In the recent years, the use of herbal products has been increasing in developing countries. Psidium guajava Linn. (Guava) family Myrtaceae is an important dietary plant used traditionally for medicinal purpose around the world. The fruit part of the guava is used because of its food and nutritional value but other part of the guava plant are used in the traditional system due to their medicinal p...
AUTHENTICATION METHODS FOR DRUGS USED IN AYURVEDA, SIDDHA AND UNANI SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE: AN OVERVIEW
Traditional systems of medicine in India include Ayurveda,Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani and Siddha. Among them Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani systems (ASU) use plants, minerals and animal products as main drugs to cure various ailments. There has been a boom in the usage of ASU drugs and export is appreciably high in the last two decades. ASU drugs may vary in composition and properties, unlike conventiona...
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF DERIVATIVE SPECTROSCOPIC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF CEFIXIME TRIHYDRATE AND AZITHROMYCIN DIHYDRATE IN COMBINED DOSAGE FORM
A novel, simple, accurate, sensitive, reproducible, economical spectroscopic method was developed and validated for the determination of Azithromycin dihydrate and Cefixime trihydrate in combined dosage form. Second order derivative spectroscopy method is adopted to eliminate spectral interference. The method obeys Beer’s Law in concentration ranges of 10-40 ppm for Cefixime trihydrate and 25-10...
Clinacanthus nutans Lindau (Family: Acanthaceae) has attracted public interest recently due to its high medicinal values for the treatment of cancer, inflammation and various skin problems. This study was aimed to determine the oral LD50 value of the methanol leaves extract of C. nutans and identify the targeted organs in mice. This acute oral toxicity study was conducted in accordance to OECD 423...
HYPOLIPIDEMIC AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT FRACTIONS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF MOMORDICA CHARANTIA (LINN.) IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
The study was undertaken to investigate the hypolipidemic and hepatoprotective effects of the different fractions (Petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and chloroform) of methanolic extract of Momordica charantia. The different fractions of extract were administered intraperitoneally as a single dose of 150 mg/kg body weight to alloxan induced diabetic rats and found to reduce blood lipid level (Total c...
Myrica esculenta (Myricaceae), commonly known as ‘Katphala’, is an evergreen, sun-temperate tree. Phytochemical constituents reported in the bark are tannins mainly epigallocatechin-3-o-gallate, gallic acid, myricanone, myricanol and a yellow dye. The edible portion of the fruit is its pulp which contains reducing sugars, tannins and vit C. Myrica esculenta (M. esculenta) is known traditionall...
Withania somnifera L. Dunal (Family: Solanaceae) is extensively used in traditional Indian medicine as a nerve tonic and is thought to improve memory. We assessed the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity and kinetics of an aqueous extract of W. somnifera root, in the context of its potential role in regulating the levels of acetylcholine (ACh) in the brain. The assessment of cholinester...
ANTIDIABETIC, ANTIHYPERLIPIDAEMIC AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF WATTAKAKA VOLUBILIS (L. F) STAPF LEAVES IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
The ethanol extract of Wattakaka volubilis (L. f) Stapf. (Family: Asclepiadaceae) leaf was investigated for its antidiabetic effect in Wistar Albino rats. Diabetes was induced in Albino rats by administration of alloxan monohydrate (150mg/kg, i.p). The ethanol extract of Wattakaka volubilis at a dose of 150mg/kg of body weight was administered at single dose per day to diabetes induced rats for a ...
In recent times, focus on plant research has increased all over the world and a large body of evidence has collected to show immense potential of medicinal plants used in various traditional systems. Solanum nigrum (commonly called Makoi) is also a medicinal plant. A dietary intake of Solanum nigrum supplies our body with nutrients that offer protection against numerous diseases. All parts of this...
The manufacture of bi-layer tablets, produced by the sequential compaction of loose powder layers has recently become of increased interest within the pharmaceutical industry due to the tailored release profiles of active ingredients that may be obtained. In a bi-layer configuration, the immediate release layer of the bi-layer tablet has worked as the loading dose and the sustained release layer h...