Volume 5 (2014) - Issue 12, December
AMBULATORY BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING: A NON-INVASIVE GOLD STANDARD FOR HYPERTENSIVE THERAPY
Blood pressure (BP) is one of the major prognostic indicators in cardiovascular patients and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Accurate measurement of BP is important to classify an individual to confirm BP related risk and to continue treatment. The limitations of conventional technique can be surpassed by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). ABPM strengthens its superiority ...
A REVIEW ON AYURVEDIC MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR EYE DISORDERS FROM ANCIENT TO MODERN ERA
The management of eye disorders by chemical drugs without any side effects is still a challenge to the medical system. But the herbal medicines have potential to overcome the limitations associated with conventional drugs. Therefore; many efforts have been made to identify new medicinal plants from different sources because of their effectiveness, fewer side effects and relatively low cost. Approx...
IMPORTANCE OF FLUOROQUINOLONES IN HUMAN HEALTHCARE: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW
Fluoroquinoloes are a very important group of antibacterial agents that are widely prescribed for the treatment of infectious diseases in humans. These agents have excellent bioavailability and good tissue penetration with antimicrobial activity against pathogens especially resistance to other class of antimicrobial drugs. This article gives a comprehensive review on different aspects of fluor...
MIMOSA PUDICA LINN- A SHYNESS PRINCESS: A REVIEW OF ITS PLANT MOVEMENT, ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS, USES AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY
To cure all aliments of mankind, nature provides a complete store house of remedies for time honored period.In legume family, Mimosa is one of the largest genera which distribute more than 500 species. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review on plant movement, chemical constituents, pharmacological activities and uses on Mimosa pudica, sensitive plant. Its habitat are lowland tropi...
LIQUISOLID TECHNIQUE: A NOVEL APPROACH FOR SOLUBILITY ENHANCEMENT
Liquisolid Technique is one of the novel approach for drug delivery system for oral route. Bioavailability of any drug is mainly dependent upon its dissolution rate and dissolution rate is dependent upon solubility of that drug. So, if any drug has less solubility then of course its bioavailability will be less. Hence there is need of enhancement of solubility of poorly soluble drugs for enhancing...
EVALUATION OF HYDROXYPROPYLMETHYLCELLULOSE (HPMC) HYDROGEL MATRIX FOR DELIVERY OF TRIAMCINOLONE
The main purpose of this study was to evaluate hydrogel matrix systems of hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) for oral release of poorly water-soluble drugs, by using triamcinolone (TR) as drug model. The influence of HPMC ratio (%) and compaction force (Kgf) on system performance were studied. Thus, several batches of tablets containing 10 mg of TR were prepared using distinct proportions of HPMC...
THE PROTECTIVE ROLE OF COLCHICINE ON DICLOFENAC SODIUM INDUCED HEPATORENAL TOXICITY IN ALBINO RATS MODEL
Diclofenac (DIC) is a widely used as an anti-inflammatory drug and it is used as the toxicant in hepatoprotective studies. In the present study, hepato-renal protective activity of Colchicine against DIC induced liver and kidney injury in albino rats was assessed. Animals were injected with Diclofenac sodium at the single dose of 150 mg/ kg body weight daily for 28 days. Oral administration of col...
THE NON-ENZYMATIC ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF FICUS CARICA L. SUBSP. CARICA LEAVES AND ITS ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES AGAINST FOOD PATHOGENS
The aim of this work was to investigate of the antimicrobial and antioxidant potentials of methanol extracts from Ficus carica. Methanol extracts were screened for antimicrobial activity against different species of Gram positive andGram negative bacteria and one yeast. The methanol extract of Ficus carica showed maximum inhibition zone of 10 mm against Listeria monocytogenes. In addition to, the ...
ACUTE AND SUBACUTE TOXICITIESOF THE AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF SIMAROUBA AMARA AUBLET STEM BARK
The decoction of Simarouba amara stem bark has been used to treat malaria, inflammation, diarrhea and as tonic. The aim of this study was to evaluate acute and subacute toxicities of the aqueous extract of S. amara stem bark (SAAE) in rats and mice, respectively. For the acute toxicity test, the SAAE was administered in a single oral dose of 2.0 g/kg (n = 5/group/sex) and in the subacute, the foll...
