The stems of Cissus quadrangularis L. (Vitaceae) are reported to have great medicinal value. The present investigation was therefore undertaken to determine the requisite pharmacognostic standards for evaluating the plant material. The macroscopic features of the Cissus quadrangularis L. stem were observed under magnifying lens. Microscopic characters and powder analysis were determined under micr...
HYPOLIPIDEMIC AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT FRACTIONS OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF IMMATURE LEAVES OF MANGIFERA INDICA (LINN.) IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
The study was undertaken to investigate the hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective effects of the different fractions (Petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and chloroform) of ethanolic extract of immature leaves of Mangifera indica. The different fractions of extract were administered intraperitonially as a single dose of 150 mg/kg body weight to alloxan induced diabetic rats and found to reduce blood lipid...
Extensive research has been carried out from last decades to discover potential constituents from plant sources. Stigmasterol is an important constituent and has been isolated from plants. It is involved in the synthesis of many hormones like progesterone, androgens, estrogens and corticoids. In addition to stigmasterol many of its derivatives like, spinasterol, fucosterol, cyasterone, stigmaste...
Niosomes are self assembled vesicles composed primarily of synthetic surfactants and cholesterol. They are analogous in structure to the more widely studied liposomes formed from biologically derived phospholipids. Niosomes represent an emerging class of novel vesicular systems. Niosome formation requires the presence of a particular class of amphiphile and aqueous solvent. In recent years a compr...
The objective of this review is to form a short compilation of phytochemical screening, pharmacological activity and some analytical methods available for Sapindus mukorossi plant. Although the plant is of importance in Ayurvedic system of medicine mainly as cleansing agent, a review article based on the phytochemical and pharmacological screening of Sapindus mukorossi is not so far reported. The ...
The use of herbal drugs for the prevention and treatment of various health ailments has been in practice from time immemorial. Acacia arabica has been reported to be effective against a variety of disease including diabetes, skin disease and most concerning with cancer. The fresh plants parts of Acacia arabica is considered as astringent, demulcent, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, antimicrobial, anti...
PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION AND CHROMATOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF THE ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF WHOLE PLANT EXTRACT OF DENDROPHTHOE FALCATA (L.F) ETTINGSH
The present study was aimed to investigate phytochemicals present in the whole plant extract of Dendrophthoe falcata and development of new solvent system for thin layer chromatography of ethanolic (whole plant) extract of medicinal plant Dendrophthoe falcata. The extract showed presence of Carbohydrates, Sterols, Glycosides, Flavonoids and Phenolic compounds. For TLC, new solvent system developed...
The poor dissolution rate of water-insoluble drugs is still a major problem conforming the pharmaceutical industry. The most common method for improving the solubility is by increasing the surface area of the drug through micronization. But, in practice the effect of micronization is often disappointing, especially when the drugs are encapsulated or tablet. It is generally recognized that low solu...
HUMAN VAGINAL PATHOGEN INHIBITION STUDIES ON AQUEOUS, METHANOLIC AND SAPONINS EXTRACTS OF STEM BARKS OF ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA
The aqueous, methanolic and saponin extracts of Zizyphus mauritiana barks has been screened for antimicrobial activities against some human vaginal pathogens Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, streptococcus facecalis, klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter faecalis, Enterobacter faecium and Proteus mirabilis isolated from patient samples. Extracts were found to produce s...
Antioxidants have become a vital part of our lives today. Antioxidants help neutralize or destroy “Reactive Oxygen Species” (ROS) or free radicals before they can damage cells. This paper focuses on types of damaging free radicals generated in metabolic processes and also gives an insight of mechanistic aspect of various in-vitro methods for evaluation of antioxidant capacity of plant metaboli...