COMPLETENESS ASSESSMENT OF HANDWRITTEN MEDICAL PRESCRIPTIONS IN SOUTHEAST KINSHASA COMMUNITY PHARMACIES
Medical prescription carefully conceived is essential to provide effective health care to the patient. It is a medicolegal document that should be legible, clear and complete. However, several studies have shown that prescription errors remain common worldwide, particularly in low-income countries the such Democratic Republic of Congo. This study aimed to explore the completeness of medical prescr...
ANTI-DIABETIC ACTIVITIES OF ISOLATED COMPOUND BETA-SITOSTEROL FROM THE ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF STEM OF ANDROGRAPHIS ECHIOIDES
To study the anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic activities of isolated compound beta-sitosterol from the ethanolic extract of stem of Andrographis echioides under the in-vitro model. The isolation was done using column chromatography using gradient elution with different mobile phases. Structural elucidation was carried out on the basis of spectral analysis. Anti-oxidant activity was determined by 2,2...
The essential part of robots in the medical services framework is principal to limit an individual to individual contact, defilement, and to guarantee cleaning, disinfection. Robots can be defined as an artificially intelligent physical system that is capable of interrelating with the environment. The term robot was coined from the Czech what "robota" which implies serf/worker. Robots are classifi...
Since decades, human beings have been utilizing plants to fulfill their food, medicine, and shelter needs. In the modern era plants, plant-derived products are developed as medicine and drug containing phytoconstituents by combining traditional knowledge and modern technologies. The presence of these phytoconstituents is needed to validate qualitatively and quantitatively to serve the purpose of t...
Isatin, a heterocyclic moiety, is a significant scaffold in medicinal chemistry. Isatin contains a nitrogen atom at position 1 and two ketone groups at positions 2 and 3. It consists of two cyclic rings, one of which is a six-membered ring, and the other is a five-membered ring. It is a resourceful nucleus for the synthesis of several pharmacologically active molecules. Isatin itself acquires an e...
HEPATOPROTECTIVE FUNCTION AS WELL AS SOLUBILITY AND ORAL BIOAVAILABILITY OF NANO-BASED SILYMARIN: A POTENTIAL REVIEW
Silymarin is a mixture of flavonolignan and polyphenolic bioactive natural products found in the milk thistle plant Silybum marianum. It has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and antiviral activities potentially useful in treating several liver disorders, such as chronic liver diseases, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the benefits are curtailed by its extremely poor wa...
Human pharmaceuticals and their metabolites affect the endocrine system and physiology of aquatic wildlife, which is an important global ecological concern. The published data from open-source toxicology and worldwide web resources reveal about 175 pharmaceuticals that can affect estrogen pathways to disrupt the endocrine system and metabolism. Such studies demand additional investigations on fish...
In recent years, the nasal route is gaining increasing importance for systemic administration of drugs and targeting to brain. The drug delivery to the brain is limited due to several factors, including presence of blood-brain barrier, enzymatic degradation, and efflux of drug by P-glycoprotein. Nasal route is employed to target the brain using various direct pathways via nasal mucosa and to bypas...
GREEN SYNTHESIZED GOLD NANOPARTICLE: A NOVEL APPROACH TOWARDS BIOMEDICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL APPLICATIONS
Green synthesized gold nanoparticle is one of the most promising drug delivery approaches with biocompatibility and biodiversity. Various plant sources such as Aegle marmelos, Eugenia jambolana, Soursop, Persea Americana, Terminalia chebula, Aloe arborescens, Musa paradisiacal, Alternanthera philoxeroides, Cissus quadrangularis, Sterculia acuminate, Garciniaindica choissy, Eucalyptus globulus, Ros...
In recent years, natural products such as Boswellic acids (BAs) have attracted researchers around the globe because of their significant potential against various diseases without any toxic effects. Boswellic acids, which belong to the pentacyclic triterpenes type of class, are extracted from the gum-resin portion of Boswellia serrata and many other different species such as Boswellia sacra, Boswe...