Overweight and obesity rates have been increasing sharply over recent decades in all industrialized countries, as well as in many lower income countries. According to the WHO World health statistics report 2012, globally one in six adults is obese and nearly 2.8 million individuals die each year due to overweight or obesity 1. Obesity is a close marker of important aspects of individual life style...
DESIGN AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SOLID DISPERSED FEXOFENADINE HYDROCHLORIDE BUCCAL FILM BY CENTRAL COMPOSITE DESIGN
Fexofenadine Hydrochloride (FHCl) is a second generation antihistaminic drug which is used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria. It is a BCS class II drug and has high first pass metabolism leading to low oral bioavailability. Drug-inclusion complex with 2HPβCD was prepared by kneading method and characterized for solubility study, FTIR study and in vitro dissolution study. Nine di...
Hunteria is a genus of plant in family Apocynaceae. It comprises of 12 species but more prevalent are Hunteria umbellata and Hunteria zeylanica. Taditionally H. umbellata have been used in the treatment of yaws and sexually transmitted infections, stomach ache, ulcers, diabetes mellitus and dysmenorrhoea. H. zeylanica is used to cure profile but its prolonged use, particularly, at high doses shoul...
FORMULATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF DILTIAZEM HCL MATRIX TABLETS BY EMPLOYING ELECTROLYTES WITH GUM KONDAGOGU
The objective of the present investigation is to prepare and evaluate the sustained release matrix tablets of Diltiazem HCl using a natural polymer Gum kondagogu. Diltiazem HCl was formulated as sustained release matrix tablet formulations with natural polymer by employing pharmaceutically acceptable electrolytes. Electrolytes such as Sodium carbonate, Magnesium carbonate and Calcium carbonate wer...
Simple, sensitive and convenient spectrophotometric methods (method A and method B) are developed for the determination of diclofenac diethylamine (DDEA) in pure form and in formulations. Method A is based on the oxidation of drug by Fe(III) followed by the complex formation between reduced form of Fe(III) with 1,10-phenantroline. The resulting red colored chromogen is measured at 510 nm. Method B...
Artemisia vulgaris leaves are known to have anectodatal evidence of antioxidant activity which can be of use as an anti – stress remedy. However, this claim is yet to be proven and no available data on its adaptogenic potential hence, this study aimed to determine the adaptogenic potential of Artemisia vulgaris leaf extract on male albino rats using acute restraint stress. Six male albino rats w...
This work involves synthesis of pyrazolyl thiazine derivatives from different chalcones [1(a-b)] synthesized from substituted acetophenones and different aromatic aldehydes in basic medium by Claisen-Schmidt reaction. These chalcones [1(a-b)] on condensation with different hydrazides [2(a-b)] and isothiocyanates [3(a-b)] when irradiated with microwaves (20%, 140watts) in scientific microwave o...
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTIULCER ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF WATTAKAKA VOLUBILIS (LINN.F.) STAF AND TABEBUIA ROSEA (BERTOL.) DC IN RATS
The aim of this study was to compare the antiulcer activity of methanolic extracts of Wattakaka volubilis (Linn.f.) Staf and Tabebuia rosea (Bertol.) DC in rats. The anti-ulcer effect was evaluated using Anti secretary model (chemical induced pylorus ligation). Ranitidine were used as standard drugs for ulcer studies. The extracts were administered orally at 500 mg/kg. The result of the present st...
PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF NYCTHANTHES ARBOR-TRISTIS ON SCOPOLAMINE INDUCED AMNESIA IN RATS “A BEHAVIOURAL AND BIOCHEMICAL APPROACH”
The hydroalcoholic extract of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (HeNAT) leaf was prepared using Soxhlet apparatus. Memory impairment (amnesia) in male albino rats induced by scopolamine hydrochloride was recorded as transfer latency time (TLT) in EPM model; escape latency time (ELT) and time spent in Q4 target quadrant (TSTQ) in MWM model. Scopolamine markedly decreased the TLT over 2 min, ELT, TSTQ over 9...
Adverse drug reactions in the form of toxic epidermal necrolysis is a rare but potentially fatal disorder. The pathophysiology of such reactions are not properly understood. There are many drugs which are very often implicated for causing such severe reactions. Allopurinol is a common drug used in chronic gout but also notorious for causing Steven - Johnson syndrome and rarely toxic epidermal necr...