Volume 12 (2021) - Issue 12, December
Neurodegenerative diseases are progressive degeneration of certain nerve cells causing ataxias and dementia affecting millions of people worldwide. Transdermal drug delivery systems – “patches” represent an attractive alternative to the conventional method and have made an important contribution to the management of the various medical conditions. A transdermal patch is a medicated adhesive ...
Oral administration of drugs is considered a convenient route; however, various drugs that are insoluble in water or cannot permeate across gastrointestinal tract membrane cannot be delivered by this route. To enhance the permeability through the physiological barriers, lipophilic drugs are introduced but, lipophilic drugs have low oral bioavailability. To enhance the bioavailability, a third-gene...
Pharmaceutical preparation mostly contains active ingredients and excipients. The function of excipients to improve the physicochemical properties of pharmaceutical manufacturing products. In pharmaceutical preparation, polymer plays a key role act as excipients in any dosage formulation development. Polymers are derived from the source of natural and synthetic. The polymer should have basic prope...
In Organic chemistry, largest families of organic compounds belong to heterocyclic compounds. In place of a carbon atom incorporation of an oxygen, a nitrogen, a sulfur, or an atom of a related element gives rise to a heterocyclic compound..Heterocyclic compounds are of very essential for our day-to-day life. It has a broad range of applications in medicinal chemistry as well as in agrochemicals p...
The excavation for new delegates into the chemotherapeutic family and modernization of existing candidates are evergreen goals of cancer researchers. It is quite interesting to make out that the plant kingdom has gifted us with an array of anti-cancer compounds, reporting over 60% of the drugs today coming out from natural sources such as plants, marine organisms, and micro-organisms. With the evo...
A CRITICAL REVIEW ON NIDIGDHIKADI LEHA IN THE MANAGEMENT OF RECURRENT UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION IN CHILDREN
Upper respiratory tract infections are the major cause of childhood morbidity leading to limit the day to day activities and school absenteeism. Diseases like tonsillitis, cough, and cold account for the maximum respiratory tract morbidities. Studies document that, in developing countries, on average, every child has five episodes of acute respiratory infections per year accounting for 30%-50% of ...
EUPHORBIA HIRTA LINN – AN INVASIVE PLANT: A REVIEW OF ITS TRADITIONAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Euphorbia hirta Linn. (Euphorbiaceae), commonly known as ‘Dudhy’ is an annual medicinal herb of Kumaun Himalaya Uttarakhand. It is an invasive plant used in conventional medicine to treat various diseases such as gastrointestinal disorders, respiratory system disorders, and asthma. The present review is designed to compile updated information on E. hirta, including its medicinal uses, phytoche...
In spite of huge investigations, the pathology of Alzheimer’ sdisease (AD) is uncertain. Vessels dysfunction is a critical mark of AD. Research has stated like beta-amyloid (Aβ) results augmented vascular development in brains, a pathway observed in AD patients. In AD, cerebral endothelium releases pro substances for β-amyloid plaque and neurotoxins that kill cortical neurons. Vascular vulnera...
Background: In the field of pediatrics, a number of herbo-metallic preparations are available which tend to enhance immunity in children. Various Ayurveda texts have mentioned these preparations, especially gold formulations like Swarna Prashan, Suvarnabindu, Suvarna Vacha, Kumarabharana Rasa etc. in children, and many clinical studies have also been published to establish their safety and efficac...
In recent years, it has been reported that many herbal plants contain antiviral agents which combat a human disease that is caused by pathogenic viruses. The natural products which are obtained from plants as antiviral agents against viruses have gone through researches to check the efficacy and potentials of the herbal products in the prevention of viral disorders. On the basis of randomized cont...
IVABRADINE AND METOPROLOL: A REVIEW OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR PHARMACEUTICAL QUALITY CONTROL AND MONITORING
Beta-blockers are widely used in combination with Ivabradine in people with coronary heart disease (CHD), one of the leading causes of death. Thus, monitoring of these drugs is important because it is accessible to manage heart failure amongst people with CHD. In addition, its quality control is fundamental to provide quality medicines. Method of analysis can be the first step in the rational use ...
