Endophytic fungi are ubiquitous in nature residing inside all the plant species contributing to their host plants by producing a plenty of substances that provide protection and survival value to the plant. Many researchers have proven that endophytes are a new and potential source of novel natural products for exploitation in modern medicine. This present study is undertaken to isolate and identi...
THE EFFECT OF AVOCADO (PERSEA AMERICANA MILL.) LEAVES EXTRACT TOWARDS THE MOUSE’S BLOOD GLUCOSE DECREASE WITH THE GLUCOSE TOLERANCE METHOD
Decrease in blood glucose level test with the use of oral glucose tolerance method from Avocado leaves was carried out. Swiss Webster male mice were divided randomly into five groups. They were negative control, positive control (Glipizide 0.013 mg/20 g BW) and three test groups treated with dosage of avocado leaves ethanol extract 0.490 g/kg, 0.980 g/kg and 1.960 g /BW respectively. Experiment wa...
The interaction of losartan potassium (LP) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied by fluorescence quenching in combination with UV–Vis spectroscopic method under near physiological conditions. The fluorescence quenching rate constants and binding constants for BSA–LP system were determined at different temperatures. The fluorescence quenching of BSA by LP is due to static quenching and en...
A COMPARATIVE CLINICAL STUDY OF INTRATHECAL ROPIVACAINE AND ROPIVACAINE-CLONIDINE COMBINATION FOR LOWER LIMB ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERIES
Ropivacaine is a promising drug for subarachnoid block because of its lower cardiotoxic and neurotoxic potential, but onset and duration of anaesthesia is also low and motor block is often insufficient which may lead to use of its higher doses. The aim of this randomized double-blinded study was to see whether the addition of small dose clonidine to small dose ropivacaine for spinal anesthesia pro...
PHYTOCHEMICAL, PHARMACOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF SAPINDUS EMARGINATUS VAHL. BARK EXTRACT FOR NEPHROPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY
Gentamicin causes kidney cellular damage by alterations in biological functions. This study evaluated the nephroprotective potential of the ethanolic extract and its fraction originating from Sapindus emarginatus Vahl. (Sapindaceae) bark against the Gentamicin - induced nephrotoxicity in rat. Objective: To evaluate the nephroprotective effect of ethanol extract and its organic solvent fraction of ...
FORMULATION DEVELOPMENT OF DONEPEZIL HYDROCHLORIDE ORAL DISINTEGRATING TABLETS USING QUALITY BY DESIGN APPROACH
This study posed a challenge for the risk management to research and development projects in a highly regulated and volatile pharmaceutical industry, in which projects are extremely long, complex, costly and prone to failure. Project management in new product development, must be efficient and effective. This emphasizes the importance of risk management. Quality by design (QbD) refers to an advanc...
There are various drugs used in daily life. Some of them show hazardous effect on various organs and some of them shows even lethal effect. Such drugs are required to banned. One of them is Etizolam (marketed under the brand name Sedekopan, Pasaden or Depas) is a drug which is a thiebenzothiodiazepines analog. The aim of this work is done to compare the effect of administrati...
TEMPLATE SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF LANTHANIDE(III) COMPLEXES OF 21-MEMBERED UNSYMMETRICAL PENTAAZA MACROCYCLIC SCHIFF BASES BEARING PENDANT ARM. IDENTICAL FRAME WORK: PART II
A series of discrete mononuclear lanthanide(III) complexes of H2L1 [Ln(H2L1)(NO3)2]NO3.nH2O (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Y; n = 1 for Ce; n = 2 for La, Sm, Gd and Y; n = 3 for Pr, Nd, Eu, and Tb) have been prepared by the condensation of Schiff-bases with the precursor compounds namely, 2,6-diformyl-4-methylphenol, 1,5-diamino-3-azamethypentane and 4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamin...
A COMPARATIVE STUDY TO EVALUATE ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND ANALGESIC ACTIVITY OF COMMONLY USED PROTEOLYTIC ENZYMES AND THEIR COMBINATION WITH DICLOFENAC IN RATS
Introduction: Proteolytic enzymes like serratiopeptidase, trypsin and chymotrypsin are used for prolonged period for edema resolution in post-operative patients, arthritis, tooth extraction etc. either alone or with other anti-inflammatory agent. Various trials have supported and refused the role of enzymes as anti-inflammatory agents. No study was found for analgesic property of proteolytic enzym...
AN IN VITRO INVESTIGATION OF SUITABILITY OF PRESS-COATED TABLETS WITH HYDROXYPROPYLMETHYLCELLULOSE ACETATE SUCCINATE (HPMCAS) AND SODIUM ALGINATE IN OUTER SHELL FOR COLON TARGETING
The aim of present study was to develop a new colon targeting formulation, which can minimize the escape of Mesalazine completely in upper gastro-intestinal tract and ensure availability of maximum amount of drug to achieve the desired site i.e. distal colon. The use of press coated tablets with Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMCAS) and sodium alginate in outer shell was investig...