The present study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant activity of A.sessilis plant extracts in different solvents. The antioxidant activity was studied by phosphomolybdate method and DPPH method. In phosphomolybdate method the highest activity was shown by methanolic extract (12.044 mM of ascorbic acid eqvt/gm of sample). The highest radical scavenging activity by DPPH method was found in methan...
Incorporation of drugs into non-ionic surfactant vesicles (niosomes) during their manufacture affords a possible method of achieving controlled release. The aim of this study is to formulate niosomes as carriers for delivery of diclofenac sodium (DCS). Niosomes are prepared with a series of sorbitan monoesters (Span 20, 40, 60, and 80) and sorbitan tri-oleate (Span 85) and co-surfactants of polyox...
EVALUATION OF ANTIOXIDANT, WOUND HEALING AND ANTI- INFLMMATORY ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF FICUS RELIGIOSA
The present study deals with evaluation of antioxidant, wound healing and anti-inflammatory activity of ethanolic extract of leaves of Ficus religiosa. The ethanolic extract prepared by maceration technique was subjected to screen for antioxidant activity using DPPH radical scavenging method and wound healing activity using incision, excision, histopathological and dead space wound model and the s...
PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND IN VITRO ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BAUHINIA RACEMOSA LAMK (CAESALPINIACEAE)
The aim of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial activity of the leaves of the Bauhinia racemosa L. In the current study, the aqueous and methanol extract of leaves of B. racemosa L. was tested against standard bacterial and fungal cultures. In vitro antimicrobial test was performed by agar well diffusion method on Mueller hinton agar and Sabouraud dextrose agar for bacterial and fungal culture...
HUMAN VAGINAL PATHOGEN INHIBITION STUDIES ON AQUEOUS, METHANOLIC AND SAPONINS EXTRACTS OF STEM BARKS OF ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA
The aqueous, methanolic and saponin extracts of Zizyphus mauritiana barks has been screened for antimicrobial activities against some human vaginal pathogens Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, streptococcus facecalis, klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter faecalis, Enterobacter faecium and Proteus mirabilis isolated from patient samples. Extracts were found to produce s...
Nerium oleander L. is an important medicinal material in Chinese folk medicine. In early times it is assumed that all parts of the oleander plant are poisonous to humans, animals and certain insects but now a day's numbers of pharmacological activities are determined by different scientists. Its main active constituents are polysaccharides, cardenolides, glycosides, and triterpenoids. The importan...
The buccal mucosa has been investigated for local drug therapy and the systemic delivery of therapeutic peptides and other drugs that are subjected to first-pass metabolism or are unstable within the rest of the gastrointestinal tract. The mucosa of the oral cavity presents a formidable barrier to drug penetration, and one method of optimizing drug delivery is by the use of adhesive dosage forms a...
Chromolaena odorata or siam weed is regarded as one of the most harmful weeds present on earth. Many efforts are being made for the control of this weed. But, none of them have provided any significant success. It has been utilized in the traditional medicinal systems for its curative properties for centuries. Some of the current studies have revealed its medicinal properties which have lead to an...
The stems of Cissus quadrangularis L. (Vitaceae) are reported to have great medicinal value. The present investigation was therefore undertaken to determine the requisite pharmacognostic standards for evaluating the plant material. The macroscopic features of the Cissus quadrangularis L. stem were observed under magnifying lens. Microscopic characters and powder analysis were determined under micr...
Pyrimidine nucleus is one of the most important heterocycles exhibiting remarkable pharmacological activities. The present review provides a broad view of the biological and medicinal activity possessed by compounds having pyrimidine nucleus....