Volume 8 (2017) - Issue 7, July
A REVIEW ON NANOPARTICLE CROSS-LINKED COLLAGEN SHIELD FOR SUSTAINED DELIVERY OF DRUG IN GLAUCOMA
Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve. Progressive damage of the optic nerve will causes irreversible reduction in visual acuity; it leads to visual field loss and blindness. The main treatment of glaucoma is the reduction of intraocular pressure. Current therapy involves frequent administration of eye drops which results in poor patient adherence and therapeutic outcomes. This review is focusi...
A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON CANCER AND ANTICANCER HERBAL DRUGS
Cancer is a major public health burden in both developed and developing countries. It is an abnormal growth of cells in body that can lead to death and globally the numbers of cancer patients are increasing day by day. There are several medicines available in the market to treat the various types of cancer but no drug is found to be fully effective and safe. Herbal medicines have a vital role in t...
EFFLUX PUMP INHIBITORS: ENHANCE THERAPY AND CAUTERIZE TUBERCULOSIS
The requirement of drug resistance regularly to plague Tuberculosis control, with vast increase in the spreading of MDR-TB. It can act as a gateway to XDR-TB and then emphasis on the urgency for new drug development and optimal treatment option for Tuberculosis therapy. In this study, we assess the recommending for using Rifabutin (RFB) instead of rifampicin (RIF). The objective of this study and ...
LIQUISOLID TECHNIQUE: A REVIEW
Dissolution of drug and its release from the dosage form have basic impact on bioavailability. Bioavailability depends on solubility of drug. Solubility is major challenge for the pharmaceutical industry with the developments of new pharmaceutical products. There are several approaches for solubility enhancement which includes micronization, Nanonisation, use of salt forms, use of surfactant, soli...
BIOMARKERS – ITS ROLE IN MEDICINE
Biomarker is a measurable indicator of the severity or presence of some disease state. It is introduced into an organism as a means to examine organ function or other aspects of health. Biomarkers play a major role in medicinal biology. They help in early diagnosis, disease prevention, drug target identification, drug response etc. Several biomarkers have been identified for many diseases such as ...
COMPLICATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH ANGIOPLASTY
For certain people, heart disease treatment can be achieved without surgery. Angioplasty and stend placement are the common, non-surgical procedures that can be used to open the blocked heart arteries. This technique involves five different procedures including: Percutaneous coronary angioplasty, Peripheral angioplasty, Carotid angioplasty, Renal angioplasty and Venous angioplasty. Carotid angiopl...
REVIEW ON THE FIXED DOSE COMBINATION DRUGS AND THEIR INCOMPATIBILITIES
Incompatibility is an undesirable reaction that occurs between drugs, excipients, or with container. This may be therapeutic, chemical and physical incompatibility. Fixed dose combination provides challenge in product development due to incompatibility of two drugs. So severe degradation of drug in presence of each other. Formulation and stability difficulties arise with incompatible combination. ...
REGULATORY ASPECTS FOR IMPURITY PROFILING OF PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS: AN OVERVIEW
Pharmaceutical impurities are the organic and inorganic unwanted chemicals which are found in active pharmaceutical ingredient after synthesis or develop during formulation development. These impurities severely affect the safety and efficacy of developed pharmaceutical product. Impurity profiling detects and quantifies the levels of organic and inorganic impurities and thereby helps in better mon...
TREATMENT OF ENTERIC FEVER AND UNDIFFERENTIATED FEBRILE ILLNESS IN NEPAL: A REVIEW
Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever (also known as enteric fever, but collectively referred here as typhoid Fevers) are severe systemic illnesses characterized by sustained fever and abdominal symptoms. Treatment of typhoid fever becomes difficult by the development of multi-drug resistant of typhoid organisms especially to ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and chloramphenicol. In recent y...
β-CYFLUTHRIN-INDUCED IMPAIRMENT IN NEUROTRANSMITTERS, TESTICULAR FUNCTION AND GENE EXPERISSIONS OF MALE RATS: THE PROTECTIVE ROLE OF OMEGA-3
The present study was designed to evaluate the protective effect of omega-3 against β-cyfluthrin (β-cyf)-induced neurotransmitters’ impairment, oxidative damage, testicular toxicity and genotoxicity. Adult male Wistar rats were divided equally into four groups: Group (I): Control, Group (II): β-cyf (5 mg/kg body weight/day), Group (III): omega-3 (400 mg/kg body weight/da y) + β-cyf (5 mg/kg ...
