Dendrimers are a new class of polymeric materials. They are highly branched, monodisperse macromolecules. Structural Advantages allow dendrimers to play an important role in the fields of nanotechnology, pharmaceutical and medicinal chemistry. As a result of their unique behaviour dendrimers are suitable for a wide range of biomedical and industrial applications. The paper gives a brief review of ...
Carvedilol is used for hypertension, angina pectoris and in symptomatic heart failure. It has a short half life of 2h and bioavailability of 25%. Therefore the present investigation is concerned with the development of the buco-mucoadhesive films, which were designed to prolong the buccal residence time, to increase penetration through buccal mucosa and thus increase the bioavailability and its ha...
AN ETHANOLIC EXTRACT FROM LICORICE (GLYCYRRHIZA GLABRA) EXHIBITS ANTI-OBESITY EFFECTS BY DECREASING DIETARY FAT ABSORPTION IN A HIGH FAT DIET-INDUCED OBESITY RAT MODEL
The present study was to investigate the anti-obesity effects of the freeze dried powder of ethanolic extract of Licorice (Glycyrrhiza Glabra) (LP) in a rat model of high-fat diet induced obesity and hyperlipidemia. Male wistar rats were fed with a high-fat diet for 8 weeks to induce obesity and hyperlipidemia. High fat diet induced obese rats exhibited increases in body weight gain, adipose tissu...
Solid dispersions have been employed to enhance the dissolution rates of poorly water-soluble drugs. Many approaches have been investigated for the preparation of solid dispersions. This paper reports the various solubility enhancement strategies in solid dispersion. The approaches described are fusion (melting), solvent evaporation, lyophilization (freeze drying), melt agglomeration process, extr...
Paracetamol was formulated as lozenges to provide slow release medicament for the management of fever and pain. There are many dosage forms like syrups, tablets, inhalers are available in the market but still there is a need for new dosage forms which acts effectively and locally. So the present investigation has been taken up to design, prepare and evaluated tablet lozenges to meet the need of im...
ASSESSMENT OF CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY OF TWO MEDICINAL PLANTS USING BRINE SHRIMP (ARTEMIA SALINA) AS AN EXPERIMENTAL TOOL
Solanum sisymbriifolium (Solanaceae) and Jatropha gossypifolia (Euphorbiaceae) have long been used in folkloric medicine for the treatment of various ailments. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of the plants and to make available the process of data analysis of cytotoxic studies to the researchers. A general toxicity of the extracts was assessed by a simple an...
PRODUCTION OF REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES, ITS EFFECT, DRUGS AND PLANT EXTRACT USED AS AN ANTIOXIDANT, CHELATOR ON THALASSEMIC PATIENT: A REVIEW
β- Thalassemia is an inherited genetic disorder which is caused by different kinds of mutations in the HBB gene in chromosome 11. Due to several types of mutation in β- gene, globin chains cannot synthesise completely and free α-globin is highly unstable and readily precipitates bound heme and iron. In β- thalassemia these precipitated iron, repeated blood transfusion and increased gastroint...
Mimusops elengi Linn. (Family: Sapotaceae) is a tree which is traditionally used against a number of diseases including ulcers, headache, dental diseases, wound and fever. In the present study crude methanolic extract of Mimusops elengi Linn. leaf was investigated for possible antioxidant, analgesic and cytotoxic activity. The extract exhibited statistically significant antioxidant activity in DPP...
Legumes are plants in the family Fabaceae characterized by seeds in pods that are often ediblethough sometimes poisonous. The nutrient content (protein, carbohydrate and micronutrients) of legumes contribute to address under-nutrition, especially protein-calorie malnutrition among children and nursing mothers in developing countries where supplementing cereal-based diets with legumes is suggested ...
Adenia lobata Engl (Passifloraceae) is a woody climber which grows in most African countries mainly the coastal belt. It is an important medicinal plant used to treat haemorrhoids, malaria, fever, diabetes and gonorrhea. In our attempt to find out the constituents of this medicinal plant, the dried stem powder of A. lobata was successively extracted by Soxhlet with petroleum ether and 70% ethanol ...