EVALUATION OF ANALGESIC AND NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF METHANOLIC RHIZOME EXTRACT OF HEDYCHIUM CORONARIUM
This study was aimed to investigate analgesic and neuropharmacological actions of the methanolic extract of rhizomes of Hedychium coronarium. The analgesic activity was evaluated for its central and peripheral pharmacological actions using tail immersion method and acetic acid-induced writhing test in mice respectively. The extract, at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, produced a si...
This study evaluated the in vitro antioxidant and cytotoxic potential of methanolic extract of the rhizome of Costus speciosus (Zingiberaceae). The different antioxidants assays including total antioxidant activity, DPPH, nitric oxide (NO) scavenging, total phenolic content and flavonoid content were studied. Costus speciosus exhibited potent total antioxidant activity which was expressed as an eq...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF ACTIVE SECONDARY METABOLITES PRESENT IN WITHANIA SOMNIFERA ROOT: ROLE IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE
Medicinal plants are a source of naturally active compounds used extensively by tribal people worldwide for many ailments. Withania somnifera (WS) is one such plant used to treat many ailments from the time of Ayurveda. Extraction of the bioactive plant constituents from the whole plant or from the different parts of the plant has always been a challenging task. As the dried roots of WSare w...
ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES OF TRADITIONALLY USED MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR ENTERIC INFECTIONS BY ADIVASI’s (BHUMKA) IN MELGHAT FOREST (AMRAVATI DISTRICT)
Medicinal plants are a major source of therapeutic agents since time immemorial. Tribal and rural community from their parents on folklore medicines acquires incredible knowledge of phytomedicine in non-coded form. With the repeated discussions and consultations with Tribal and Bhumkas, we selected 36 different medicinal plants of 30 families used against enteric infections form Melghat forest (Am...
ANTIRHEUMATOID ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF PIPER LONGUM ON FREUNDS ADJUVANT-INDUCED ARTHRITIS IN RATS
Aqueous extract of the fruits of the plant Piper longum was studied for their Anti rheumatoid activity in Freunds Adjuvant Induced Arthritis Rats with the dose of 200 and 400 mg/kg p. o. The administration of extract reported significant reduction in paw swelling on 4th, 8th, 14th and 21st day after sub-plenter administration of Complete Freunds adjuvant. The paw swelling was measured as a volume ...
Chalcones are 1, 3-diphenyl-2-propene-1-one, consist of two aromatic rings linked by a three carbon α, β-unsaturated carbonyl system. The chemistry of chalcones has generated intensive scientific studies throughout the world. Especially interest has been focused on the synthesis and biodynamic activities of chalcones. These are considered to be precursors of flavonoids and isoflavonoids. The aim...
Heterocyclic compounds are acquiring more importance in recent years because of their pharmacological activities. Pyrazolones have a particular value due to their broad spectrum of biological activity and their wide ranging utility as synthetic tools in the design of various bioactive molecules. Pyrazolone is a five membered lactum ring, containing two nitrogen and one ketonic group in its structu...
Most of the new chemical entities coming out from High-throughput screening in drug discovery process are failing due to their poor solubility in the water. Poorly water-soluble drugs show many problems in formulating them in conventional dosage forms. One of the critical problems associated with poorly soluble drugs is too low bioavailability. The problem is even more complex for drugs belonging ...
Transdermal drug delivery system (TDS) is not practically for delivery of materials whose final target is skin itself. Application topical agents generally offer many problems such as rashes, skin irritancy and burning sensation etc due to higher percutaneous absorption of drugs on the skin. Some conventional dosage e.g., gels and ointments which are often aesthetically unappealing, greasiness and...
The present study was undertaken to find out the potential of gum from Almond gum to act as a binder and release retardant in tablet formulations. No significant work has been reported to use it as a tablet binder. The effect of almond gum and pvp on the release of diclofenac sodium was studied. The FT-IR spectroscopic studies of drug, gum and mixture indicated no chemical interaction. Seven formu...