ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES OF TRADITIONALLY USED MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR ENTERIC INFECTIONS BY ADIVASI’s (BHUMKA) IN MELGHAT FOREST (AMRAVATI DISTRICT)
Medicinal plants are a major source of therapeutic agents since time immemorial. Tribal and rural community from their parents on folklore medicines acquires incredible knowledge of phytomedicine in non-coded form. With the repeated discussions and consultations with Tribal and Bhumkas, we selected 36 different medicinal plants of 30 families used against enteric infections form Melghat forest (Am...
Biosynthesis of nanoparticles is reviewed in detail in this study. Comparison of different synthesis methods, namely physical, chemical and green methods giving emphasis to biological synthesis is documented here. This study also details limitations of the present techniques and envisages the future scope of nanoparticle biosynthesis. Important applications of nanoparticles are also discussed brie...
A SIMPLE UV SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF FEBUXOSTAT IN BULK AND PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATIONS
A simple and cost effective spectrophotometric method is described for the determination of febuxostat in pure form and in pharmaceutical formulations. The drug was highly soluble in methanol so it was selected as the solvent system for the drug. This ensured adequate drug solubility and maximum assay sensitivity. The linearity range for febuxostat at its wavelength of detection of 315 nm was obta...
AN OVERVIEW ON SOLUBILITY ENHANCEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR POORLY SOLUBLE DRUGS AND SOLID DISPERSION AS AN EMINENT STRATEGIC APPROACH
Solubility is an important parameter to achieve desired concentration of drug in systemic circulation for pharmacological response to be shown. Among all newly discovered chemical entities most of the drugs are lipophillic and fail to reach market due to their poor water solubility. The solubility behavior remains one of the most challenging aspect informational development. Hence various techni...
ANTIRHEUMATOID ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF PIPER LONGUM ON FREUNDS ADJUVANT-INDUCED ARTHRITIS IN RATS
Aqueous extract of the fruits of the plant Piper longum was studied for their Anti rheumatoid activity in Freunds Adjuvant Induced Arthritis Rats with the dose of 200 and 400 mg/kg p. o. The administration of extract reported significant reduction in paw swelling on 4th, 8th, 14th and 21st day after sub-plenter administration of Complete Freunds adjuvant. The paw swelling was measured as a volume ...
Transdermal drug delivery system (TDS) is not practically for delivery of materials whose final target is skin itself. Application topical agents generally offer many problems such as rashes, skin irritancy and burning sensation etc due to higher percutaneous absorption of drugs on the skin. Some conventional dosage e.g., gels and ointments which are often aesthetically unappealing, greasiness and...
Niosomes are self assembled vesicles composed primarily of synthetic surfactants and cholesterol. They are analogous in structure to the more widely studied liposomes formed from biologically derived phospholipids. Niosomes represent an emerging class of novel vesicular systems. Niosome formation requires the presence of a particular class of amphiphile and aqueous solvent. In recent years a compr...
In recent time, scientific investigations of medicinal plants using indigenous medical systems has attracted a lot of attention globally. Nature has bestowed our planet with an enormous wealth of medicinal plants have been known for millennia and are highly esteemed all over the world as a rich source of therapeutic agents for the prevention and cure of diseases and ailments. Inflammation is compl...
PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND IN VITRO ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF BAUHINIA RACEMOSA LAMK (CAESALPINIACEAE)
The aim of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial activity of the leaves of the Bauhinia racemosa L. In the current study, the aqueous and methanol extract of leaves of B. racemosa L. was tested against standard bacterial and fungal cultures. In vitro antimicrobial test was performed by agar well diffusion method on Mueller hinton agar and Sabouraud dextrose agar for bacterial and fungal culture...
The objective of this review is to form a short compilation of phytochemical screening, pharmacological activity and some analytical methods available for Sapindus mukorossi plant. Although the plant is of importance in Ayurvedic system of medicine mainly as cleansing agent, a review article based on the phytochemical and pharmacological screening of Sapindus mukorossi is not so far reported. The ...