VARIATIONS IN PHENOLICS, ANTIOXIDANT AND PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SALVADORA PERSICA IN TWO LOCATIONS
Phenolic extracts of crude oil and methanol extracts of defatted seed cake were used to evaluate total phenolics, flavonoids content and antioxidant activity for two locations. The seeds were evaluated for their proximate composition while oils were subjected to chemical analysis. Salvadora persica had highest phenolics ranged from 12.3 ± 0.3 to 22.3 ± 0.3mg GAE/g and flavonoids content 3.7 ± 0...
Benzimidazoles are an important class of compounds with a wide spectrum of biological activity ranging from anti-hypertensive, anti-viral, anti-fungal, antitumor and anthelmintic activity. Benzimidazole rings are the most important nitrogen-containing heterocycles, which are widely explored and utilized by the pharmaceutical industry for drug discovery. Due to their special structural features and...
Antibiotic efflux pumps appear a major component of microbial resistance to many classes of major antibiotics namely the tetracycline, the macrolides, and the fluoroquinolones. These are totally synthetic, amphiphilic compounds with no known ‘natural’ counterpart, antibiotic efflux appears sufficient per se to confer a medium or high level of resistance, defeating medically applicable treatmen...
A NOVEL HPLC METHOD FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF CHLORPHENIRAMINE MALEATE AND DEXTROMETHORPHAN IN BULK AND PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION
Chlorpheniramine maleate and Dextromethorphan are used in treatment of cough caused by allergies and the common cold by decreasing intra ocular pressure. The present study was designed to develop and validate a simple, sensitive, precise and accurate reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of Chlorpheniramine maleate and Dextromethorphan i...
In this article, we have reviewed several features of nanomicelles relating to their general properties, preparation and characterization techniques, and their applications in the areas of ocular drug delivery system. Nanomicelles can be rummage-sale as 'smart drug carriers' for targeting certain areas of the eye by making them stimuli-sensitive or by attachment of a specific ligand molecule onto ...
Dietary nitrate has been demonstrated to have a range of beneficial vascular effects, including reducing blood pressure, reduction in pulse wave velocity, regulation of cerebral blood flow, enhancing exercise performance in healthy individuals, stimulating angiogenesis and vasculogenesis etc. Earlier studies with nitrate or nitrite also demonstrate the synergistic effects against ischaemia-reperfu...
Oxidative stress is one of the factor that initiating development of cataract and describes the events leading to lens opacification, generally cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye that will affect the vision either partially or completely. Proteins that are present in the lens begin to break down and the lens becomes cloudy. This will be avoided by taking external food supplements that a...
NEUROPROTECTIVE ROLE OF HERB ECLIPTA ALBA LINN. ON ACUTE AND CHRONIC UNPREDICTABLE STRESS INDUCED BEHAVIORAL, BIOCHEMICAL AND NEURO-TRANSMITTER ALTERATION IN WISTAR MALE ALBINO RAT BRAIN
Chronic stress is a risk factor for the development of many psychopathological conditions in humans, including major depression and anxiety disorders and cognitive dysfunction. It is therefore important to focus on identifying possible mechanism to prevent these stress-induced disorders. Therefore, current study was designed to investigate the effect of Eclipta alba on chronic unpredicted stress (...
Objective: The present investigation of chemical constituents of Annona squamosa was undertaken as part of a wider study to find out the pharmacological active constituents present in this plant. So in this study, we investigate the pharmacological evaluation of previously isolated compounds (AS1-AS5) from the bark of Annona squamosa. Methods: The anthelminthic and antioxidant potential of the iso...
ROSMARINIC ACID ENHANCES CISPLATIN CYTOTOXICITY IN HEPG2 CELL LINE AND ATTENUATES ITS NEPHROTOXICITY IN MICE
The present study aimed to investigate the anticancer effect of rosmarinic acid (RA), both alone and in combination with cisplatin (cis). Also, the potential nephroprotective effects of RA against cis-induced nephrotoxicity in mice and the possible mechanisms underlying this protection were explored. Treatment of HepG2 cells with RA produced a significant decline in cellular proliferation. RA indu...