Hydrogels were the primary biomaterials developed for human use. Hydrogels are playing an increasing role in regenerative medicine attributable to their growing functional sophistication. Polymer scaffolds have many diverse applications within the field of drug delivery, tissue engineering, and implantation. They are used as dispensing devices for bioactive molecules and as three-dimensional (3D) ...
MALE INFERTILITY: A REVIEW ON SPERMATOZOA PROTEOMICS AND FERTILITY-ASSOCIATED BIOMARKERS IDENTIFICATION
Male infertility has remained a complex multi-factorial disease and needs advanced molecular studies. The development of effective diagnostic capabilities has resulted in the desire to create minimally invasive tests to help in the understanding of the etiology of male infertility. In recent times, research on human sperm proteomics has gained momentum and provides detailed information regarding s...
Oral ulcers have been a source of diagnostic difficulty. This has been due to the overlap in their clinical appearances. The problem is complicated because a number of oral ulcers may be superimposed by infections due to their easy access to the oral cavity and the thin nature of the oral mucous membrane is an additional challenge to their diagnosis. While the diagnosis of some types of oral ulcer...
Ticagrelor is a platelet aggregation inhibitor. It is used for the prevention of stroke, heart attack, and other events in people with the acute coronary syndrome, meaning problems with the blood supply in the coronary arteries. It acts as a platelet aggregation inhibitor by antagonising the P2Y 12 receptor. Its half-life is up to 12 h with the hepatic type of metabolism and biliary excretion. Thi...
MUCORMYCOSIS (THE BLACK FUNGUS) ASSOCIATED WITH COVID-19 PATIENTS- EPIDEMIOLOGY, PATHOGENESIS, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT REGIMES
Mucormycosis is an opportunistic fungal infection caused by a member of the order Mucorales. It is an angio-invasive fungal infection because of its propensity to invade blood vessel walls, resulting in catastrophic tissue ischemia (restriction in blood supply to tissues, causing a shortage of oxygen that is needed for cellular metabolism), infarct (tissue death that is necrosis) due to inadequate...
The earliest anecdotes of ‘medical device’ dates back thousands of years. In 7000 BC, Neolithics used flint-tipped drills and bowstrings for dentistry. However, regulation of medical devices has only happened recently. Modern medical devices are used for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease. This industry is one of the most dynamic, disruptive, and fastest-gro...
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by red, scaly and raised patches, and it has affected nearly 2-3% of the population worldwide. This skin disorder occurs when the immune system sends faulty signals that result in the speeding up of the skin cell cycle. Psoriasis is histologically characterized by marked hyperproliferation of keratinocytes, neutrophils, and a dense inf...
Azetidinones (Azetidin-2-ones), more commonly known as β-lactams, are well-known heterocyclic moieties among the medicinal compounds mainly because of their diverse pharmacological activities such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, anti-HIV, anti-parkinsonian, antidiabetic and antitubercular activities. Various com-parative studies of current azetidinone derivatives show an alar...
Medicinal plants are a reservoir of biologically active compounds with therapeutic properties, and in that context, Opuntia ficus indica and other Opuntia species are of immense importance because of their nutraceutical and pharmaceutical values along with their anti-inflammatory effects, hypoglycemic, anti-hyperlipidemic effects, anti-atherogenic and anti-spermatogenic potential. The cactus Opunt...
DEVELOPMENT OF BIOSIMILARS: AN OVERVIEW OF THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK IN INDIA, USA, EU; MAJOR CHALLENGES AND RELATED CASE STUDIES
A similar biologic product also called biosimilar, follow-on biologic, is highly similar in terms of quality, safety, efficacy with that of the reference product. These are the pharmaceutical products used as the prime treatment options in many chronic diseases and as substitutes for the primary treatment. For development and approval, each nation has adopted its own regulations, and some countrie...
