From the beginning of civilization, humans depend on the natural products for their food and as medical treatment. Diversity in various bioactive compounds from marine organisms has been tested for the multiple pharmacological effects. Marine algae are surviving in a competitive environment with developed defense strategies and significant levels of chemical structural diversity with a wide variet...
PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF ALOE VERA AGAINST RADIATION INDUCED BIOCHEMICAL DISORDERS IN LIVER OF SWISS ALBINO MICE
In this study, radioprotection against radiation-induced hepatic damage in Swiss albino mice has been observed by Aloe vera. When individuals are exposed, the radiation energy is absorbed by the biological systems, which causes radiolysis of tissue water and generates free radicals. Animals were given Aloe vera leaf extract orally 1000 mg/kg body weight/day for 15 consecutive days before radiation...
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR) AND MECHANISMS FOR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PROTECTION (IPP): A REVIEW
We have experienced a growing importance of intellectual capital and intangible assets and an increased tendency for firms and public institutions to privatize, by the use of patents or copyrights, their knowledge assets and creative expressions. Because control over the use of an intellectual property right (IPR) requires ownership or a licence, the growing importance of knowledge-based assets an...
ESTIMATION OF PROTEINS IN PLANTS OF FORENSIC SIGNIFICANCE (RICINUS COMMUNIS AND CANNABIS SATIVA) BY UV-SPECTROPHOTOMETRY AND GEL ELECTROPHORESIS METHOD
Proteins play a significant role in living beings. In animals, where proteins are involved in the body built, the formation of tissues, organs, etc., in plants, proteins regulate the respiration, photosynthesis, growth, and reproduction. There are some proteins which are specific to the plant or a particular species of plant. Proteomics is a multidisciplinary branch of science that deals with the ...
The present study investigated the protective role of methanolic extract from Anethum graveolense L. (AGME) on bile duct ligation (BDL) produce hepatic fibrosis in the rat. BDL rats were divided into four groups, which received orally distilled water or AGME (200 and 400 mg/kg) for continuously 28 days. The BDL induced hepatic fibrosis by anti-fibrotic effect of AGME in the rats determined by seru...
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF SPHERICAL CRYSTALS OF INDOMETHACIN FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF SOLUBILITY AND MICROMERITIC PROPERTIES
Indomethacin, an anti-inflammatory drug, exhibits poor water solubility and flow properties. Spherical agglomerates were prepared by crystallo-co agglomeration technique. Crystallization medium used for spherical agglomerates of Indomethacin consisted of acetone (good solvent); water (poor solvent); dichloromethane (bridging liquid). HPMC, PVP and PEG6000 this polymer were used in the agglomeratio...
NEEM LEAF EXTRACT PREVENTS METHOTREXATE INDUCED GENOTOXICITY IN THE SOMATIC CELLS OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER”
Background &Objective: To explore possible protective effect of neem leaf extract against methotrexate induced genotoxicity in the somatic cells (wing primordial) of Drosophila melanogaster. Methods: In the first phase of the experiment, neem leaf extract (NLE) at two doses was tested in the somatic cells (wing primordia) of Drosophila melanogaster (3rd instar trans heterozygous larvae resu...
ACTIVITY OF ETHYL ACETATE FRACTIONS OF TONGKAT ALI ROOTS (EURYCOMA LONGIFOLIA, JACK) ON BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
This study is to evaluate two ethyl acetate fractions of “Tongkat Ali Roots” (TAR) namely fractions-1 and fraction-2 (F-1; F-2) on blood glucose levels in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. Each fraction used sixty rats which grouped into six groups (n=10). Group 1 is normal rats which received aqua dest; group 2 is diabetic rats which received STZ 60 mg/kg b.w., group 3 is diabetic r...
This article presents the development of a direct, simple and sensitive spectrophotometric method for the quantitative analysis of mebendazole (MBz), an anthelmintic medication in its pure and pharmaceutical forms. The method is based on the charge transfer (CT) interactions between MBz, an electron donor, and chloranilic acid (CA), 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid (DNSA), and picric acid (PA), (all of w...
PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL INVASTIGATION ON THE LEAVES OF TAMARINDUS INDICA LINN. FOR ANTILITHIATIC ACTIVITY
The main objective of the present investigation is to evaluate theantilithiatic activity of ethanolic extract of Tamarindus indica L. on mice. Antilithiatic activity of the ethanolic extract of the Tamarindus indica leaves at a dose of 250mg/kg, 400mg/kg & 500mg/kg was evaluated against the standard drug Cystone was given orally 750mg/kg. Adult Wister Albino rats of either sex of divided in si...