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTESTINAL PROTECTIVE MARKERS AND SERUM ENDOTHELIN-1 CONCENTRATIONS IN LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS WITH HYPOXIC-ISCHEMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY
Perinatal hypoxia results in poor circulation in internal organs, causing damage to the intestinal mucosa. Here, we aimed to evaluate the role of endothelial vasoconstrictor function in the formation of the intestinal mucous barrier in low-birth-weight neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We comparatively analysed the concentrations of specific intestinal protective markers, i.e., ...
NEW INHIBITORS AGAINST accD3 GENE OF MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS, IN-SILICO STUDY AND IN -VITRO APPLICATION
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is a pathogenic bacteria species in the genus Mycobacterium and the causative agent of most cases of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death in the world from a bacterial infectious disease. This antibiotic resistance strain lead to development of the new antibiotics or drug molecules which can kill or suppress the growth of Mycobacterium tube...
THE EFFECT OF THYMOQUINONE ON THE miRNA PROFILE OF MCF-7 BREAST CANCER CELLS
Background and aim: Thymoquinone (TQ), which is the most bioactive component of Nigella sativa (Black cumin), exhibits anticancer characteristics based on cell culture and experimental animal studies. However, molecular action mechanisms of these effects are not clear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding RNAs of approximately 22 nucleotides, are an emerging class of gene expression modulators w...
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF DILTIAZEM HCl FAST DISSOLVING TABLETS USING DIFFERENT CO-PROCESSED EXCIPIENTS BY DIRECT COMPRESSION METHOD
The aim of present work was to prepare Diltiazem HCl Fast Dissolving tablets by Direct compression method because of their convenience in administration and suitability for patients having dysphagia using Co-processed excipients-Disintequik MCC25, Disintequik MCC, Lubritose MCC, Lubritose SD, Lubritose AN, NF Fast flow Lactose Monohydrate modified spray dried. The Prepared powdered blend and table...
PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND ANTI-OXIDATIVE PROPERTIES OF LANDOLPHIA HEUDELOTTI ROOTS
The roots of Landolphia heudelotti are employed in traditional medicine for the treatment of a plethora of ailments. In this study, the antioxidant activity and bioactive constituents of the methanol root extract were investigated. Fourteen known compounds including a lignan, neolignans, sesquilignans, a coumarin and an aromadendrane sesquiterpene were isolated from the root extract. The structure...
ANALGESIC AND ANTIPYRETIC ACTIVITIES OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA LEAVES
To study the analgesic and antipyretic activities of ethanolic extract of Bambusa arundinacea leaves (EEBA) in rats by using models tail immersion test, hot plate test and brewer’s yeast pyrexia model. Methods: The dried powdered leaves were extracted with ethanol and the resultant extract was subjected for phytochemical investigation to identify different phytoconstituents. Analgesic activity o...
HISTOPATHOLOGICAL ALTERATIONS IN KIDNEY DUE TO THE EFFECT OF VARIOUS STAGES OF NAGABHASMA (LEAD) PREPARATION
Background: Nagabhasma is a lead-based Ayurvedic medicine. Numerous reports indicate the toxic effects of lead used in this preparations on various systems of our body. But Ayurveda claims that the toxic effect of lead gets nullified thereby acquiring the medicinal property by following stringent and traditional method of preparation. Objectives: Therefore, the present study is designed to evaluat...
ACID AMINE COUPLING OF (1H-INDOLE-6-YL)PPIPERAZIN-1-YL)METHANONE WITH SUBSTITUTED ACIDS USING HATU COUPLING REAGENT AND THEIR ANTIMICROBIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY
Acid amine coupling of 1H-indol-6-yl(piperazin-1-yl) methanone with different acids has been synthesized in presence of HATU reagent, DIPEA base with DMF solvent at 45 °C 30 mins to yield Indole piperzine derivatives 3a-j. The structures of all the synthesized compounds have been characterised by elemental analysis and spectral studies like 1H-NMR and LCMS. Some selected Indole piperazine derivat...
