EFFECT OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF INDIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS ON THE NON-ENZYMATIC ANTIOXIDANT SYSTEM IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS IN COMPARISON WITH GLIBENCLAMIDE
Objective: To investigate the effects of ethanolic extracts of leaf and fruit of Trichosanthes dioica and leaf of Clitoria ternatea were studied on the altered non-enzymatic antioxidant system such as reduced glutathione (GSH), Vitamin E, C and A in streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats. Methods: Male adult Wistar albino rats divided into eleven groups of six rats each were assigned to non-d...
DESIGN, SYNTHESIS, DOCKING STUDY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF NOVEL -2- (5-(1H-INDOL-3-YL)- 1, 3, 4-THIADIAZOL -2 -YLIMINO) -5 -(SUBSTITUTED BENZYLIDENE) THIAZOLIDIN-4-ONE ANALOGUES
A series of novel analogues of 2-(5-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1, 3, 4-thiadiazol-2-ylimino)- 5- (substituted benzylidene)thiazolidine-4-one have been synthesized. The structures of newly synthesized compounds were confirmed by FT-IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and Mass spectroscopy. The synthesized compounds showed significant antibacterial activity against gram-positive bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC 3160), Ba...
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a deadly infectious disease, there is rising death of humans every year because of this disease, availability of genome sequences of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has provided tremendous amount of information that can be useful in drug target and new vaccine development. Sequence similarity provides accurate annotation for genes in newly sequenced genomes. In this pres...
A CRITICAL REVIEW ON COLON TARGETED DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS FOR MANAGEMENT OF INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to the inflammation of the colon and small intestine of the body, in which Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of IBD. This article covers most of the information related to a drug delivery system for treatment regarding intestinal diseases more emphasized to inflammatory bowel diseases. Currently, using delivery systems for target...
This study reports the potential of a marine mollusk, Chicoreus sp., as a producer of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) ligand that activate the scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-B1) for anti-atherosclerotic activity. The objective of this study is to determine the cytotoxicity of the obtained compound C35, with a molecular weight of 270.1 and the level of SR-B1 expres...
Nanotechnology is an advancing technology expected to bring revolutionary changes in the field of life sciences including drug delivery. The advance in nanotechnology helps in the preparation of new pharmaceutical formulations with high benefits. One of its approaches is to stabilize the niosomal drug delivery system without affecting its properties have resulted in the development of proniosomes,...
In this study, the fatty acid content, antioxidant activities and antimicrobial potential of oil obtained from the root of Hippocratea africana was investigated. Results showed that the oil was characterized by oleic acid (65.73%), palmitic acid (20.34%) and linoleic acid (6.90%) as the most abundant fatty acids with a oleic acid/linoleic acid ratio of 9.52. The oil possessed potent antioxidant ac...
SHORT-TERM TREATMENT OF ELASTASE-LPS INDUCED EXACERBATION MODEL OF EMPHYSEMA IN MICE WITH DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID, A PRECURSOR OF ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AUTACOIDS
An essential pathological phenotype of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is emphysema or lung tissue destruction. The study aims to assess docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a precursor for specialized pro-resolving mediators, as a treatment of emphysema. Albino mice were challenged with porcine pancreatic elastase on day 1 and bacterial lipopolysaccharide on day 21 to induce emphysema. The pathologi...
Solid dispersion is one of these methods, which was most widely and successfully applied to improve the solubility, dissolution rates and consequently the bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. The solid dispersions based on the concept that the drug is dispersed in an inert water-soluble carrier at solid state. Several water soluble carriers such as methyl cellulose, urea, lactose, citric...
Neurodegeneration accounts for diseases like Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, etc. that come under neurodegenerative diseases. Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease. The main hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease are progressive loss of motor control and cognitive dysfunction. Current treatments are of reducing the symptoms, do ...