Volume 7 (2016) - Issue 3, March
The northeast region of India, considered as ‘hot spot’ of biodiversity, having unique ecological environment with hot and high-humidity conditions, has given rise to the world’s hottest chilli, ‘Bhut jolokia or Bih jolokia’, which is at least two times hotter than Red Savina Habanero in terms of Scoville heat units (SHU). The Assamese word “bhut” refers to the typical large pod size...
Plants have been one of the important sources of medicines since the beginning of human civilization. There is a growing demand for plant based medicines, health products, pharmaceuticals, food supplements, cosmetics etc. A review of chemical constituents present in various parts of Tinospora cordifolia and their pharmacological actions is given in the present article. Tinospora cordifolia, is a c...
Adverse Drug Reactions associated with drugs are common and impose a serious health related problem, which can limit the treatment options, compliance and even leads to discontinuation of therapy. Hypertension is a chronic disease condition which is considered to be one of the major cardiovascular risk factor. For the treatment of hypertension a wide range of anti-hypertensive agents are available...
SCIENCE AND RISK BASED APPROACH TO THE PROCESS VALIDATION – LINK FROM QUALITY BY DESIGN TO PROCESS VALIDATION.
The approach to the process validation of pharmaceutical manufacturing processes has been changed and the minimal approach (traditional) is no longer recommended 1-6. As the regulatory requirements are being changed, considering the patient safety and drug efficacy, an enhanced and science based approach is recommended for the process validation of medicinal product manufacturing processes. The ma...
Tablets are widely used and most preferred dosage form because of its ease of manufacture and administration, lower cost, good aesthetic appearance. Now a days new trends are going to develop in formulation of conventional tablet in to modified tablet dosage forms like floating, sustained release matrix, coated tablets, controlled release, fast release etc. This review provides the detail informat...
UNDERSTANDING THE EVIDENCES AVAILABLE FOR USE OF TRANSDERMAL PATCHES IN THE TREATMENT OF ASTHMA – A REVIEW
Transdermal drug delivery systems (TDDS) offers a route that by-passes the gut and hence they are more convenient. They are also non-invasive and safer than the other alternatives. The transdermal or the adhesive patches are used to deliver a specific quantity of drug in a controlled release manner through skin for over a long period of time. There are many types of patches like the matrix, membra...
SATURATION SOLUBILITY OF SCOPOLAMINE IN THIN FILMS OF POLYACRYLATE PRESSURE SENSITIVE ADHESIVES IS TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT
The method of drug uptake from solid solution has been used to measure the saturation solubility of scopolamine base in various pressure sensitive adhesive DURO-TAKs at elevated temperature. The saturation solubility was strongly temperature dependent, being 50 – 100 % larger at 45°C than at 25°C. The higher temperature also caused much more rapid approach to equilibrium distribution of the dr...
The aim of this study was to enhance the dissolution rate of water-insoluble, weakly basic antiemetic drug; Domperidone (DMP), through the formulation of adsorbates and co-adsorbates. Adsorption of drug onto the surface of three different adsorbents; Avicel PH 101, Florite R and Aerosil 200 was studied and Langmuir adsorption isotherms were constructed. Adsorbates of drug with the used adsorbent...
SYNTHESIS OF QUINOLINE DERIVATIVES BY REACTION OF DIMETHYL(2R,3S,4R)-2-PHENYL-4-(PHENYLAMINO)-1,3,4-TRIHYDROQUINOLINE-2,3-DICARBOXYLATE WITH SOME AMINES
In this work, quinoline derivatives were synthesized from reaction of aniline, benzylaldehyde and dimethylacetylene dicarboxylate (DMAD) in sequent steps to provide quinoline derivative dimethyl (2R, 3S, 4R)-2-phenyl-4-(phenylamino)-1, 3, 4-trihydroquinoline-2,3-dicarboxylate (12). Compound (12), was reacted with some amines such as hydrazine hydrate, urea, thiourea, ethylenediamine, diaminoprop...
