PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND DETERMINATION OF FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING ACTIVITY OF RUTIN-PHOSPHOLIPID COMPLEX
Rutin belongs to a class of plant secondary metabolites called flavonoids. Rutin is believed to be a vital nourishing supplement as it is able to make the capillaries stronger. But when administered orally it shows poor absorption because of less lipophilicity. To overcome this limitation, the present study was aimed to develop Rutin- phospholipid complex in different ratio to improve the lipoph...
Due to various advantages such as high-precision dosing, manufacturing efficiency and patient compliance helped making tablets the most popular dosage forms among all available dosages forms. Compaction, which is an essential manufacturing step in the manufacture of tablets, mainly includes compression (i.e. reduction of volume of the powder under consideration and particle rearrangement) and co...
Garcinia indica is well spread in tropical rain forest of Western Ghats of India. Extract of dried fruit rind of kokum was prepared using methanol. Extract was evaluated for antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic activity. Garcinia was tested for antihyperlipidemic activity using cholesterol induced hyperlipidemic model in Albino Wistar rats. It exhibited significant reduction in total cholesterol, tr...
The ethanolic extract of bark of Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. was investigated for its activity against Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma and nematode Ascardi galli. Various concentrations (10, 20, 50 mg/ml) of ethanolic extract were tested, which involved determination of time of paralysis and time of death of the worms. It was compared with Piperazine citrate (15 mg/ml) and Albendazole (20 mg/ml) a...
Indole ring system is the most important heterocycle available in natural compounds. Owing to great structural diversity, the indole ring system has become an important structural requirement in many pharmaceutical agents. Indole has been widely identified as a privileged structure or pharmacophore, with its presence in over 3000 natural isolates which are known to possess broad spectrum of biolog...
PLANTEROSOMES: A POTENTIAL PHYTO-PHOSPHOLIPID CARRIERS FOR THE BIOAVAILABILITY ENHANCEMENT OF HERBAL EXTRACTS
Planterosomes, term “PLANTERO” means plant while “SOME” means cell-like. A novel emerging technique applied to phytopharmaceutical for the enhancement of bioavailability of herbal extract for medicinal applications. Since the two major limiting factors for molecules to pass the biological membrane for their absorption in the blood stream mainly includes lipid solubility and molecular sizes...
ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTY OF COMMONLY FOUND MICROALGAE SPIRULINA PLATENSIS, NOSTOC MUSCORUM AND CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA AGAINST SOME PATHOGENIC BACTERIA AND FUNGI
In the present study, three algal species (Spirulina platensis, Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Nostoc muscorum (ATCC 2789) were used to investigate their antimicrobial and antioxidant properties against some human pathogenic bacteria and fungi (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Micrococcus luteus and fungus Aspergillus luchuensis,...
Casuarina equisetifolia (Casuarinaceae) is considered a medicinal plant and is traditionally used for the treatment of diarrhoea. Preliminary phytochemical screening of methanolic extract of the aerial bark revealed the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids, proteins, glycosides, saponins, flavonoids and tannins. The extract reduced contractions in isolated ileum induced by spasmogens like ACh, His...
Assessment of antimicrobial use can be performed by evaluating their use. Drug use evaluation is a performance improvement method that focuses on evaluation and improvement of drug use processes to achieve optimal patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rational use of ceftriaxone in Ayder referral Hospital, Mekelle-Ethiopia. Retrospective cross sectional study was used...
In recent years Phosphatidylcholine has greatly impacted the drug delivery technology. The very first and most important advantage of phospholipid based vesicular system is the compatibility of phospholipids with membrane of human either internal membrane as well as skin (external membrane). For a drug to be absorbed and distributed into organs and tissues and eliminated from the body, it must pas...