ADEMETIONINE IN TREATMENT OF DRUG INDUCED LIVER INJURY: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY IN RUSSIAN PATIENTS, RECEIVING IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE THERAPY FOR PSORIASIS
Background: Drug induced liver injury (DILI), especially; due to use of immunosuppressive agents is a growing concern. Lack of awareness about available treatment options limits its management. This observational study was conducted to characterize Russian population receiving ademetionine as a hepatoprotectant against DILI triggered due to immunosuppressive drugs. Methods: A total of 105 patients...
ENHANCEMENT OF ARNICA MONTANA IN-VITRO SHOOT MULTIPLICATION AND SESQUITERPENE LACTONES PRODUCTION USING TEMPORARY IMMERSION SYSTEM
Arnica montana L. (Asteraceae) is a valuable medicinal plant species, endemic to Europe, which is threatened in many countries due to its overharvesting. The increasing market demand requires development of an effective method for A. montana rapid propagation, offering the possibility for its field cultivation as an alternative to plant gathering from nature. Three in -vitro culture systems were c...
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF ESSENTIAL OIL FROM LEAVES AND FLOWERS OF INULA VISCOSA (L.) IN AL-QADMOUS REGION, SYRIA
Leaves and flowers of Inula viscosa (L.) were collected from fields in Al-Qadmous, Syria. Essential oil was isolated by classical method of hydro distillation using the Clevenger-type apparatus. Its chemical composition was analyzed by GC/MS. The analysis led to the identification of48 and 43 components in flowers and leaves, respectively. Essential oils were characterized by a high content of oxy...
ELECTROCHEMICAL BEHAVIOUR OF OMEPRAZOLE INTERACTING WITH MYCIN DERIVATIVES AND DOXYCYCLINE
The interaction of omeprazole with different types of antibiotics was investigated in biological buffer at physiological pH=7.4 by using electrochemical (cyclic and linear sweep voltammetry) method. The reduction processes of omeprazole in the absence of and in the presence of azithromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin and doxycyclline are irreversible. Omeprazole interacts in solution with antib...
CHARACTERIZATION AND STANDARDIZATION OF THE HERBAL DRUG BACCHARIS TRIMERA (LESS.) DC AND ITS LYOPHILIZED EXTRACT
Baccharis trimera is used in traditional medicine in South American countries for treatment of diseases, such as digestive disturbances, rheumatism, diabetes and inflammatory processes. Given its pharmacological potential, the aim was to characterize the vegetal drug B. trimera and attain and standardize its lyophilized extract to use as raw vegetal material in the development of phytotherapeutic ...
SYNTHESIS, BIOLOGICAL EVALUATION AND MOLECULAR PROPERTIES PREDICTION OF 1, 3, 5-TRISUBSTITUTED 2-PYRAZOLINE DERIVATIVES
A number of trisubstituted 2-pyrazolines which are known for their biological importance like antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitubercular, analgesic, anticancer, antimalarial, anti-viral, antihelmentic activities are prepared by reacting chalcones with phenyl hydrazine in absolute ethanol in presence of pyridine. In the present investigation an attempt has been made for the synthesis of 2-pyr...
GASTROPROTECTIVE POTENTIAL OF BIOACTIVE FRACTION FROM LASIA SPINOSA RHIZOME ON EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED GASTRIC ULCERATION
Various parts of Lasia spinosa (Linn.) are widely used in North East region to manage wide range of disease but so for no scientific study was done to find out its pharmacological properties which may support its use in traditional medicine. Bioactive fraction (ethyl acetate fraction, LSE) from the methanol – water (80:20) extract of Lasia spinosa rhizome was evaluated for gastroprotective and...
QUORUM QUENCHING ABILITY OF DIETARY SPICE CINNAMOMUM VERUM ON PATHOGENIC BACTERIA
Quorum sensing is a bacterial cell communication mechanism mediated through signal molecules such as AHL’s. Many opportunistic pathogens use these quorum sensing circuits to coordinate their virulence gene expression. Wide range of naturally occurring substances particularly plant extracts have been evaluated for their ability to modulate quorum sensing in Gram-negative bacteria. Prelimi...