The aim of the present study was to develop and characterize an oral sustain release drug delivery system for commonly prescribed antipsychotic Quetiapine fumarate. Hydrophilic matrix based tablets using different concentrations of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) viz. K4M CR was developed using dry granulation technique. The prepared tablets were of 400 mg dose and were designed for once- dai...
ANALYSIS OF TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR G238A AND G308A GENE POLYMORPHISMS IN TUNISIAN PATIENTS WITH PRESSURE ULCER
Pressure ulcer (PU) is a complex and multifactor disease in which the cellular and molecular mechanisms contributing to risk of a delay in healing. An imbalance between pro-oxidant and antioxidant systems has been suggested to be implicated in the physiopathology of PU. Polymorphisms in TNF-α gene are emerging as key determinants of many diseases. The TNF-α (-238 and -308) G/A single-nucleotide ...
FORMULATION AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SODIUM CARBOXY METHYL CELLULOSE AND β CYCLODEXTRIN MEDIATED TERNARY INCLUSION COMPLEXES OF SILYMARIN
The objective of the present investigation was to study the complexation of silymarin, a poorly water soluble herbal drug, with β-cyclodextrin alone and in the presence of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose to evaluate the feasibility of enhancing the solubility and dissolution rate of silymarine. Phase solubility study and kneading method was employed to develop and formulate solid inclusion complex...
TOXICOLOGICAL CHRACTERIZATION OF BRHANMANJISTHADI KVATHA CURNA (BRH) ON THE BASIS OF TOTAL PROTEIN AND ALBUMIN CONTENT, LIPID PROFILE, LIVER FUNCTION, KIDNEY FUNCTION, SERUM URIC ACID AND ENZYMATIC PROPERTY IN RATS’ PLASMA AFTER CHRONIC ADMINISTRATION
Brhanmanjisthadi Kvatha Curna (BRH) an Ayurvedic preparation, is used as a traditional medicine in filariasis in the northern part of the country. After 45 consecutive days of chronic administration of the BRH preparation in rats its toxicological aspects was studied. In the study the total protein content in the plasma was increased (2.80 %) in BRH treated male rats in comparison to their control...
ANTIBIOGRAM OF PATHOGENIC BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM PRE- AND POST-SURGERY VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA (VVF) PATIENTS IN ABAKALIKI, EBONYI STATE
Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is an abnormal fistulous tract that extends between the bladder and the vagina - thus allowing the continuous involuntary discharge of urine into the vaginal vault of the affected patient. This study evaluated presumptively the prevalence and antibiogram of pathogenic bacteria isolated from pre- and post-surgery VVF patients. Urine samples were collected in duplicates f...
A PILOT STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFICACY AND SIDE EFFECTS OF SILYMARIN ALONE AND IN COMBINATION WITH ALENDRONATE IN TREATMENT OF POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS
Background: Currently oral bisphosphonates such as alendronate are the preferred therapeutic option for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis by increasing bone mineral density and decreasing both vertebral and non-vertebral fracture risk. Silymarin is mainly used as hepato-protectant but in recent studies on ovariectomized rats, it was found that silymarin can be a promising antiosteoporot...
IN VITRO ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES AND CYTOTOXICITY STUDY OF THE METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF BARKS OF SYZYGIUM CYMOSUM
The aim of the study to determine antioxidant and cytotoxic properties of the bark extracts of Syzygium cymosum along with phytochemical study for the presence of phytochemical constituents. Total phenolic and flavonoid content of the S.Cymosum extracts was determined by using the Folin- Ciocalteu reagent and aluminum chloride (AlCl3) method, respectively. The crude methanolic extract of S.Cym...
The interaction of losartan potassium (LP) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied by fluorescence quenching in combination with UV–Vis spectroscopic method under near physiological conditions. The fluorescence quenching rate constants and binding constants for BSA–LP system were determined at different temperatures. The fluorescence quenching of BSA by LP is due to static quenching and en...