ANTITOXIC EFFECTS OF GUM ARABIC (ACACIA SENEGAL) AND GUAR GUM (CYAMOPSIS TETRAGONOLOBUS) AGAINST HEPATORENAL TOXICITY INDUCED BY MERCURIC CHLORIDE IN RATS
Heavy metal accumulates mostly in the liver and kidney as these organs involved in the detoxification and excretion of foreign materials. In the present study, we explored the effect of Gum Arabic (GA) and Guar Gum (GG) on mercuric chloride (HgCl2) induced hepatorenal toxicity. Twenty-eight adult male albino rats “Sprague Dawely” weighing 250-300 g were divided into four equal groups: the firs...
Isolation, identification, culturing, and chemical screening of a marine-associated bacterial strain, S6.2, were performed in this study. Anti-MRSA analysis of its extract was also conducted. Strain S6.2 was isolated from an unidentified red marine sponge and identified as Zooshikella kangwensis by 16S rDNA sequencing and biochemical characterization. On marine agar, the colonies embedded in the m...
Memantine hydrochloride is a medicine used to medicate patients with moderately severe to severe Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders; because of mechanisms of neuroprotection, the efficiency of memantine have been delivered in preclinical and clinical experiments. Several approaches for preparing memantine hydrochloride have been announced. The process began with 1,3-dimethyl...
HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF DORSTENIA BRASILIENSIS AGAINST ACUTE HEPATITIS INDUCED BY ACETAMINOPHEN AND CARBON TETRACHLORIDE IN MICE
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of extract of D. brasiliensis (CEDb) on acute liver injuries induced by both acetaminophen, and carbon tetrachloride in mice as an initial step to validate its popular use. A liquid-chromatography method coupled to Mass Spectrometry showed the presence of coumarins dorstenin, bergapten, and psoralene in CEDb. Swiss albino male mice were pre-treated...
ANTAGONISTIC MECHANISM OF ANTI-FUNGAL COMPOUNDS FROM ASPERGILLUS GIGANTEUS ON HUMAN FUNGAL PATHOGENS
Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida albicans are the major causative agents for infections, cryptococcosis, and candidiasis in human. Anti-fungal drugs for the treatment of fungal infections may show less effective activity on the pathogens due to the poor absorption or inadequate drug distribution, and some pathogens may evolve anti-fungal drug resistance. The development of anti-fungal drugs fro...
EVALUATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF CALLUS TISSUE FROM INTERNODE EXPLANTS OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS OF JATROPHA GOSSYPIIFOLIA LINN.
Jatropha gossypiifolia Linn. (Euphorbiaceae) is an ornamental shrub extensively used in traditional medicine for various ailments. In view of its potential medicinal properties, an attempt has been undertaken to devise an efficient protocol for in-vitro propagation from the internodes explants of J. gossypiifolia for a rapid and large-scale production as well as to study the phytochemical composit...
ESTABLISHMENT OF QUALITY STANDARDS FOR SHYONAK: AN IMPORTANT INGREDIENT OF THE DASHMOOLA GROUP OF DRUGS
Shyonak is botanically equated to Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz. of family Bignoniaceae. It is extensively used in the Indian system of medicine as an important ingredient of ‘Dashmoola and also one of the important constituents of a reputed Ayurvedic formulation ‘Chyavanprash’. The drug consists of root bark of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz. Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API) advocates that t...
STABILITY INDICATING HPLC METHOD FOR PARACETAMOL, CAFFEINE, PHENYLEPHRINE HCL, CHLORPHENAMINE MALEATE AND ITS IMPURITIES IN FLUCOLD TABLET DOSAGE FORM
Paracetamol, caffeine, phenylephrine, and chlorphenamine maleate are available on the market to treat pains, psychoactive disorders, and bronchopulmonary disorders. The objective was to develop a single HPLC method to determine paracetamol, caffeine, phenylephrine HCl, chlorphenamine maleate, and its impurities in flu cold tablets combination dosage form. No analytical method is available to asses...
AN EFFECTIVE AND FACILE VOLTAMMETRIC STUDY OF ATRACURIUM BESILATE AT FUNCTIONALIZED MWCNTs MODIFIED GLASSY CARBON ELECTRODE
In the present study, a modified glassy carbon electrode by a conductive film containing, i.e., functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (f-MWCNTs) was selected for the determination of atracurium besilate (in short ACB), an anesthetic drug by applying the cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse anodic adsorptive stripping voltammetry (DP-AASV) techniques. Herein, nanomaterials suspensi...
ELECTROCHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF ANTI-DEPRESSANT DRUG MIRTAZAPINE EMPLOYING NAFION/f-MWCNTs COMPOSITE AT GLASSY CARBON ELECTRODE
A nafion plus functionalized-multiwalled carbon nanotubes modified glassy carbon electrode (f-MWCNTs/GCE) was developed for the determination of anti-depressant drug mirtazapine (MIR). The electro-chemical behavior of the molecule was investigated employing cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronocoulometry (CC), and differential pulse adsorptive stripping voltammetry (DPASV). The surface morphology of the...
ANALYSIS OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS, ANTI-MICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF MEDICINAL WEED SONCHUS OLERACEUS L. USING RAPD MARKER
In present study, Himalayan weed Sonchus oleraceus extracts are screened for the occurrence of bioactive compounds, anti-microbial activity, and its molecular characterization using RAPD. The agar well diffusion method was used to detect anti-microbial activity of aqueous, methanol, chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts of S. oleraceus. The anti-microbial activity of different extract was checked ...
Usage of medicinal plants for the treatment of various diseases had been started from 1500 BC onwards. Loss of cognition is one of the age-related mental problems and a characteristic symptom of neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s. Various natural drugs are used for treatment of Alzheimer’s and Parkinsonism, but Available drugs provide symptomatic treatment with known side effects. So...
DETERMINATION OF RESIDUES OF FLUOROQUINOLONES IN POULTRY MEAT BY HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY
Three analytical methods were developed for the determination of selected fluoroquinolones in chicken meat by high performance liquid chromatographic technique. In each method, we took two fluoroquinolones (Danofloxacin and difloxacin; Ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin; Ofloxacin and pefloxacin) research study. Rapid, simple and sensitive sample treatment procedures were developed and used to extract...
Dental caries is one of the serious bacterial diseases of the oral cavity caused by diverse Streptococcus species. Streptococcus mutans strains displayed remarkable genotypic and phenotypic diversity. Glucosyl transferase genes are recognized as essential enzymes leading to biofilm production, the destruction of the ecosystem of normal bacterial communities, and the development of dental caries. T...
DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF MUCOADHESIVE BUCCAL PATCHES OF SALBUTAMOL SULPHATE BY USING HUPU GUM AND LANNEA GUM
The purpose of the present investigation is to evaluate the applicability of hupu gum and lannea gum in the design of buccoadhesive patches for extended-release over a period of 6 hours, using Salbutamol sulphate as a model drug. The efficiency of these polymers was compared with already established synthetic polymer PEO coagulant. The patches were prepared by using the solvent casting method in w...
ANALYTICAL QUALITY BY DESIGN APPROACH FOR DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF UV-SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD FOR ESTIMATION OF CANAGLIFLOZIN IN BULK AND FORMULATION
The present work deals with the development and validation of a novel, robust, precise, and accurate UV-spectrophotometric method for the estimation of canagliflozin in bulk and formulation using the principle of Analytical Quality by Design (AQbD). A central composite design (CCD) was employed for initial parameter screening and method optimization. Different statistical parameters were evaluated...
The objective of the present research is to enhance the solubility and improve the rate of dissolution of poorly water soluble drug aceclofenac, which belongs to BCS class II. Enhancement of solubility was be achieved by converting the poorly water-soluble drugs into Bionanocomposites (BNCs) by using natural carriers, which ultimately leads to enhance the bioavailability of drug entities. Bionanoc...
AMINO ACID PROFILING AND PROTEIN CONTENT DETERMINATION OF BOVINE MILK COLLECTED FROM DIFFERENT TEHSIL OF SINGRAULI DISTRICT
Milk and milk products are nutritious food items containing numerous essential nutrients. This study was carried out to determine the influence of variable season on profiling of amino acid and protein content from 90 bovine milk collected (March 2018 to February 2019) samples belongs to four tehsils of Singrauli district. The most abundant amino acid was glutamic acid, followed by proline and leu...