COMPARATIVE SYNTHESIS AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SUBSTITUTED 2-METHYLQUINOLIN- 4(1H)-ONE BY VARIOUS CONVENTIONAL AND MICROWAVE METHODS
In the present work various conventional methods and microwave method for synthesis of substituted quinolone reported. Substituted anilines were taken as a starting material and reacted with ethyl acetoacetate in presence of catalytic amount of acid and cyclized by various cyclisation agents that give the title compounds which differ in its color intensity, reaction time as well in %yield. Based o...
ABERRANT EXPRESSION OF WNT/BETA-CATENIN SIGNALING PATHWAY AND IN -VITRO CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY OF TRADESCANTIA SPATHACEA MEDICINAL PLANT USED TO TREAT HUMAN BREAST ADENOCARCINOMA (MCF-7 CELL LINES)
Cancer plays crucial role in human life and critical disease to cure. Signaling pathways involved in stem cells development process. Especially, Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays important role in stem cells self-renewal, differentiation and proliferation. Despite, over expression and mutation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway induced variety of cancer development. Anticancer activities of ...
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF NIGELLA SATIVA SEED OIL AND GINGER EXTRACT IN THE SAME DOSAGE FORM
The combination of Nigella sativa seed oil and ginger extract is used as antiulcer agent and to treat abdominal pain, diarrhoea and flatulence. The paper describes validated simultaneous equation method for the simultaneous estimation of Nigella sativa seed oil and Ginger extract in a combined dosage form. Nigella sativa seed oil and Ginger extract were found to have absorption maxima at 256 and 2...
PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT STUDIES ON AN IMPORTANT INDIGENOUS MEDICINAL PLANT-ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA (BURM.F) NEES
Andrograhis paniculata is a wonder drug using in traditional systems of medicine for multiple clinical applications. This research article deals with the phytochemical and antioxidant properties of A. paniculata leaves. Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analyses were carried out by TLC and HPLC method. Physico-chemical analysis was done to standardize the plant drug material so as t...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND GC-MS ANALYSIS OF ROOT EXTRACT FROM ASPARAGUS RACEMOSUS L.
The present chemical analysis deals with Asparagus racemosus root for phytochemical screening and GC-MS analysis. Phytochemical constituent of the root extract was carried out according to the standard method. GC-MS analysis was performed on the methanolic extract of A. racemosus to find out the chemical constituents. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, st...
DETECTION AND ISOLATION OF RESTRICTION ENDONUCLEASE LIKE TOPOISOMERASE FROM THERMOPHILIC BACILLUS SUBTILUS STRAIN RC1
Aims: Detection and isolation of restriction endonucleases like topoisomerase Thermophilic Bacillus subtilus strain RC1. Methods and results: Topoisomerase like enzyme activity is detected from thermophilc Bacilus sp. The isolated enzyme is partially characterized. The molecular weight of the enzyme is ~ 33 KDa and the optimum temperature for the activity is 37 0C. The crude and gel purified e...
ANALYTICAL METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOR SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF ZALTOPROFEN AND PARACETAMOL IN THEIR COMBINED SOLID DOSAGE FORM BYRP-HPLC METHOD
A simple, sensitive, linear, precise and accurate RP-HPLC method for simultaneous estimation of Zaltoprofen and Paracetamol in bulk and tablet formulation was developed and validated. The proposed RP-HPLC method utilizes Phenomenex C18 column (150 ×4.6 mm i.d., 5 µm), optimum mobile phase consisted of isocratic run of Phosphate buffer (pH-4.2): acetonitrile (40:60V/V) with the effluent flow rate...
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, ANTIMICROBIAL AND PESTICIDAL ACTIVITY OF ORGANOARSENIC(III) AND ORGANOANTIMONY(III) COMPLEXES WITH N∩S DONOR LIGANDS
Some new Sb(III) and As(III) complexes of N∩S donor ligands N’-[1-(2-oxo-2H-chrome-3yl-ethylidene] - hydrazinecarbodithionic acid methyl ester (L1H) and N’ - [1-(2-oxo-2H-chrome-3yl - ethylidene] -hydrazinecarbodithionic acid benzyl ester (L2H) have been synthesized. All the synthesized compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, melting point determinations and a combinati...
