ASSESSMENT OF DRUG USE PRACTICES AND COMPLETENESS OF PRESCRIPTIONS IN GONDAR UNIVERSITY TEACHING REFERRAL HOSPITAL
Background: Rational drug use is a tool through which safe, effective and economic medication is provided. Rational prescribing ensures adherence to treatment and protects drug consumers from unnecessary adverse drug reactions. Rational dispensing on the other hand, promotes the safe, effective and economic use of drugs. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess drug use practices and com...
GC/MS ANALYSIS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF DIETHYL ETHER FRACTION OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT FROM THE STEM BARK OF ANNONA SENEGALENSIS PERS.
The Diethyl ether fraction of the Methanolic extract of Annona senegalensis (Pers) stem bark was prepared in yield of (0.16%). Preparative Thin Layer Chromatography analysis of the fraction resulted in the identification of two spots with antimicrobial activity. Subsequent GC/MS analysis of these spots resulted in the identification of ten components (spot one) and fourteen components (spot two). ...
IN VITRO ANTIBACTERIAL, ANTIOXIDANT, HAEMOLYTIC, THROMBOLYTIC ACTIVITIES AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF SIMAROUBA GLAUCA LEAVES EXTRACTS
Objective: To study the leaves of Simarouba glauca for their antibacterial, antioxidant, haemolytic, thrombolytic activities and to perform phytochemical evaluation. Methods: The three extracts (chloroform, methanol, ethyl acetate) of Simarouba glauca were screened for antibacterial activity against five pathogenic microorganisms by well diffusion method. In vitro antioxidant activity of extract w...
Crinum is a well-known traditional herb belongs to family Amaryllidaceae. Worldwide, different Crinum species are commonly used to treat various conditions due to their excellent medicinal values. Members of this genus are also best known biofactories for the unique Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Due to the significant phytoconstituents produced by this plant as well as their therapeutic potentials, ma...
Herbal medicine is gaining popularity once again and there is an increased interest in green medicine simply because it is considered as safe. Traditionally also plants and plant extracts were used to cure many diseases and disorders. However, before usage it is of utmost important to ensure its safety. The extract may be therapeutically very efficient but if it’s toxicity assessment is not wo...
In last few decades, there has been a great progress in understanding the biochemical and cellular events of normal wound healing. Healing of wounds, either accidental or surgical interventions, involves complex activities of blood cells, tissues, soluble mediators, cytokines and several growth factors. This increased cellular activity of damaged tissue enhances metabolic demands and active drug t...
Oral route is the easiest and most convenient route of drug administration, being non invasive and cost effective, thereby leading worldwide drug delivery market. But major problem encountered in oral formulations (as estimated more than 50 % of oral formulations are found to be poorly aqueous soluble), is low bioavailability, giving rise to further problems like, high inter and intra subject vari...
Heterocylic chemistry have been known for many years but in recent years heteocyclics received great attention. In heterocyclic chemistry oxazoline is one of the most important moiety. Oxazoline moiety shows a wide range of application such as in agriculture industry, pharmaceutical, food industry, natural product, medicine, polymers and various other industries. Oxazoline moiety constitutes the c...
Worldwide diabetic patients are very common. This paper studies spread of diabetes in human living in Lahore, Pakistan. Data is collected from two local hospitals of Lahore and TOPSIS is applied to draw the results of the study. The study points out the people who are more likely to have diabetes due to various parameters like age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SB...
Transdermal drug delivery system (TDS) is not practically for delivery of materials whose final target is skin itself. Application topical agents generally offer many problems such as rashes, skin irritancy and burning sensation etc due to higher percutaneous absorption of drugs on the skin. Some conventional dosage e.g., gels and ointments which are often aesthetically unappealing, greasiness and...