Over the last decade the incidence of candidiasis has dramatically increased. To fight candidal infections vaccines with immune modulating properties have been actively investigating in recent years. In our previous studies it was found that the immunobiological drug under the conditional name “Candidocyde” based on the antigens of C. albicans and C. tropicalis fungi possessed the protective a...
Cancer is a global problem. However, in low-income and developing countries, the expenditures associated with its treatment are increasing disproportionately with resources available. Hence, reducing the drug wastage and financial burden placed on patients, family and society in general is becoming imperative. Our aim was to calculate therapeutic and economic benefits derived by the use of a centr...
It is well known that main sources of Vitamin D are sun exposure and diet. There is a gap in our knowledge about the contribution of these factors to Vitamin D level among autistic children in Egypt. Aim: To determine Vitamin D dietary intake and sun exposure and their impact on vitamin D level. Methods and procedures: Serum Vitamin D levels were measured in 42 autistic and 40 healthy matched chil...
Scope: In recent years, governments and industries worldwide have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research and development, and proponents predict that it will offer numerous benefits to society. Objectives: To evaluate the toxicity of Cerium in nanomaterials and in bulk form in rats by repeated daily oral treatment for 28 days by monitoring the effects on animal and also to assess ...
Cancer is primarily an environmental disease with 90–95% of cases attributed to environmental conditions and 5–10% due to genetics.RAS proteins act as binary molecular switches and play an important role in intracellular signal transduction which regulates processes such as actin cytoskeletal integrity, proliferation, differentiation, cell adhesion, apoptosis, and cell migration. The present b...
FORMULATION AND EVALUATION OF GASTRO RETENTIVE MATRIX TABLETS OF ATENOLOL USING MELT GRANULATION TECHNIQUE
The main objective of this present work was to develop and evaluate matrix tablets of Atenolol by melt granulation technique and compare the drug release between bess wax and glyceryl monostearate (GMS). Polymers like HPMC K 4 M, HPMC K 100 M, bees wax, glyceryl monostearate and ethyl cellulose were incorporated in the formulation. Formulations were prepared by keeping the HPMC and ethyl cellulose...
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF DIFFERENT EXTRACTS OF TRICHOSANTHES CUCUMERINA L AN ENDANGERED ETHNOMEDICINAL HERB
The present work has been under taken to study the antibacterial activity of stem, leaf, flower and seed extracts of Trichosanthes cucumerina L against disease causing bacteria. Antibacterial activity of different solvent extracts (Aqueous, Methanol, Chloroform, Petroleum ether, Acetone) of stem, leaf, flower and seed of T. cucumerina has been studied to find out their activity against nine path...
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, EQUILIBRIUM AND BIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF NOVEL 33-(1-(BENZO[D]THIAZOL-2-YLIMINO)ETHYL)-6-METHYL-2H-PYRAN-2,4(3H)-DIONE AND ITS Cu (II), Ni (II) AND Hg (II)METAL COMPLEXES: AN EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL APPROACH
The compound 3-(1-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-ylimino) ethyl)-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2, 4(3H)-dione (3BTIEMPD) and its metal complexes were prepared and characterized by spectro-analytical techniques. Irving-Rossetti pH-metric technique was employed to determine the number of dissociable protons and chelation sites of the title compound. Hyper Chem 7.5 software was used to understand donor and acceptor properti...
FABRICATION AND IN-VITRO EVALUATION OF CEFIXIME NANOPARTICLES USING GUM KONDAGOGU AND CHITOSAN AS MATRIX FORMERS
Cefixime is more effective in treating multi drug resistant typhoid fever but the major limitation was its poor bioavailability with short half- life. The present investigation was attempted to develop a natural polymer based nanoparticles containing cefixime using gum kondagogu and chitosan as polymers for customising the drug release profile to achieve an effective therapeutic concentration by i...
