHALIDONE: APPLICATION TO COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE DRUG PRODUCTS
A simple, precise and stability-indicating HPLC method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of anti-hypertensive drugs Amlodipine Besylate, Valsartan, Telmisartan and diuretics Hydrochlorothiazide and Chlorthalidone. The separation was achieved on Cosmosil PAQ (150 mm × 4.6 mm) 5 μm column with gradient flow. The mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL min−1 cons...
THE EFFICACY OF CUCURBITANE TYPE TRITERPENOIDS, GLYCOSIDES AND PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS ISOLATED FROM MOMORDICA CHARANTIA: A REVIEW
Momordica charantia Linn. which has been used mainly for edible purposes at different countries of the world including South East Asia and has also been extensively used in traditional medicines for the cure of various ailments. M. charantia belongs to the cucurbitaceae family. Extensive research has been carried out on the fruit, leaves, and seeds of the plant. Most importantly, all these researc...
This study evaluated the in vitro antioxidant and cytotoxic potential of methanolic extract of the rhizome of Costus speciosus (Zingiberaceae). The different antioxidants assays including total antioxidant activity, DPPH, nitric oxide (NO) scavenging, total phenolic content and flavonoid content were studied. Costus speciosus exhibited potent total antioxidant activity which was expressed as an eq...
The use of herbal drugs for the prevention and treatment of various health ailments has been in practice from time immemorial. Acacia arabica has been reported to be effective against a variety of disease including diabetes, skin disease and most concerning with cancer. The fresh plants parts of Acacia arabica is considered as astringent, demulcent, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, antimicrobial, anti...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF ACTIVE SECONDARY METABOLITES PRESENT IN WITHANIA SOMNIFERA ROOT: ROLE IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE
Medicinal plants are a source of naturally active compounds used extensively by tribal people worldwide for many ailments. Withania somnifera (WS) is one such plant used to treat many ailments from the time of Ayurveda. Extraction of the bioactive plant constituents from the whole plant or from the different parts of the plant has always been a challenging task. As the dried roots of WSare w...
Niosomes are self assembled vesicles composed primarily of synthetic surfactants and cholesterol. They are analogous in structure to the more widely studied liposomes formed from biologically derived phospholipids. Niosomes represent an emerging class of novel vesicular systems. Niosome formation requires the presence of a particular class of amphiphile and aqueous solvent. In recent years a compr...
PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS IN TIGRAY, NORTH ETHIOPIA: A CROSS SECTIONAL HOSPITAL BASED STUDY
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression and associated factors among people attending ART clinics in Tigray, Ethiopia. Method: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on patients attending ART clinics for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at Adigrat, Mekelle and Maichew Hospitals in Tigray region. Sample size was calculated using Epi info ...
Recent findings from culture-dependent and culture independent methods have demonstrated that indigenous marine actinomycetes exist in the oceans and are widely distributed in different marine ecosystems. There is tremendous diversity and novelty among the marine actinomycetes present in marine environments. Progress has been made to isolate novel actinomycetes from samples collected at different ...
Diabetes mellitus is a lifestyle disorder that is rapidly becoming a major threat to populations all over the globe. Over the past 30 years, the status of diabetes has changed from being considered as a mild lifestyle disorder of the elderly to one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality, affecting people of all ages. India is slated to be the diabetic capital of the world, with 50.8 mill...