We have carried out solid supported ,solvent free condition, microwave assisted rapid synthesis of 1- (2,5- substituted diphenyl)-1, 3, 4- oxadiazol -3(2H) - yl) ethanone (3a-3k) by cyclization of N'- (substituted phenyl methylidene) substituted benzohydrazide (2a-2k) in the presence of acetic anhydride and silica gel ( solid support) for 3-4 minutes by microwave irradiation giving excellent...
IN-VIVO CHARACTERIZATION OF TRANSDERMAL PATCHES OF ALISKIREN HEMIFUMARATE FOR TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION
The low bioavailability of drugs in the oral drug delivery system is the main concern and the development of a delivery system with a controlled release profile. This research aims in the dose reduction of aliskiren hemifumarate, evaluate the release efficacy of the drug from the patches by using various permeation enhancers. FTIR studies established the drug and polymer compatibility. The transde...
DETECTION OF RHINOVIRUS AND SOME DNA/RNA VIRUSES BY REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE REAL-TIME PCR AND THEIR IMMUNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION IN IRAQ: MOLECULAR AND IMMUNOLOGICAL STUDY
Background and Objectives: Acute upper respiratory tract infections are the most frequent acute illnesses worldwide. This study has been undertaken for determining the diagnostic importance of Human Rhinovirus and other associated DNA/RNA viruses including human Respiratory Syncytial virus; Human Metapneumovirus; Human parainfluenza virus 1-4; human coronavirus; Human B, C, and E Adenovirus; and H...
EFFECT OF ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS ON SERUM AMYLASE AND LIPASE IN PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION
Introduction: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are a class of potential drugs used as first-line agents for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure in physiologically young patients despite its side effects. Apart from the other common side effects, they are known to induce bradykinin release which alters vascular permeability leading to pancreatic edema resulting in intrapan...
Dapagliflozin (DAPA) is a drug of gliflozin class. It is a white crystalline solid. Dapagliflozin is a selective sodium-glucose co-transporter subtype 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor with antihyperglycemic activity. Dapagliflozin blocks glucose reabsorption into the kidney, resulting in the elimination of blood glucose through the urine. DAPA is not official in any pharmacopeia. It comes under EU Pharmaceutic...
Targeted genome engineering provides the ability to precisely modify genetic information in order to study gene function, biological mechanisms, and disease pathology. Historically, random mutagenesis or low-efficiency homologous recombination were used to modify the genomes of cell lines or animal models. However, new advances in the design of sequence-specific endonucleases have enabled more eff...
The purpose of this research was to develop novel solid dispersions (SDs) of BCS class IV drug, canagliflozin hemihydrate (CFZ) using Eudragit® E PO (EE PO) as a carrier, to enhance its solubility and dissolution rate. Solvent evaporation technique was used to prepare SDs. The SDs were evaluated for saturated solubility, in-vitro dissolution study, solid-state characterization using FTIR, DSC, XR...
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive metabolic disorder affecting nearly 20% females, globally. Though Rotterdam consensus is widely used for assessment, it lacks definite diagnostic guidelines. Absence of PCOS guidelines for adolescent and post-menopausal women might be influencing the prevalence data. The prevalence varied with ethnicities and found high in urban than rural. Amon...
EVALUATION OF MINIMUM INHIBITORY CONCENTRATION OF CHLORAMPHENICOL FOR SALMONELLA SPP. ISOLATED FROM ENTERIC FEVER CASES IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN IMPHAL
Chloramphenicol was introduced as the effective antibiotic in the treatment of typhoid fever. Resistance started to develop within two years of its introduction. The emergence of antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria is closely linked to the irrational use of antibiotics. The sensitivity/resistance pattern of Salmonella spp. had been varying with time and geographical locations. Changing trends...
SURVEILLANCE AND ASSESSMENT OF ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS AND COMPARISON WITH THE RETROSPECTIVE STUDIES IN A SECONDARY CARE HOSPITAL
Adverse drug reactions are considered to be among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Approximately 5-25% of hospital admissions are due to ADR’s, and 6-15% of hospitalized patients experience serious adverse drug reactions (SADR’s), causing significant prolongation of hospital stay. The adverse drug reactions reported were classified based on Wills and Brown classification, Causali...