TREATMENT WITH ORAL METAFOL L APPEARS TO PROMOTE RESTORATION OF LOST CUTANEOUS SENSATION IN DIABETIC PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY
The purpose of this research work is to determine whether Metafol-L improves sensory neuropathy in patient with Type 2 diabetes or not. In patients with diabetes mellitus, prolonged hyperglycemia can result in peripheral neuropathy (pain and/or loss of sensation in the extremities). Neuropathy issues may be related to Vitamin B deficiencies; therefore, the supplementation of Vitamin B12, Vitamin B...
DIFFERENT TYPE OF CELL DEATH INDUCTION BY CURCUMIN, ARSENIC TRIOXIDE AND DEGRASYN (WP1130) IN HUMAN MULTIPLE MYELOMA CELLS
Curcumin has been shown to inhibit the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), which is closely linked to chemo-resistance, in multiple myeloma cells. Malignant cells of this kind typically develop progressive multidrug resistance. Our aim was to investigate new possibilities for overcoming this resistance by suppressing cell signaling pathways. MTT-dye reduction assay was used to evaluate the ...
SOLUBILITY ENHANCEMENT OF BCS CLASS II DRUG USING LYOPHILISATION TECHNIQUE AND DETERMINATION OF BIOAVAILABILITY IN ANIMALS USING CATALEPSY MODEL
Ziprasidone HCl is a newly introduced atypical antipsychotic drug. It has its own unique multi receptor binding affinity. This makes it a unique special choice of antipsychotic agent. It mainly acts as antagonist of D2 dopamine receptors as and 5HT2A (serotonin, 5HT, 5-hydroxytryptamine) receptors. It is pinkish brown colored powder having very low solubility in water (21.12 mg/L). The main purp...
ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL CONSTITUENTS AND IN VITRO ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF METHANOLIC STEM EXTRACT OF CARALLUMA ATTENUATA
The main objective of the present study includes the assessment of nutritional constituents and anti-oxidant activity of methanolic stem extract of Caralluma attenuata by in-vitro methods. In the present investigation the author has identified the phytochemical constituents which have nutritional importance by specific chemical tests, thin layer chromatography, atomic absorption spectroscopy for C...
PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF SEEDS OF MUCUNA PRURIENS BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY MASS SPECTROMETRY
Mucuna pruriens is a climbing legume used in the treatment of various ailments. It is commonly known as Cowitch or velvet bean. Traditionally, it was used in treating male infertility. The main aim of this study was to identify the bioactive materials present in the methanol extract of Mucuna pruriens seeds by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) technique. The analysis by GC-MS reveals th...
ORAL EXTENDED RELEASE DRY SUSPENSION OF PARACETAMOL LOADED MICROSPHERES
Background: A novel reconstitutable suspension of Paracetamol loaded microspheres was prepared using ethyl cellulose as a release controlling polymer and by solvent evaporation technique for the relief of osteo-arthritic pain. Objective: The formulation was developed to enhance patient compliance of population suffering from dysphagia or have difficulty in swallowing oral solid dosage forms like t...
ANTIOXIDANT, ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF SOLANINE ISOLATED FROM SOLANUM NIGRUM AND ITS CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY ON THE HEP-2 AND AGS CELL LINES
Solanum nigrum is a well known traditional medicinal plant. This study was intended to isolated active compound from the Solanum nigrum leaf. Solanine were isolated and purified from leaves of Solanum nigrum by using acid extraction along with alkaline precipitation methods and results shows that leaves of Solanum nigrum found to good sources of Steroidal glycol-alkaloids together with their struc...
OPTIMIZATION OF TETRABENAZINE TABLET FORMULATION TO MEET THE REQUIRED DISSOLUTION PROFILE AND CONTENT UNIFORMITY
An approach to determine the relationship between independent process variables and their two level four factor partial factorial design was adopted, composite of experiment design was applied to optimize a tablet formulation of Tetrabenazine (TBZ) Tablets 25mg containing high percentage of Lactose Anhydrous, Sodium starch Glycolate, Magnesium Stearate and Starch / Lactose Ratio. The particle size...
SOFT CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF Ag DOPED ZnO NANOPARTICLES: ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND IN VIVO ACUTE NANOTOXICOLOGICAL IMPACT ON SWISS ALBINO MICE
In this research work Zn1-xAgxO1-δ (where x = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20) nano powders were synthesized via simple soft chemical method using corresponding metal nitrates and alkali precipitant. Sodium hydroxide was used as a precipitant during the synthesis. The prepared samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, particle size analysis, SEM, EDAX analysis and TEM. The ...
