Volume 1 (2010) - Issue 2, February
PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE: A REVOLUTION IN DRUG DELIVERY TECHNOLOGY
In recent years Phosphatidylcholine has greatly impacted the drug delivery technology. The very first and most important advantage of phospholipid based vesicular system is the compatibility of phospholipids with membrane of human either internal membrane as well as skin (external membrane). For a drug to be absorbed and distributed into organs and tissues and eliminated from the body, it must pas...
MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS: A REVIEW
Multiple sclerosis affects around 2.5 million people worldwide it is one of the most common neurological disorders and cause of disability of young adults, especially in Europe and North America. There is a lack of epidemiological studies from Asia where the prevalence is reported to be low, though, with the availability of more neurologists and magnetic resonance imaging, a larger number of patie...
HERBAL TREATMENT FOR URINARY STONES
Herbs and herbal drugs have created interest among the people by its clinically proven effects like immunomodulation, adaptogenic and antimutagenic. Also, the overuse of synthetic drugs, which results in higher incidence of adverse drug reactions, has motivated humans to return to nature for safe remedies. The problem of urinary stones or calculi is a very ancient one and many remedies have been e...
FORMULATION OF MEDICATED CHEWING GUM OF ONDANSETRON HYDROCHLORIDE AND ITS PHARMACOKINETIC EVALUATIONS
An attempt has been made to formulate new chewing gum device for ondansetron hydrochloride in the form of tablet. The new drug delivery system was obtained, at room temperature, by direct compression using conventional pharmaceutical equipment. The resulting chewing gum tablets comprise a gum core combined with fillers, antioxidants, coloring agent and plasticizers, which provide smooth appearance...
SYNTHESIS AND ANTIDIABETIC EVALUATION OF SOME THIAZOLIDINE-2, 4-DIONE DERIVATIVES
Condensation of thiaourea with chloro acetic acid gave Thiazolidinedione which react with aromatic aldehyde and produce 5- benzylidine, 2, 4 Thiazolidinedione.To this different secondary amine was reacted and final derivatives was obtained. The structures of these compounds were established by means of IR, 1 H-NMR.All the compounds were evaluated for antidiabetic activities. Most of the compou...
ANTISPASMODIC AND ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF NYCTANTHES ARBORTRISTIS LINN.
Antispasmodic activity of the ethanolic extracts of different parts of Nyctanthes arbortristis Linn. was estimated using guinea pig ileum preparation against acetylcholine. Anthelmintic activity was tested following the method described by Kailashraj and Kurup, using earthworm (Pheretima posthuma). The extracts exhibited antispasmodic activity, which was less than that of piperazine citrate. The e...
POTENTIATIVE ACTIVITY OF CUCURBITA MAXIMA SEED EXTRACT WITH BETA VULGARIS & SMILAX REGELII ROOT EXTRACT TO REDUCE EXTRA FATS FROM THE BODY
Root Extracts of Beta vulgaris; Smilax regelii; & Cucurbita maxima. seed is effective for reducing fats individually as well as its combination effort through different mechanism. First one is used to flush out fats from the system and the second & third is used to regulate thyroxine. The extract of A,B & C were taken with diffusion extraction, ethanol extraction through soxhlet appara...
EVALUATION OF ANTICONVULSANT ACTIVITY OF THE LEAVES ETHANOLIC AND AQUEOUS EXTRACTS OF NYCTANTHES ARBORTRISTIS LINN. AGAINST SEIZURES INDUCED BY PENTYLENETETRAZOLE AND ELECTROCONVULSIVE SHOCK IN MICE
Nyctanthes arbortristis Linn. (Oleaceae) which has been used as an antiepileptic remedy in tribal people of India (Orissa and Bihar) along with its use in Ayurveda, Sidha and Unani systems of medicine was evaluated for anticonvulsant activity against experimental seizures. The leaves ethanolic and aqueous extracts of N. arbortristis protected mice against tonic convulsions induced by maximal elect...
A STUDY ON PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL AND DIURETIC ACTIVITY OF BARK OF THESPESIA POPULNEA
Thespesia populnea is a reputed ever green tree belonging to the family malvaceae; commonly known as Indian tulip tree. The plant is distributed tropical regions and coastal forest in India. It is well known and all the parts are used in traditional system of medicine. The plant has been used as astringent, antibacterial, hepatoprotective, haemostatic, anti-diarroheal and anti-inflammatory. The sh...
SYNTHESIS OF SOME N-HETROCYCLIC ANALOGS OF VASICINE
Vasicine is a pyrralazoquinazoline monobasic alkaloid obtained from the Plant Adhatoda vasica. In the present paper, the experiment were carried out to synthesis the various analogs of Vasicine, where the five membered ring C, was converted to seven membered ring, thus producing 7,8,9,10-Tetrahydroazepino[2,1-b] quinazolin-12(6H)one (RLX), was reported to be 6-10 times more potent than aminophylli...
ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BASELLA RUBRA LEAVES
The antimicrobial activities of aqueous, ethanolic and petroleum ether extracts of the leaves of Basella rubra were evaluated in the present study by measuring the inhibition zones using Cup Plate Diffusion method. The inhibition zones were significantly different (P<0.001) in each plant extract. The ethanolic extract showed maximum activity with zone of inhibition (14.3±1.82 mm) against E.col...