IN-VITRO ANTIFUNGAL SUSCEPTIBILITY REVEALS OCCURRENCE OF AZOLE AND ALLYLAMINE RESISTANCE AMONG CLINICAL ISOLATES OF CANDIDA ALBICANS AND CANDIDA NON ALBICANS FROM CENTRAL INDIA
Background: Drug resistance among Candida species constitutes the most significant problem in the treatment of Candidiasis.Systematic studies on antifungal drug susceptibility which may be useful in deciding clinical strategies are not routinely done in India and other developing countries. Objective: Aim of this study was testing sensitivity of clinical isolates of Candida albicans and non albica...
SPECTROFLUORIMETRIC STUDIES ON THE INTERACTION OF MOXIFLOXACIN WITH HERRING SPERM DNA
Moxifloxacin (MOX) is a fourth-generation synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent with many important therapeutic properties. Fluorescence measurement was used to study the interaction of MOX with herring sperm DNA (Hs-DNA) in Tris-HCl, buffer of pH 7.4. The intercalative binding mode and a static quenching mechanism were confirmed by the Stern-Volmer quenching rate constant (Kq) of 5.61...
GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY AND MASS SPECTROMETRY ANALYSIS OF SOLANUM VILLOSUM (MILL) (SOLANACEAE)
In the present study the bioactive compounds of Solanum villosum leaves extract were used to evaluate by GC – MS method. 50g of fine powder was packed with No.1 Whatman filter paper and placed in soxhlet apparatus along with ethanol. The crude extract were collected and dried at room temperature, 30˚C after which yield was weighed and then performed to GC-MS analysis. The Ethanol leaf extrac...
EFFECT OF Di-n-BUTYL PHTHALATE ON THE EPIDIDYMAL ANTIOXIDANT SYSTEM OF WISTAR RATS
The study evaluates the effect of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), a ubiquitous environmental contaminant, on epididymal antioxidant system of Wistar rats. Adult Wistar rats were orally administered DBP (500, 1000 and 1500 mg/ kg b.wt) for 7 days. Body weight increased significantly while caput and cauda epididymal weight decreased. Significant reduction in total protein concentration, lipid soluble an...
EVALUATION OF ALOE BARBADENSIS MILL. GEL ON LETROZOLE INDUCED POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME (PCOS) RAT MODEL- A DOSE DEPENDENT STUDY
Aim of the present study was to investigate the dose dependent effect of Aloe vera gel [5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg of dry weight for 60 days each group] on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) rat model. Charles Foster adult female (200-225 g weight) rats were treated orally with letrozole (non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor) at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg body weight daily for 21 days for PCOS model development, th...
DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF BILAYER FLOATING DOSAGE FORM OF CARBIDOPA AND LEVODOPA FOR TREATMENT OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE
The combination of Levodopa and Carbidopa is widely prescribed for Parkinson's disease. Levodopa easily crosses the blood-brain barrier and presumably converted to dopamine in the brain. Carbidopa inhibits decarboxylation of peripheral Levodopa but not of Levodopa within the central nervous system as it does not cross the blood-brain barrier. The purpose of present work was to develop bilayer floa...
IMMUNOLOCALIZATION OF METALLOTHIONEIN IN DIFFERENT TISSUES OF FRESH WATER CATFISH, CLARIAS GARIEPINUS ON EXPOSURE TO CADMIUM
Metallothionein (MT) is a cysteine-rich protein that binds to heavy metals, and it is induced by them. The objective of this study to identify the MT protein induction/expression and localization in liver and kidney tissues (treated with 20 mg/L of CdCl2 for 72 hours) by immunohistochemical techniques and Western Blotting methods in the fresh water catfish, Clarias gariepinus. MT expression (MT-I ...
BIOSYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES FROM MORINDA COREIA BUCH.-HAM. AND IT’S ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY
The synthesis of nanoparticles has become the matter of great interest in recent times due to its various advantageous properties and applications in various fields. Though physical and chemical methods are more popular for nanoparticle synthesis, the biogenic production is a better option due to eco-friendliness. Morinda coreia leaf ethanol extracts was screened for the synthesis of Silver nanopa...