GENERALIZED ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELLING AND ITS APPLICATION IN PERFORMANCE PREDICTION OF SUSTAINED RELEASE MONOLITHIC TABLETS
Artificial Intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence. From delivering simple groceries to doorsteps to solving the toughest task in scientists’ lab, it is surrounding human life in all the means. So how can the Pharma industry be untouched in the case of AI?! Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is a type of AI used to solve non-linear problems and predict the output for given input parame...
This study aimed to determine for taste masking & design of Oro dispersible tablet of an anticholinesterase agent (Donepezil HCl) to achieve the patient compliance. Oral dispersible tablet prepared by compression method. The Anticholinergic activity assure by evaluation, drug dissolution, stability testing and standardize the oral dispersible tablet. On the basis of the preformulating and form...
Gastric acid hypersecretion is a major cause of gastric complications like hypergastrinemia, hyperhistaminemia and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Out of various drug treatments used, H2-receptor antagonists possess some limitations, such as the development of tolerance when used for a long period, having a short duration of action, and no complete inhibition of acid secretion in response to a meal. I...
SYNTHESIS, SPECTRAL CHARACTERIZATION, AND IN-VITRO ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY SCREENING OF SOME NOVEL 2-HYDROXY QUINOLINE DERIVATIVES
In an attempt of synthesizing some novel and potent antioxidant activity having compounds, here some novel quinoline derivatives are reported. Initially using Vilsemeir-Hack reagent method 7-methyl or 8-methyl substituted 2-cholro-3-formylquinolines (Ia, b) were prepared. Further 7-methyl or 8-methyl substituted 2-hydroxy quinoline-3-carbaldehyde (IIa, b) were synthesized by the reaction of compou...
EXPLORATION OF ANTI-HYPERGLYCEMIC POTENTIAL OF HERBAL MIXTURE IN STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED TYPE-II DIABETES IN RATS
Indigenous plants like Withania coagulans fruits. Alstonia scholaris bark and Aegle marmelose leaves have been used for diabetes management by traditional Indian people for a long time. The present study was carried out to investigate anti-hyperglycemic potential of an herbal mixture comprising of extracts of these three plants in streptozotocin-induced diabetes in Wistar rats and to focus on its ...
Natural products offer great hope in the identification of bioactive compounds and their development into drugs for the treatment of various diseases. The present study aims to evaluate the antioxidant potential of Portunus pelagicus. P. pelagicus (Station-I) possessed 33.14% of inhibition, the highest DPPH activity, whereas Station II and Station III showed 31.42% and 30.85% of inhibition. Portun...
APPLICATION OF PLACKETT–BURMAN DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS IN THE IDENTIFICATION OF “MAIN FACTORS” IN THE FORMULATION OF DABIGATRAN ETEXILATE MESYLATE IMMEDIATE-RELEASE TABLETS
The current research paper was focused on exploiting Plackett-Burman design to screen the effect of eight factors Pregelatinised Starch (A), Crospovidone (B), Microcrystalline Cellulose PH 101 (C), Talc (D), Magnesium Stearate (E), Hydroxy Propyl Methyl Cellulose (F), Hydroxy Propyl Cellulose (G) and Lactose Monohydrate (H) on the release of drugs from the Immediate release DEM Cocrystal tablets p...
Candesartan is an angiotensin receptor blocker, used as an anti-hypertensive drug. It is available in the salt form of cilexetil i.e.; Candesartan cilexetil belongs to class II of the Biopharmaceutical classification system. It is a poorly soluble drug, and the bioavailability is 15%. The intention of the study is to improve the solubility of the poorly soluble drug, Candesartan cilexetil using th...
IN-VITRO AND IN-SILICO STUDIES ON SELECTED PHYTOCONSTITUENTS OF MITRAGYNA PARVIFOLIA (ROXB.) STEM BARK FOR ANTI-CANCER ACTIVITY
Cancer is a dreadful disease all over the world. The death rate had been increasing because of different types of cancers even though several drugs, treatment models and regimens are invented by scientists. Natural drugs have been showing remarkable results in the treatment of different cancers with less or no side effects. Advancements in screening methods using computer aided tools helping the r...
ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS FROM PATIENTS WITH DENTAL CARIES: EVALUATING THE ANTI-BACTERIAL EFFICACY OF THE AZADIRACHTA INDICA EXTRACTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF PERIODONTITIS
Periodontitis is a common infection occurring among a wide range of population globally. Streptococcus mutans is found to be the predominant pathogen responsible for dental caries. The present study concentrates on isolation and identification of the predominant pathogen from patients suffering from dental caries. The isolates were grown on various selective and differential media. Biochemical tes...
In pharmaceutical research, the transdermal route of drug delivery has gained great interest, Trasferosomes is a novel vesicular drug carrier system that is composed of water, surfactant, and phospholipids; these were introduced in the early 1990s. The mechanism on which drugs absorb through skin is “osmotic gradient”. Transferosomes, when applied on the skin surface it diffuses into skin laye...
WRIST ACTION SHAKER: A NOVEL METHOD FOR COLLECTING POLLEN GRAINS FROM THE INFLORESCENCE OF COCONUT (COCOS NUCIFERA L.) FOR ITS STABLE NUTRITIONAL COMPONENTS
To predict the cocos anther dehiscence, a novel method was devised to compile the colossal amount of pollen grains. The matured inflorescence enveloped by the spathe was collected and the anther dehiscence were noticed day by day until the shedding of entire pollen. This study was experimented for a period of eight months between (February) 2018 to 2018 (September). After an experimental trails, s...
VALIDATED UFLC-MS/MS METHOD FOR THE QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATION OF PALIPERIDONE IN RABBIT PLASMA; ADAPTABILITY TO IN-VIVO BIOAVAILABILITY STUDY
A simple gradient ultrafast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the quantitative estimation of paliperidone in rabbit plasma matrix as per USFDA, and EMA guidelines using a stable isotope-labeled paliperidone-d4 was added as an internal standard. The separation was achieved on a Hypersil BDS C18 column (4.6 mm × 10 cm, 5 µm) with the mobile phase...
Nanotechnology has gained a lot of importance and application in agriculture in the last decade. The present work was focused on the synthesis and characterization of magnesium oxide nanoparticles and on studying the effect of these nanoparticles on wheat (PBW-677 variety). Magnesium oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical synthesis method and were characterised by using UV- Visible spect...
CYTOTOXICITY, ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF TEN PLANTS FROM THE BENIN PHARMACOPOEIA USED FOR ORAL CARE
This study aims to valorizeten medicinal plants traditionally used for oral care in Benin by producing scientific data on their toxicities, antimicrobial activities, and chemical properties. The ten medicinal plants (Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, Vitellaria paradoxa, Prosopis africana, Dialium guineense, Pseudocedrela kotschyi, Parkia biglobosa, Azadirachta indica, Diospyros mespiliformis, Anogeissu...
The Screening of medicinal plants for the new bioactive compounds leads to the development of new anti-microbial drugs that possess lesser cost and greater safety and efficacy. The increasing bacterial resistance exhibited by microorganisms causing skin infections has led to the research on medicinal plants. Argemone Mexicana Linn is a weed that shows multiple health benefits. All the parts of the...
NEUROPROTECTIVE EFFECT OF MADHUCA LONGIFOLIA LEAF EXTRACT AGAINST COLCHICINE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTION AND BIOCHEMICAL ALTERATIONS IN MICE
The goal of the research was to explain as a cognition enhancer the traditional claim of Madhuca longifolia (Sapotaceae) leaves. Dementia was activated by intracerebrovascular colchicine administration for 28 days. Madhuca longifolia leaves ethanolic extract was evaluated in mice for cognition-enhancing activity in colchicine-induced dementia using elevated plus maze (EPM), actophotometer, and bio...