Emergence of Mycobacteria that are resistant to common antibiotics necessitate development of novel antibacterial drugs. The complexity of mycobacterial cell envelope plays an important role in its defense against antimicrobial activity of human immune system. The cell wall of Mycobacteria constitutes a set of carbohydrate-containing molecules. Glycosyltransferases, the glycan processing enzymes p...
FORMULATION DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF pH TRIGGERED IN SITU OPHTHALMIC GEL OF EPINASTINE HYDROCHLORIDE
The poor bioavailability of ophthalmic solutions caused by dilution and drainage from the eye can be overcome by using in situ forming ophthalmic drug delivery system prepared from polymer that exhibit reversible liquid–gel phase transition. The objective of the study was to develop optimized formulation of in situ ophthalmic gel of Epinastine hydrochloride, an antihistaminic drug, using a p...
3D-QSAR models of Comparative of Molecular Field Analysis (CoMFA) and Comparative of Molecular Similarity Indices Analysis (CoMSIA) of 44 potent p56lck inhibitors were performed. The conventional ligand-based 3D-QSAR studies were performed for a series of Benzothiazole derivatives as p56lck inhibitors. The model gave q2 values of 0.710 and 0.642, r2 values of 0.966 and 0.956 for CoMFA and CoMSIA, ...
CHONEMORPHA FRAGRANS (MOON) ALSTON – AN EFFECTIVE ANTIHYPERGLYCEMIC AND ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMIC AGENT IN STREPTOZOTOCIN NICOTINAMIDE INDUCED DIABETIC RATS.
Ethanolic extract of the roots of Chonemorpha fragrans, a traditionally used antidibetic plant was evaluated for its antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effect using streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic rat model. Oral glucose tolerance test with 2g/kg of glucose and normoglycemic studies were performed which showed a dose dependant decrease in sugar levels. The acute oral toxicity st...
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF STEM OF NICOTIANA TABACUM
The parts of the Nicotiana tabacum plant have been known to possess a wide range of biological activities. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the antibacterial activity, phytochemical screening and the antioxidant activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of the stem of Nicotiana tabacum. The antibacterial activity was observed against two gram positive bacteria (Bacillus amyloiq...
PROTECTION OF LOW LET RADIATION-INDUCED DNA DAMAGE IN RAT BONE MARROW CELLS BY FREE RADICAL SCAVENGER CURCUMIN
Antioxidant potentials and radioprotective properties of curcumin were studied. Free radical scavenging activity of curcumin was measured spectrophotometrically using ferric ion reducing power assay, DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl) free radical test, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity assay, nitric oxide scavenging assay and superoxide scavenging capacity. The antioxidant properties depend...
ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF FRESHWATER CYANOBACTERIUM, NOSTOC SP. FROM TAMDIL WETLAND OF MIZORAM, INDIA: AN IDENTIFICATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS BY GC-MS
A freshwater microalga, Nostoc sp. isolated from Tamdil Wetland of Mizoram was tested for its algicidal, antibacterial and antifungal activity. Extracts were prepared with methanol, ethanol:water and dichloromethane:isopropanol and tested for their antimicrobial activity against nine microorganisms comprising of three chlorophycean algae (Chlorella vulgaris, Scenedesmus quadricauda and Selenastrum...
Human eye is a challenging subject for topical administration of the drugs because of its peculiar anatomical arrangements of surface tissue and impermeability of the cornea. Topical instillation of drugs through eye drops is the most important and well-accepted route of administration for the treatment of various eye disorders. Conventional ophthalmic drug delivery systems often result in poor bi...
Women on different contraceptive methods have been linked with the development of various changes in lipids profile. Therefore, the relationship between contraceptive use and lipids changes needs to be investigated. Method: This was a cross-sectional randomized study conducted on non-lactating, non-pregnant women who were on different methods of contraceptives for at least a period of 6 months and...
