The aim of the present work is to increase the gastric residence time of Lamivudine by preparing it into gastro retentive floating tablets whereby making it available at its site of absorption and to achieve an extended action for a time period of 24hrs and to reduce the dosing frequency to once a day, using release retardant polymers METHOCEL, POLYOX and CARBOPOL. The compatibility of the drug wi...
In diabetes, infertility is a common complication in diabetic men and experimental animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of methanolic leaf extract of Clerodendrum infortunatum (MECI) on programmed cell death in the testicular damage resulting from streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetes in rats. Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of STZ (50 ...
EFFECT OF STANDARDIZED EURYCOMA LONGIFOLIA EXTRACT ON ROSIGLITAZONE METABOLISM IN THE OLD NORMAL MALE RAT HEPATOCYTES: A MECHANISM STUDY
Eurycoma longifolia has been widely used by society as an aphrodisiac especially in Indonesia, Vietnam and Malaysia. However, only few studies have been published related to the herb-drug interaction. Previous study showed that the standardized extract of E. longifolia affected phase I rosiglitazone metabolism especially in the old male rat hepatocytes for both diabetic and normal rats. The presen...
Probiotics are defined as “Live microorganisms” which when administered in sufficient amounts confer a health benefit to the host. They are consumed as microbial food supplements.The mechanism of action of probiotics is associated with their ability to enhance immune response, compete with pathogenic microbes for adhesion sites, to antagonize these pathogens and production of antimicrobial sub...
This study investigates the level of cathepsin D activity in the serum and gingival tissues of periodontitis subjects and healthy individuals. The cathepsin D activity (spectrophotometric assay) was measured in the gingival tissues and serum of control healthy individuals (group I) and periodontitis subjects (group II). Inflamed gingival tissue was obtained from 15 periodontitis patients (9 males ...
EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTIFUNGAL PROPERTY OF DHOOPANA KARMA (FUMIGATION) – BY “DHUP”AN AYURVEDIC DHOOPANA PRODUCT
There are millions of micro-organisms around us, amongst 20-25% are non pathogenic. Pathogenic microbes present in the environment around us are responsible for various health related problems. Reducing microbial load to non-pathogenic levels may be the purpose of traditional fumigation techniques like Dhoopana, Homa, and Havana etc. This is also evident from Ayurvedic literature wherein fumigat...
PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF DRUGS USED IN THE TREATMENT OF PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF GASTROENTEROLOGY IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
For more than a century Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) has been considered to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Most first line treatment for PUD involves use of acid suppressing drugs and target against the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. However, the treatment strategy employed in India is not well studied. Hence, this study aims to provide insight into the presc...
MATERNAL MORTALITY: TEN YEARS REVIEW STUDY AT GOA MEDICAL COLLEGE THE ONLY MEDICAL COLLEGE & TEACHING INSTITUTE IN THE STATE OF GOA
Objective: Maternal Mortality: Ten year review study in The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Goa Medical College. Method: A retrospective study was conducted in the Dept. of OBG GMC over a period of10 years spanning between Jan 4 to Dec 13 regarding Maternal Mortality. Results: There were total of 58 deaths out of 54604 live births during this 10 year period giving maternal mortality ratio...
FORMULATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF AN ANTI-BACTERIAL CREAM USING HEMPEDU BUMI (ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA)
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), a bacterium that causes skin infection as a result of skin colonization, is becoming increasingly resistant to many commonly used antibiotics. Andrographis paniculata (A. paniculata) or hempedu bumi, traditionally used for the treatment of inflammation and infection, in extract form has been shown to exhibited anti-bacterial activity against various bacteria. Thi...
PREPARATION AND EVALUATION OF MUCOADHESIVE GELLAN GUM IN-SITU GELS FOR THE OCULAR DELIVERY OF CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITOR NANOVESICLES
A novel approach was tested utilizing mucoadhesive in-situ gelling (ISG) Gellan Gum /HPMC solutions containing dispersions of methazolamide (MZA) loaded Spanlastic Vesicular systems (SVs). The tested systems were designed to combine high corneal permeability of SVs as well as ease of application and prolonged eye retention of ISGs. SVs consisted of Span 60 mixed with different ratios of edge activ...