AN EFFICIENT SYNTHESIS OF 2-AMINOBENZOTHIAZOLE AND ITS DERIVATIVES IN IONIC LIQUIDS
The 2-aminobenzothiazole moiety and its derivatives have immense importance in medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry as a potent biologically active molecules. The synthesis of 2-aminobenzothiazole derivatives carried out from substituted phenyl thiourea which is synthesized by substituted aniline in ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium) bisulphate ([BMIM] + [HSO4]-), (1-butyl-3-methylimidaz...
POST OPERATIVE DELIRIUM IN ELDERLY PATIENTS UNDERGOING HIP SURGERY: DIAZEPAM VERSUS HALOPERIDOL
Post-operative delirium is transient global disorder showing reduced cognition, altered consciousness and psychomotor activity as well as deranged sleep-wake cycle. For elderly patients undergoing hip surgery, the reported incidence varies from 16% to 62% with average rate of 35%. Pharmacotherapy management of post-operative delirium may entail use of drugs belonging to groups like sedatives, ...
AN IN VITRO COMPARATIVE STUDY ON ANTIOXIDANT, ANTIBACTERIAL AND NUTRACEUTICAL PROPERTIES OF THREE DIFFERENT COLOURED SCENTED RICE VARIETIES OF NORTH- EASTERN REGION
The present study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant, antibacterial and nutraceutical properties of three coloured scented rice varieties grown in North Eastern region. The study for the analysis of Nutraceutical content involved more than five contents to find a significant correlation of the all the rice varieties. Antioxidant activity was measured using hydrogen peroxide and 2, 2-dipheny...
RELATIVE EXPLORATION OF IN-VITRO ANTI- INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITIES OF DIFFERENT ARTOCARPUS SEED EXTRACTS
The study was undertaken to investigate and compare in vitro anti inflammatory activities of five varieties of hexane and methanol seed extracts each, specifically Artocarpus heterophyllus, Artocarpus integrifolia, Artocarpus hirsitus, Artocarpus inciscus and Artocarpus integer of Artocarpus species belonging to the family Moraceae by means of most prominent membrane stability assay. Results revea...
ASSESSMENT OF PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL OF UNDERUTILIZED PEAR (PYRUS PYRIFOLIA) AND PLUM (PRUNUS DOMESTICA) FROM INDIGENOUS HIMALAYAN REGION OF HIMACHAL PRADESH
The present investigation revealed the phytochemical constituent, antioxidant potential and correlation between antioxidant activities with total phenol and flavonoid contents of fruit extracts of Pyrus pyrifolia and Prunus domestica from local Himalayan region of Himachal Pradesh, India. The total phenolic content was estimated by using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent method, whereas, flavonoid content w...
IN-VITRO ANALYSIS OF CINNAMOMUM VERUM FOR FORMULATION OF BIO-ACTIVE COSMETIC GEL
Plants have always been traditionally used to address various disorders. Due to their rich phytochemical profile, they have been employed in a gamut of skin care and concomitant treatment of disorders. In this Study, we screened the aqueous (CAE), hydroalcoholic (CHE) and ethanolic (CEE) extract of leaves of Cinnamomum verum for its activities The antioxidant potential of the extracts were determi...
BIO-ANALYTICAL METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ETHINYL ESTRADIOL WITH ETHINYL ESTRADIOL-D4 AS INTERNAL STANDARD IN HUMAN K2-EDTA PLASMA BY LC-MS/MS
A sensitive method was developed to determine Ethinyl Estradiol in human plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (LC–MS/MS). Separation of analyte and the Internal Standard (IS) Ethinyl Estradiol-d4 using SPE followed by LLE in plasma with TBME, was performed on a LC/MS/MS-API-5500 instrument with SB C18 HT (50mm×3.0mm) 1.8 µm columns at a flow rate of 0.300 ml/min with mobil...