The present study evaluated the antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of chloroform, hexane methanol, and petroleum ether extracts of Plumbago zeylanica (PEC, PEH, PEM, and PEP). Antimicrobial activities of the extracts were evaluated against gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus-ATCC 6538 and Bacillus cereus-NCIM 2155) and gram-negative bacteria (E. coli-ATCC 8739) along with cytotoxicit...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING, GC-MS ANALYSIS AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF CHLOROFORM AND ETHANOL EXTRACTS FROM PANICUM TRYPHERON LEAVES
This study was designed to evaluate the phytochemical findings for the presence of Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Phenols, and Terpenoids, and the phytochemical profile of chloroform and ethanol extracts of Panicum trypheron were analyzed using GC-MS (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry) method. The leaves were dried, powdered, and soaked in chloroform and ethanol, then subjected to GC-MS analysis by usi...
METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF CILNIDIPINE AND OLMESARTAN MEDOXOMIL IN TABLET DOSAGE FORM BY UPLC USING DAD
Olmesartan Medoxomil and Cilnidipine combination lowers blood pressure effectively. Olmesartan Medoxomil is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), and Cilnidipine is a calcium channel blocker (CCB). Cilnidipine and Olmesartan Medoxomil are widely used in hypertension. The scope of the study is to optimize the chromatographic conditions to develop a new RP-UPLC method for the simultaneous estimatio...
EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND TIME OF ROASTING ON THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ANTIMICROBIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CINNAMON BARK OIL
The purpose of the present study was to examine the influences of roasting and the effects of roasting temperature and duration on the chemical composition of cinnamon bark oil and to extend our knowledge concerning the changes in antioxidant activity, antimicrobial activity, physical properties such as colour, refractive index, density and contents of cinnamaldehyde and other components of cinnam...
Rabies is a fatal viral disease which is caused by negative sense, single-stranded RNA virus belonging to Rhabdoviridae family of genus Lyssavirus, Rabies Virus (RABV). It is transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal and directly affects the CNS of the host (neurotropic). Sources of human rabies deaths are dogs (99%), cats, bats, etc. Rabies holds the seventh position in the world for causing the ...
OPTIMIZATION OF CULTURAL CONDITIONS TO ENHANCE BIOACTIVE METABOLITE PRODUCTION BY STREPTOMYCES OLIVOVERTICILLATUS VLK-15
The study was designed to optimize cultural conditions for enhanced production of bioactive compounds by Streptomyces olivo-verticillatus VLK-15 isolated from mangrove ecosystem of South Coast of Andhra Pradesh, India. The soil dilution plate technique was employed for the isolation of actinobacteria using starch-casein agar (ISP-6) medium. The potent strain was identified as Streptomyces olivov...
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF FIRST-ORDER DERIVATIVE UV-SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF FLUVASTATIN SODIUM IN FORMULATION
A simple, accurate, precise and sensitive first-order UV - Spectrophotometric assay method has been developed and validated for the quantitative estimation of fluvastatin sodium in pharmaceutical dosage forms. The solvent to dissolve the drug and for dilutions, methanol was used. The absorption maxima of fluvastatin sodium in methanol after derivatized into the first-order derivative was found to ...
Background: The present work aimed to evaluate the sustained release antipsychotic activity of formulated biodegradable mucoadhesive guar gum microspheres of atypical antipsychotic drug Olanzapine (OLZ) for intranasal delivery and to reduce the dose-related side effects of the drug olanzapine. Guar gum microspheres of Olanzapine were fabricated and designed by O/W emulsion solvent evaporation tech...
IN-VITRO ANTHELMINTIC EFFECTS OF MEDICINAL PLANT CASSIA FISTULA EXTRACT ON THE TEGUMENT OF FASCIOLA GIGANTICA BY LIGHT MICROSCOPE
The efficacy of alcoholic Cassia fistula leaves extract on the tegument of Fasciola gigantic was studied by light microscopy. Live liver fluke Fasciola gigantica parasites were collected from the infected liver and bile duct of freshly slaughtered domestic goat (Capra hircus) at the local zoo abattoir in Udaipur. Liver flukes F. gigantica were maintained in 0.9% physiological saline and divided in...