Herbal medicine plays an important role in rural areas, and various locally produced drugs are still being used as household remedies for different ailments. Acalypha hispida (Euphorbiaceae) is a plant popularly used in pharmaceutical used and as a commercial product. Hence, the need to explore the potential of this plant, especially in the area of traditional medicine and pharmaceutical industrie...
The serotonin syndrome is a life-threatening adverse drug reaction caused by a significant increase in the concentration of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) in the central nervous system. The aim of this study was to establish the effects of olanzapine, an antipsychotic drug, on the hyperthermic response in rat experimental serotonin syndrome. In this study, we used an animal model of the serotonin...
Background: Self-Nanoemulsifying Drug Delivery System (SNEDDS) has been employed extensively by the formulation of scientists to tackle the low solubility issues of various drugs and lift the bioavailability profile. But the potential of SNEDDS is not limited to augment the dissolution profile only. Objective: The objective of the study was to develop, optimization, and characterization of SNEDDS ...
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON PROXIMATE AND MINERAL COMPOSITION OF UNPROCESSED AND PROCESSED UNDERUTILIZED JERUSALEM ARTICHOKE TUBER FLOUR
Jerusalem artichoke is one of the underutilized tuber crops distributed worldwide in temperate areas. It is considered healthy and functional food due to its chemical composition as it contains proteins, mono or poly-unsaturated fatty acids, dietary fibers, vitamins, and minerals. In this present research work, the effect of processing on the proximate and mineral composition of Jerusalem artichok...
METHODS OF EXTRACTION AND FRACTIONATION OF BIO-ACTIVE COMPONENTS OF MORINDA COREIA FOR ANTI-TUBERCULAR AND ANTICANCER ACTIVITIES
In Asian countries, roots, barks, stems, leaves, and fruits of plants belonging to the Morinda species are considered as valuable traditional herbs. They are used in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer. Anti-tubercular and cytotoxic activities of Morinda citrifolia (noni) have been reported, but Morinda coreia has not been explored ...
The ethanolic extract of Moringa oleifera leaves & methanolic extract of rose hips of Rosa damascena were first subjected to various phytochemical tests and further assessed for their antioxidant activity by DPPH method. Different ratio of two drugs in the polyherbal formulation were based on antioxidant activity in albino Wistar rats. Thirty rats (180 -250 g) of either sex were randomly divid...
EVALUATION OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF MACROTYLOMA UNIFLORUM SEEDS ON INHIBITION OF CALCIUM OXALATE CRYSTALLIZATION- IN-VITRO
Seeds of Macrotyloma uniflorum Linn. (Fabaceae) are widely used for treatment in kidney stones in India. In This study evaluates the in-vitro effect of methanolic extract of Macrotyloma uniflorum (MEMU) on calcium oxalate crystallization. A methanolic extract of M. uniflorum seeds at different concentrations (250-1500 μg/ml) was subjected to in-vitro crystallization activity. The obtained results...
BIOSYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES USING METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF BULB OF ZEPHYRANTHES CITRINA
In the present study, an eco-friendly, cost-efficient, rapid and simple approach was applied to the synthesis of silver nanoparticles by using a methanolic extract of bulb of Zephyranthes citrina. The metal salt was reduced to ions by metabolites present in bulb extracts. The plant extracts acts both as a reducing agent as well as a capping agent. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characte...
This experimental study had approved by animal ethics of Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, and had undertaken to evaluate the antidyslipidemic and anti-oxidant activities of Nigella Sativa (N. Sativa), Hindi name Kalonji seeds extract in two models of hyperlipidemia. 1- triton and 2- cholesterol-rich high-fat diet (HFD) induced hyperlipidemia. N. Sativa and Gemfibrogil were macerated with ...
IN-VIVO AND STABILITY STUDIES OF DRY POWDER INSUFFLATION CONTAINING TERBUTALINE SULPHATE AND ITRACONAZOLE NANOPARTICLES FOR THE TREATMENT OF ASTHMA
The present research was envisaged on the development of dry powder to treat asthma. Terbutaline sulphate (a bronchodilator) and Itraconazole (an antifungal) were used in the present study for bronchodilation and allergy to Aspergillus fumigatus (fungi) using lactose and trehalose as excipients. Dry powder insufflations were prepared by physical mixing (milling) and spray drying, out of which spra...