STUDY OF THE ANTIDEPRESSANT AND ANTINOCICEPTIVE ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF RHIZOMES OF ZINGIBER OFFICINALE IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS
Objective: Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), a well-known spice plant, has been used traditionally in the treatment of a wide variety of ailments. The main objective of the work is to evaluate the antidepressant and antinociceptive activity of ethanolic extract of Zingiber officinale in Swiss albino mice. Methods: The present study was design to evaluate the antidepressant property of Zingiber ...
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND EVALUATION OF ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF GALL EXTRACTS OF QUERCUS INFECTORIA
The objective of the present work is to study the antifungal activity of gall extracts of Quercus infectoria (Q. infectoria) (Family: Fagaceae). The plant commonly known as gall oak, is a small shrub found in Greece, Asia Minor and Iran. The gall of Quercus infectoria macroscopically, is globose with horny appearances on external surface (1-1.5 cm in diameter) giving rough touch, greyish-brown to ...
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND IN-VITRO ANTICANCER EVALUATION OF NOVEL BENZO[D]IMIDAZOLE DERIVATIVES
The novel benzimidazole derivatives were synthesized by 2-acetyl benzimidazole consent to react with various substituted aromatic aldehyde (2a–e) to obtain preferred intermediate chalcones (3a–j), these intermediates are undergo the cyclocondensation with guanidine hydrochloride and phenyl hydrazine yielded benzimidazole derivatives (4a–j and 5a–j respectively). The synthesized compounds w...
A STUDY ON HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF ETHANOL EXTRACT OF ZANTHOXYLUM ARMATUM DC (MUKTHRUBI) LEAVES IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL
Zanthoxylum armatum is administered as a hepatoprotective agent during indigestion and hepatic related diseases by traditional healers. So, the aim of this study was to investigate the hepatoprotective activity of ethanol extract of Z. armatum (ZAE) in Paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats in comparison with the activities of the known and potent hepatoprotective standard drug Silymari...
IN VITRO ANTICANCER ACTIVITY OF ETHYL ACETATE EXTRACT AND GREEN NANOPARTICLE SYNTHESIZED FROM CURCULIGO ORCHIOIDES GAERTN – AN ENDANGERED MEDICINAL PLANT
The present study aimed at to study the antioxidant and anticancer activity of ethyl acetate extract and nanoparticles synthesized from Curculigo orchioides. The ethyl acetate extract andnanoparticle synthesized from C. orchioides were used in various antioxidant assays such as DPPH, hydroxyl radicals, hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide radical scavenging activities. The synthesis of silver nanopa...
LANDFILL LEACHATE DEGRADATION USING ZINC OXIDE UNDER DIRECT SUNLIGHT
There has been a significant increase in the generation of MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) in India over the last few decades. The degradation of persistent organic pollutant using advanced oxidation processes with sunlight as energy source have a great advantage at lower costs. Pallikaranai wetland is a freshwater marsh in the city of Chennai, India. Pallikaranai marshland is the only surviving wetla...
EFFECT OF HIGH LIPID DIET IN SHRINKING THE AMPICILLIN-INDUCED NEUROTOXICITY IN RAT PUPS, INTER-RELATED TO AUTISM ETIOLOGY
Improper diet can affects the brain and can increase the risk for mental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases like autism. Dietary modification can sometime be helpful to children with autism. The present study examined the effects of a high lipid diet on orally administered ampicillin -induced neurotoxic rats and compared with propionic acid models of autism. Forty young male western albino r...
EVALUATION OF CRITICAL CONSUMABLES IN CLEANROOM OF ASEPTIC AREA
Sterility is the complete absence of any viable microorganism in a drug product. The Specification of sterility is unchanging and is independent of the kind of manufacturing Process. Sterilisation of the final product in its container closure system or aseptic manufacturing is followed. Under Terminal sterilisation usually it involves filling and sealing product containers under high quality Envir...
SUCCESS AND FAILURE WITH INTRALESIONAL 3% SODIUM TETRADECYL SULFATE SCLEROSING AGENT IN TWO CASES OF INTRAORAL HEMANGIOMA
Vascular malformations are one of the most common lesions of the oral cavity. The lesion may be a congenital malformation observed in neonates or arteriovenous malformation observed in adults. The treatment of these lesions includes surgical excision, cryotherapy, selective embolization and treatment with intralesional sclerosing agents. We present two cases of benign oral vascular lesions treated...