HIGH-PERFORMANCE THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPTLC) METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF SOME AMINO ACIDS FROM TWO SPECIES OF MARCHANTIA
The objective of the present study is to develop a rapid HPTLC method for the identification, separation and quantification of some amino acidsfrom two species of Marchantia. Three different mobile phases were used for the separation and estimation of eight amino acids (alanine, glycine, methionine, threonine, valine, leucine, histidine and isoleucine). TheHPTLC analysis of Marchantia palmata and ...
EVALUATION OF α-AMYLASE, α-GLUCOSIDASE AND ALDOSE REDUCTASE INHIBITORS IN ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACTS OF ENDOPHYTIC FUNGI ISOLATED FROM ANTI-DIABETIC MEDICINAL PLANTS
Twenty two endophytic fungi were isolated from anti-diabetic plants Momordica charantia and Trigonella foenum-graceum. Ethyl acetate extracts of all fungal isolates were tested for inhibition of aldose reductase and carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes. Ethyl acetate extracts of nine endophytic fungi were found to be positive for α- amylase and α- glucosidase inhibitors. Crude extracts of fungal is...
ANTI MRSA AND ANTITUBERCULAR ACTIVITY OF PHENOXAZINONE CONTAINING MOLECULE FROM BORRA CAVES STREPTOMYCES SP. BCA1
An attempt was made to study the anti MRSA and antitubercularactivity of Streptomyces sp. BCA1 isolated from Borra Caves soil. In agar plug method, strain BCA1 showed 12-17 mm inhibition against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, including MRSA. Crude pigment produced from strain BCA1 by agar surface fermentation showed 15 – 17 mm inhibition in disc diffusion method against bacterial path...
ACUTE AND 28 DAYS REPEATED ORAL TOXICITY STUDIES OF A SIDDHA DRUG PIRANDAI UPPU ON WISTAR ALBINO RAT
Pirandai uppu (PU) a herbo mineral formulation has been employed as a traditional siddha remedy for diarrhea since long time. Diarrheal diseases remain one of a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world, particularly in developing countries. As a mandate, steps were taken to evaluate safety profile of PU in animal model under OECD guidelines. Acute toxicity studies done on female wista...
PREDICTION OF LD50 OF SOME COMMON PESTICIDES THROUGH QSAR (AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD TO SAVE EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS)
The most common test of acute toxicity is the LD50 test. LD50 means, the lethal dose of a substance that will kills 50% of animals. But this requires large number of animals. To reduce the sacrifice of animals. In present study we are using QSAR based software T.E.S.T. (toxicity estimation search tool 4.1 version) for predicting oral LD50. For prediction of oral LD50 we have taken 100 insecticides...
EVALUATION OF RATIONAL USAGE OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS IN THE PAEDIATRIC DEPARTMENT AT TERTIARY TEACHING CARE HOSPITAL, GUJRAT
Background: Prescription of drugs which needs to be continuously assessed and refined according to disease progression. It not only reflects the physician’s knowledge about drugs but also know the pathophysiology of diseases and attitude towards rational prescribing. Methods: Retrospective study was carried out by collecting 350 prescriptions containing antimicrobial agents of the indoor patie...
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF IONTOPHORETIC DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM OF L-TYROSINE
This study was aimed to design and develop iontophoretic drug delivery of L-Tyrosine in the treatment of phenylketonuria. The In-house iontophoretic drug delivery device was designed and validation was performed respect to Current intensity, Voltage, and Power Resistance. The study was also focused various parameters such as effect of different drug concentrations (2.5mg/5ml, 5mg/5ml, 10mg/5ml, 15...
COMPARATIVE ANTIBIOTIC POTENTIAL OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF POTATO TUBERS
Objective: Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a major world food crop next in production to maize, rice and wheat. Potatoes are a source of dietary energy due to their carbohydrate level and also contain a high value of vitamins. The objective of this study was determine the phytochemical constituents and antimicrobial activities of four common potato varieties developed by CPRI (Central Potato Rese...
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A RP-HPLC METHOD FOR THE ESTIMATION OF DAPAGLIFLOZIN IN API
An accurate, precise, specific and rapid RP-HPLC method was developed and subsequently validated for the determination of Dapagliflogin in API. Better separation of the drug was achieved on BDS column (250×4.5mm, 5µ) with a mobile phase consisting of a mixture of ortho phosphoric acid and acetonitrile (45:55 v/v) at a flow rate of 1ml/min, with detection at 245nm using Photo Diode Array (PDA) de...
