Withania somnifera belongs to the Solanaceaefamily, commonly known as Ashwagandha, Indian ginseng or Winter cherry. It is an important commercial medicinal crop, considered as similar to Panax ginseng in Chinese medicine. Different parts of this plant are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments. It provides defense against diseases, adverse environmental factors and help...
EVALUATION OF ANALGESIC AND NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF METHANOLIC RHIZOME EXTRACT OF HEDYCHIUM CORONARIUM
This study was aimed to investigate analgesic and neuropharmacological actions of the methanolic extract of rhizomes of Hedychium coronarium. The analgesic activity was evaluated for its central and peripheral pharmacological actions using tail immersion method and acetic acid-induced writhing test in mice respectively. The extract, at the doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, produced a si...
VISUAL ESTIMATION AND SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF TANNIN CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF THREE COMMON VEGETABLE
Antioxidant activities of different vegetables Bitter gourd, Tomato and Spinach (Momordica charantia, Lycopersicon esculentum, Spinacia oleracea) were determined. In addition, rapid visual estimation of tannin content, total phenolic, tested for their free radical scavenging activity (FRSA) in the DPPH (1, 1-dephenyl- 2-picrylhydrazil radical) of those samples were assessed. A new technique was us...
Methanolic extracts of the tuber of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius were investigated for its antihelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma and Tubifex tubifex. The extract with the concentrations of 25, 50 and 100 mg/ml were tested in the bioassay, which involved determination of time of paralysis and time of death of the worms. The extract exhibited significant antihelmintic activity at highest...
BIOSYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES USING ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI ASPERGILLUS CONCIUS, PENICILLIUM JANTHINELLUM AND PHOMOSIS SP.
The present study of seventy one endophytic fungi isolated from Avicennia marina, Suaeda monica and Rhizophora mucronata plant leaf. Among 34 genera and 71 species was identified by Lactophenol cotton blue mounting techniques. To induce the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNO3) using Aspergillus conicus, Penicillium janthinellum and Phomosis sp. And evaluate their antimicrobial potential. T...
A study was undertaken to evaluate the antioxidant potential of two species of Tinospora viz Tinospora cordifolia and Tinospora sinensis on a comparative basis. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of both the species were subjected to in vitro antioxidant activity screening models such as DPPH, ABTS, nitric oxide and superoxide radical scavenging activity, inhibition of lipid peroxidation, reduction of...
ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTY OF COMMONLY FOUND MICROALGAE SPIRULINA PLATENSIS, NOSTOC MUSCORUM AND CHLORELLA PYRENOIDOSA AGAINST SOME PATHOGENIC BACTERIA AND FUNGI
In the present study, three algal species (Spirulina platensis, Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Nostoc muscorum (ATCC 2789) were used to investigate their antimicrobial and antioxidant properties against some human pathogenic bacteria and fungi (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Micrococcus luteus and fungus Aspergillus luchuensis,...
KNOWLEDGE OF ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS AND PHARMACOVIGILANCE ACTIVITY AMONG THE UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS OF GUJARAT
Aims & Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze the baseline knowledge of awareness regarding the ADRs and Pharmacovigilance activity in the undergraduate medical students of different Medical Colleges in Gujarat, India. Material and Methods: Questionnaire was developed to assess the knowledge of the ADRs and Pharmacovigilance activity. A total 18 questions were divided in two...
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF STEM OF NICOTIANA TABACUM
The parts of the Nicotiana tabacum plant have been known to possess a wide range of biological activities. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the antibacterial activity, phytochemical screening and the antioxidant activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of the stem of Nicotiana tabacum. The antibacterial activity was observed against two gram positive bacteria (Bacillus amyloiq...
PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF AEGLE MARMELOS, RUTA GRAVEOLENS, OPUNTIA DELLINI, EUPHORBIA ROYLEANA AND EUPHORBIA ANTIQUORUM
Plants are the local heritage with global importance. World is endowed with a rich wealth of medicinal plants. They represent and alternative treatment of non-serve cases of infections diseases. They are also the essential an integral part in complementary and alternative medicine and due to they which have developed the ability for the formation of various phytochemicals like terpenoids, steroids...