EVALUATION OF ANTI-DIABETIC ACTIVITY OF CORCHORUS TRILOCULARIS LEAVES IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
The leaves of Corchorus trilocularis possesses several bioactivities and is used in traditional medicinal systems. However, its anti-diabetic activity has not been scientifically investigated so far. The present study was carried out to evaluate the anti-diabetic activity of chloroform extract extract of Corchorus trilocularis (family: Tiliaceae) leaves in Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. C...
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF STABILITY INDICATING HPLC METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF LAPATINIB IMPURITIES IN BULK AND FINISHED FORMULATIONS
A simple, sensitive and stability indicating reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography method (RP-HPLC) was developed and validated for the estimation of Lapatinib and its related substances in bulk and finished dosage forms. The newly developed method was assessed using Zorbax Eclipse C18 (3.5 µm, 100 × 4.6 mm) HPLC column with pH- 4.5 ammonium formate buffer and acetonitrile as mobi...
ANTIHYPERTENSIVE EFFECT OF THE ALCOHOLIC EXTRACT OF SEEDS OF PHASEOLUS VULGARIS LINN. (FABACEAE) ON HIGH SALT DIET INDUCED HYPERTENSION IN MALE RATS
Aim: To evaluate the antihypertensive effect of ethanolic extract of seeds of Phaseolus vulgaris Linn. (EEPV) on high salt diet induced hypertension in male rats. Methods: Male wistar rats (180-200g) received high salt diet (8% NaCl) and 1% saline water for 6 weeks, then cannulated for dosing of Enalapril, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (0.5 mg/kg, i.v.) in standard group and EEPV (50 and...
ANKLE EDEMA FORMATION DURING TREATMENT WITH THE AMLODIPINE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF NEPAL
Hypertension is one of the major public health challenges worldwide. Amlodipine, a calcium channel blockers (CCBs), is among the first line antihypertensive drugs used commonly. Amlodipine reduces blood pressure by its vasodilatory action and its adverse drug reactions (ADRs) such as ankle edema, headache and flushing are related with its vasodilatory action. This study is conducted to find the in...
EVALUATION OF ANALGESIC AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF DOREMA AMMONIACUM GUM IN ANIMAL MODEL
Dorema ammoniacum gum (DAG) has been used for different illnesses in Iranian traditional medicine. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of aqueous solution of Dorema ammoniacum gum (DAG) in animal model. The anti-inflammatory and analgesic Effects of DAG were examined using carraginane-induced edema test, formalin test and acetic ac...
ISOLATION AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF SHIGA TOXIN PRODUCING E. COLI O157:H7 IN RAW MILK USING mPCR
Raw milk may contain pathogenic microorganisms, probably harmful to humans inclusive of Escherichia coli O157:H7 inflicting hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Raw milk is believed to be a high risk food as it is highly nutritious and results in growth and multiplication of different microorganisms. E. coli O157:H7 infect humans by different mode of transmission. Present study was p...
NUTRACEUTICALS: A SLOW TRANSITION FROM PREVENTIVE TO CURATIVE HEALTHCARE AND THE PERCEPTIONS AMONG PHYSICIANS AND PATIENTS – A STUDY OF SOUTH DELHI IN INDIA
Introduction: The health and wellness sector is bracing for a radical change with Information and Communication Technology taking the leading role in research and development, diagnostics, and monitoring. The consumer’s focus is shifting from treatment-based remedies to preventive remedies gradually. Aim: To explore the slow transition from curative to preventive healthcare in the prescribing be...
COMPARITIVE EFFECTS OF HORMONAL AND NON HORMONAL CONTRACEPTIVES ON FASTING BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS
The objective of the current study was to differentiate contraceptives for their effects on carbohydrate metabolism. This is a cross sectional design that was conducted in different clinical settings of urban population who belong to low socio economic status by convenience sampling method. Females representing fertile age ranging from 26 to 32 and maintained on different types of hormonal and non...
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY, DNA DAMAGED PROTECTION AND APOPTOSIS INDUCTION POTENTIAL OF VERNONIA AMYGDALINA LEAF EXTRACTS
The challenges of free radicals and tumour promoting agents are on the increase and this informed investigation of the antioxidant property and anticancer potential of Vernonia amygdalina, a most common medicinal vegetable in Nigeria. The leaf of Vernonia amygdalina was extracted in methanol and partitioned into hexane, ethyl acetate and aqueous layers successively. Activity guided fractionation f...
