The convenience of administration and improved patient compliance are important in the design of nasal drug delivery system which remains the preferred route of drug delivery in spite of various disadvantages. Therapy through intranasal administration has been an accepted form of treatment in the Ayurvedic system of Indian Medicine. Advances in biotechnology have made available a large number of p...
AN OVERVIEW ON SOLUBILITY ENHANCEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR POORLY SOLUBLE DRUGS AND SOLID DISPERSION AS AN EMINENT STRATEGIC APPROACH
Solubility is an important parameter to achieve desired concentration of drug in systemic circulation for pharmacological response to be shown. Among all newly discovered chemical entities most of the drugs are lipophillic and fail to reach market due to their poor water solubility. The solubility behavior remains one of the most challenging aspect informational development. Hence various techni...
In recent times, focus on plant research has increased all over the world and a large body of evidence has collected to show immense potential of medicinal plants used in various traditional systems. Solanum nigrum (commonly called Makoi) is also a medicinal plant. A dietary intake of Solanum nigrum supplies our body with nutrients that offer protection against numerous diseases. All parts of this...
Oral route is the easiest and most convenient route of drug administration, being non invasive and cost effective, thereby leading worldwide drug delivery market. But major problem encountered in oral formulations (as estimated more than 50 % of oral formulations are found to be poorly aqueous soluble), is low bioavailability, giving rise to further problems like, high inter and intra subject vari...
Six generic ciprofloxacin HCl 250 mg tablets from different manufacturer have been evaluated to assess their bioequivalence using in vitro tests. Other general quality assessments of these tablets like assay, weight variation, hardness, friability, disintegration time were also determined and all these generic tablets passed compendial specifications. There were no significant differences (p < ...
The plant Tephrosia purpurea L. is commonly known as Unhali. T. purpurea (Leguminosae) is a copiously branched perennial herb. Present work was undertaken to study antioxidant potential of the plant. Dried ethanol and aqueous extracts plant were screened for in-vitro antioxidant activity by DPPH assay and nitric oxide screening methods. Results showed that IC50 value of aqueous extract in DPPH ass...
Transdermal drug delivery system (TDS) is not practically for delivery of materials whose final target is skin itself. Application topical agents generally offer many problems such as rashes, skin irritancy and burning sensation etc due to higher percutaneous absorption of drugs on the skin. Some conventional dosage e.g., gels and ointments which are often aesthetically unappealing, greasiness and...
The present article is a descriptive study of the performances of ethosomes and proniosomes as specialized delivery systems for transdermal drug delivery system. Vesicular systems, such as ethosomes and proniosomes are used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products to encapsulate ingredients, to protect ingredients from degradation, to increase bioavailability, and to improve cosmetic performance....
ASSESSMENT OF DRUG USE PRACTICES AND COMPLETENESS OF PRESCRIPTIONS IN GONDAR UNIVERSITY TEACHING REFERRAL HOSPITAL
Background: Rational drug use is a tool through which safe, effective and economic medication is provided. Rational prescribing ensures adherence to treatment and protects drug consumers from unnecessary adverse drug reactions. Rational dispensing on the other hand, promotes the safe, effective and economic use of drugs. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess drug use practices and com...
THE EFFICACY OF CUCURBITANE TYPE TRITERPENOIDS, GLYCOSIDES AND PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS ISOLATED FROM MOMORDICA CHARANTIA: A REVIEW
Momordica charantia Linn. which has been used mainly for edible purposes at different countries of the world including South East Asia and has also been extensively used in traditional medicines for the cure of various ailments. M. charantia belongs to the cucurbitaceae family. Extensive research has been carried out on the fruit, leaves, and seeds of the plant. Most importantly, all these researc...