THE EFFECT OF CINNAMALDEHYDE ON HIGH FAT DIET INDUCED WISTAR RATS – A PRELIMINARY STUDY
Anti-obesity effect of Cinnamaldehyde and Orlistat on High fat diet induced obese rats was investigated. 30 male wistar albino rats were divided into 5 groups: control group fed on normal standard diet; HFD group; Orlistat (HFD+ 50mg/kg body weight; CA (HFD+ 40mg/Kg body weight) and CA (HFD+ 80mg/Kg body weight) for 8 weeks. The anti obesity activity of CA and OR was estimated in terms of Food int...
IMPROVEMENT SOLUBILITY OF ATORVASTATIN CALCIUM USING SOLID DISPERSION TECHNIQUE
This study focused on an investigation of dissolution property of solid dispersion system consisting of drug, exipients, and carrier. The purpose of this study was to enhance the dissolution of Atorvastatin Calcium, a practically water-insoluble drug by preparation of solid dispersion using hydrophilic polymers and a carrier PEG 6000. Solid dispersion formulations were prepared by using The Melt S...
SIMULTANEOUS QUANTITATION AND VALIDATION OF CHLORPHENIRAMINE MALEATE, PHENYLPROPANOLAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE AND PARACETAMOL BY RP-HPLC IN BULK DRUG AND FORMULATION
A HPLC method has been described for simultaneous determination of Chlorpheniramine Maleate, Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride and Paracetamol in formulation. This method is based on HPLC separation of the three drugs on the Thermo Hypersil Gold C18 column(250mm ×4.6mm, 5.0µ), with isocratic conditions and mobile phase containing methanol: 0.01M disodium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate buffer pH 7 ...
ANTI DEPRESSANT ACTIVITY OF FRESH LEAVES OF TINOSPORA CORDIFOLIA MIERS (AMRUTHABALLI) IN ALBINO MICE
Objectives: To evaluate the antidepressant activity of fresh leaves of Tinospora cordifolia in albino mice. Materials and Methods: Swiss albino mice weighing 25-30grams of either sex were selected for the study. Six animals were allocated to each experimental group. Animals were divided into 4 groups of 6 mice each. Group 1 - Control group treated with normal saline (0.1ml/10gm), Group 2 received ...
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF LIBYAN SEAWEED EXTRACTS
Marine organisms are potentially prolific sources of highly bioactive secondary metabolites that might represent useful leads in the development of new pharmaceutical agents. The Libyan marine biodiversity including macroalgae remains partially unexplored in term of their potential bioactivities. Method: The phytochemical analysis of the alcoholic extracts of some commonly occurring seaweed Cystos...
NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICINAL VALUES OF SELECTED WILD CUCURBITS AVAILABLE IN SIMILIPAL BIOSPHERE RESERVE FOREST, ODISHA
Cucurbitaceae commonly known as “Guard family” is distributed throughout India. Most of them, are perennial climbers with attractive flowers. The family includes plants having food as well as medicinal values. The species of the family are collectively known as cucurbits. They grow wild as well as cultivated throughout the state in Odisha in general and Similipal Biosphere Reserve (SBR) forest...
STANDADADIZATION AND STABILITY INDICATING STUDIES BY RP-HPLC METHOD FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF CANDESARTAN CILEXETIL & HYDROCHLORTHIAZIDE IN TABLET DOSAGE FORM
A rapid, selective, precise, accurate, rugged and robust high performance liquid chrmatgraphic (HPLC) method for the simultaneous determination of Candesartan Cilexetil & Hydrochlorthiazide in tablet dosage form .The method was validated according to ICH and FDA guidelines. The chromatography is performed on a Kromasil C8, 150 x 4.6 mm, 5µm, in a gradient mode with a mobile phase of Water, ac...