EVALUATION OF PREDICTORS FOR THE OCCURRENCE OF ENOXAPARIN BRUISING SIDE EFFECT
Enoxaparin is useful in the treatment of unstable angina, but its use is associated with many hematological side effects principally bruising appearance. A prospective comparative study was designed to evaluate the effects of certain predictors on the occurrence of bruising side effect of enoxaparin during the administration of two different subcutaneous (SC) doses (prophylactic vs. therapeutic) o...
IN-VITRO DISSOLUTION TESTING FOR THERAPEUTIC EQUIVALENCE OF METRONIDAZOLE IMMEDIATE RELEASE TABLETS AVAILABLE IN KARACHI, PAKISTAN
Metronidazole is a class I drug in biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) and widely used in Pakistan, various available brands in local markets along with innovator brand to serve a large population. In-vitro dissolution testing can be used as waiver for in-vivo bioequivalence studies of generic brand interchangeability for Class I drugs i.e., highly soluble and highly permeable. The object...
THE IMPACT OF PHARMACEUTICAL SERVICES QUALITY ON BUILDING A STRONG RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PHARMACISTS AND THEIR CUSTOMERS
Background: Pharmacy is an important profession in Jordan whereby it plays a vital role in providing the pharmaceutical services required for the health care of patients and it is an effective factor in the economy and development of the nation. Therefore, it is important to focus on the relationship between pharmacists and their customers through providing high quality pharmaceutical services. Ob...
PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN CHILDREN WITH NEPHROTIC SYNDROME
Introduction: Nephrotic syndrome is the most common chronic glomerular diseases in children. The most common infection in children with nephrotic syndrome is urinary tract infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of urinary tract infection in children with nephrotic syndrome and to prepare and submit an appropriate protocol regarding the necessity and method of UTI examinati...
ORAL NANO-EMULSION OF FENUGREEK OIL FOR TREATMENT OF DIABETES
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the principal causes of death in the world. DM causes many diseases with different pathogenesis disturbing glucose, protein and lipid metabolism. The primary characteristic is elevated glucose, blood level, which may be due to deficiency in the secretion of insulin and / act. Fenugreek oil is covered to recover glucose levels, intolerance, and insulin sensitivity a...
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF NIGELLA SATIVA L. SEED OIL IN WATER EMULSION AGAINST DENTAL CARIOGENIC BACTERIA
Our previous study highlighted the antimicrobial activity evaluation of Nigella sativa seed oil extract that was obtained from supercritical fluid extraction using carbon dioxide (SCFE-CO2) on Gram positive pathogenic bacteria. The aim of this study was to formulate oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion of previous N. sativa seed oil extract and to investigate its antimicrobial activity against Streptococcu...
WOUND HEALING ACTIVITY OF TOPICAL LAWSONE GEL ON RAT MODEL
The objective of present work is to study the wound healing effect of topical lawsone gel. Topical lawsone gel was prepared by using natural and synthetic polymers in different ratios. The gel was prepared with Tara gum and HPMC K15M using dispersion method. Optimized gels were characterized for physicochemical evaluations. Optimised formulations (LT3, LT4) were evaluated for spreadability (10.6±...
IN VITRO ANTIOXIDANT STUDIES ON COLONIAL ASCIDIANS EUDISTOMA VIRIDE AND DIDEMNUM PSAMMATHODES
Ascidians are rich source of novel bioactive agents as potential source of therapeutic drugs. Evaluation of antioxidant potential of ascidians, Eudistoma viride and Didemnum psammathodes extracts was undertaken. In DPPH radical scavenging assay E. viride II showed 34% to 93% scavenging activity and D. psammathodes II showed 45% to 96% scavenging activity in different ascidian concentrations. In re...
INVESTIGATING THE FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING AND ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE INHIBITION ACTIVITIES OF ELLETARIA CARDAMOMUM, PIPER NIGRUM AND SYZYGIUM AROMATICUM
Spices have been used since long to enhance the flavor and aroma of our foods. Besides, they also produce several medicinal effects and are used in treating various clinical ailments. The different phytochemicals present greatly influence the biological activities possessed by plants/spices. The present research work investigates the free radical scavenging and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) inhibiti...