COMPARATIVE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT HIGH FUNCTIONALITY EXCIPIENTS ON VARIOUS CHARACTERISTICS OF VARDENAFIL HCL TABLETS (BCS II DRUG)
Direct Compression is becoming a preferred manufacturing process in order to speed up the manufacturing and reduce costs. Although a major requirement for direct compression process is selection of excipients with the optimum physical characteristics that increase final flowability and compressibility of the ready for compression (RFC) tableting blend. By using combinations of excipients and novel...
EXPLORING ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AND DNA PROTECTION POTENTIAL OF CHONEMORPHA FRAGRANS
Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston is a liana belongs to family Apocynaceae. Due to its ethanobotanical importance, it is used intraditional medicinal systems as a part of various medicinal preparations. In the work presented here the plant has been explored for its antioxidant potential and DNA protection ability. The antioxidant potential of C. fragrans was determined using DPPH, FRAP, Phosphomo...
ACUTE AND SUB ACUTE TOXICITY STUDY ON SIDDHA DRUG RASA CHENDOORAM
Herbal and herbo mineral preparations are being traditionally used in Indian system of Medicine especially in Siddha Medicine. Herbo mineral preparations have longer Shelf life. Rasa Chendooram (RC) is prepared as per classical text book of Prana Rakshamirtha Sindhu, for Vadha diseases. Before conducting clinical trial, Pre clinical study should be undergone as per WHO guidelines .The clinical tri...
CONTROL OF RICE BLIGHT PATHOGEN XANTHOMONAS ORYZAE THROUGH HERBAL PLANT EXTRACT
Rice is the most widely cultivated food crop over world, whose production is effected by many diseases like as fungal, bacterial and viral. Bacterial blight disease of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae. Chemical substance like Bordeaux mixture, copper and mercurial compounds have been used. Extensive use of these chemical causes harmful impacts on human and environment. For reducing problems assoc...
INSILCO IDENTIFICATION OF SUITABLE ACETUYLCHOLINESTERASE INHIBITORS FROM MORINDA CITRIFOLIA LINN. WITH REFERENCE TO ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE
Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia accounting for about 50-60% of the overall cases among persons over 65 years of age is characterized by the progressive decline in cognitive function, mediated through learning and memory. According to Cholinergic hypothesis, AD is caused by reduced synthesis of the neurotransmitter ACh, wherein the AChE levels were increased which causes dam...
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON ADHATODA VASICA NEES. SEED
Adhatoda vasica Nees. has been used in India for more than 2000 years. The drug contains leaf, stem, flower, fruit and seeds. The fruit which holds the most potentialof the herb is a small capsule with four seeds. No reports are available for the pharmacognostical study of the seed, hence the present study was undertaken to investigate the macroscopic, microscopic, powder microscopic, physicochemi...
METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF LAMIVUDINE, TENOFOVIR AND EFAVIRENZ IN COMBINED TABLET DOSAGE FORM BY RP-HPLC AND UV-SPECTROSCOPIC METHOD
A rapid and sensitive RP-HPLC method with UV detection and UV spectrophotometric method for the determination of Lamivudine, Tenofovir and Efavirenz simultaneously in combined tablet dosage form was developed. Chromatography was performed with mobile phase containing a mixture of methanol: Water (pH adjusted to 2.5) and 0.1 % TEA in the proportion of (68: 32 % v/v) the samples were injected onto S...
SIMULTANEOUS DETERMINATION OF RESIDUAL NSAIDs AND ANTI-BIOTICS IN RAW MILK BY RP-HPLC
The presence of Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and β-lactam residues in foodstuff constitutes a potential risk to the human health and undesirable effects on consumers. Now-a-days these drug residues are also recognized as an emerging environmental problem. The present work describes the development of a sensitive, reproducible, and accurate method using liquid chromatography with...
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF THE ANTIDIABETIC PLANT RAVENALA MADAGASCARIENSIS
Ravenala madagascariensis Sonn. is one of the most popular medicinal plants in Madagascar, India and several African countries. It is used in the treatment of many diseases, and particularly in those of diabetes. The duration of treatment, often for life, and its relatively high cost for certain social categories, constrain more and more patients to use this plant. Its chemical constituents were s...
BIOLOGICAL SYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES OF ADIANTUM CAPILLUS-VENERIS L. AND THEIR EVALUATION OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY AGAINST HUMAN PATHOGENIC BACTERIA
To develop a novel approach for the biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using water extract of whole plant parts ofAdiantum capillus-veneris L. which has been proven to be active against human pathogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aereus, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia. Characterization of nanoparticles was determined by using Ultra Violet-Visible...
TRACE METAL ACCUMULATION IN VEGETABLES GROWN IN INDUSTRIAL AND SEMI-URBAN AREAS OF SINGRAULI DISTRICT OF MADHYA PRADESH INDIA
The study undertaken for trace metal accumulation by fly ash, coal and mines waste in Singrauli industrialized district of Madhya Pradesh, India, using atomic absorption spectrometry. Present studies were focused into three Industrial, semi-urban and rural areas. Mostly sources of trace metals to plants are the air or soil from which these elements are taken up by foliage or root. Soil grown veget...
STABILITY INDICATING METHOD OF CARBIDOPA AND LEVODOPA ASSAY IN CARBIDOPA, LEVODOPA AND ENTACAPONE FILM COATED TABLETS BY RP- HPLC
ABSTRACT: The present work describes high sensitive and reproducible method of Carbidopa and Levodopa assay in Carbidopa, Entacapone and Levodopa film coated tablet. It was developed by usingkromosil C18, 125mm × 4.0mm × 5µm column, mobile phase (A) phosphate buffer pH 3.8 and, mobile phase (B) methanol and water with gradient method. Retention time of carbidopa and levodopa is 3.83 and 1.8...
DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIMIZATION OF FAST DISSOLVING ORODISPERSIBLE FILM OF BACLOFEN USING 32 CENTRAL COMPOSITE DESIGN
The aim of present research work to develop and optimize orodispersible film of baclofen to improve bioavailability and patient compliance. Orodispersible films of baclofen were prepared by solvent casting method using HPMC E5 LV as a film forming polymer and propylene glycol as a plasticizer, crospovidone as a superdisintegrant and sucralose was added as a sweetener. The physical mixture of drug ...
A GREENER CHEMISTRY APPROACH FOR SYNTHESIS OF 4-(4-HYDROXYPHENYL)-6-METHYL-2-OXO-1,2,3,4 TETRAHYDROPYRIMIDINE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID ETHYL ESTER
The objective of present research work is to provide green technique for synthesis of 4-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-6-methyl-2-oxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid ethyl ester. Pyrimidine derivatives are well known in the pharmaceutical industry and exhibit to possess a broad spectrum of biological activities which makes their wider application as a key building block for pharmaceutical agents...
MICROWAVE ASSISTED SYNTHESIS & QSAR STUDY OF SOME NOVEL PYRAZOLYL THIAZINE DERIVATIVES
This work involves synthesis of pyrazolyl thiazine derivatives from different chalcones [1(a-b)] synthesized from substituted acetophenones and different aromatic aldehydes in basic medium by Claisen-Schmidt reaction. These chalcones [1(a-b)] on condensation with different hydrazides [2(a-b)] and isothiocyanates [3(a-b)] when irradiated with microwaves (20%, 140watts) in scientific microwave o...
TRYPSIN AND PROTEIN DENATURATION INHIBITORY ACTIVITY OF DIFFERENT FRACTIONATION AND ISOLATED COMPOUND OF LEAF AND ROOT OF JUSTICIA GENDARUSSA
Rheumatoid arthritis is a major ailment among autoimmune disorders. A large number of herbal extracts were used for the treatment of various types of rheumatoid disorder. The leaf and root of Justicia gendarussa belonging to Acanthaceae family, commonly known as Nilinirgundi is traditionally used for chronic rheumatism. The present study deals with in-vitro anti-arthritic activity in pharmacologic...
ANTIDIABETIC ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF HEARTWOOD OF BIJASAR (PTEROCARPUS MARSUPIUM ROXB.) IN STREPTOZOTOCIN-NICOTINAMIDE INDUCED TYPE 2 DIABETIC RATS
The antidiabetic potential of ethanolic extract of bijasar (Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.) heartwood was evaluated in the streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type 2 diabetic model. Graded doses of the ethanolic heartwood extract were administered to normal and experimental diabetic rats for 12 days. Significant (p < 0.05) reduction in fasting blood glucose levels were observed in the normal as we...