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF MICAFUNGIN AND ITS RELATED SUBSTANCES IN BULK BY RP-UPLC
A gradient reverse phase Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatographic (RP-UPLC) method was developed and validated for determination of Micafungin sodium and its synthetic impurities. The successful separation of Micafungin sodium and its synthetic impurities was achieved using Phenomenax Aeris peptide XB C18 (150×2.1 mm i.d., 1.7 µ particle size) column maintained at 45 °C temperature with mobile ...
To provide a scientific basis to traditional uses of seeds of Anethum graveolens, seed extract was evaluated for its antioxidative potential. Firstly, indeed, aqueous extract of Anethum graveolens was prepared and analyzed for the phytochemical compounds contents. Furthermore, antioxidant activity was assessed using the Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) methods: 2.2’Azinobis (3-ethylbenzthiazolin...
The plant Hugonia mystax L., is a woody evergreen liana belonging to the family Linaceae, locally knows as Modirakanni. Ethnobotanically the tender fruits were used for rheumatism and biological activities like antimicrobial were reported. Present study find outs the scientifically evidence of fruits of Hugonia mystax for its antioxidant property. The different extract of fruits was obtained by su...
ENHANCEMENT OF BIOAVAILABILITY OF NORFLOXACIN MUCOADHESIVE SUSPENSION BY USING DIFFERENT GRADES OF CARBOPOL
Norfloxacin is slightly soluble in water and is a synthetic antimicrobial fluoroquinolone. Absorption of Norfloxacin is slightly impaired when it is administered with food as evidenced by a reduction of approximately 30% in the peak serum concentration. In the present study concept of mucoadhesive suspension is introduced to overcome the limitation of drug that has poor oral bioavailability an...
ANTIFERTILITY ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS AND ETHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF SEMECARPUS ANACARDIUM FRUIT IN FEMALE ALBINO RATS
Semecarpus anacardium plant derivatives has been used since antiquity, The fruit and nut extract of Semecarpus anacardium shows various activities like antiatherogenic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antireproductive, CNS stimulant, hypoglycemic, anticarcinogenic, antifertlity effects. The present study is an attempt to explore the antiovulatory effect of aqueous and ethanolic ex...
Herbal medicines have been widely utilized as effective remedies for the prevention and treatment of multiple health conditions for centuries by almost every known culture. Leptadenia reticulata belonging to the family Asclepiadaceae is an important medicinal plant which is used for various ailments. In the present study, an attempt was made to study the wound healing activity of aqueous extract o...
EVALUATION OF THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL OF CITRUS KARNA FRUIT PEEL
The present study was concerned with analysis of the chemical constituents of essential oil of Citrus karna fruit peels by GC-MS technique and also its antibacterial activity against some pathogenic bacteria. The essential oil was extracted from fruit peels by steam distillation using Clevenger’s type apparatus. GC-MS analysis of essential oil showed presence of D-limonene and β-pinene as the m...
PREVALENCE OF HYPOTHYROIDISM AND ITS CO-MORBIDITIES IN RELATION TO THE CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING LEVOTHYROXINE THERAPY
Hypothyroidism is a metabolic disorder, which results in slower rate of metabolism leading to life threatening medical conditions like diabetes and other complications. This study aims to analyze the prevalence of hypothyroidism and its co-morbidities in relation to the causes and risk factors in patients undergoing levothyroxine therapy and to know the adherence level of prescribers to the Thyroi...
The package inserts (PI) are a valuable source of information on drugs for physicians and patients. However, the degree of awareness of PI & their perceptions at both physician and patient front has not been studied in India in current times. The study was undertaken to assess the degree of awareness regarding information in drug package inserts at a tertiary care centre in western India. A qu...
TRADITIONAL PHYTOTHERAPY FOR VARIOUS DISEASES BY THE LOCAL RURAL PEOPLE OF BHARAI VILLAGE IN THE KULLU DISTRICT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH (INDIA)
An ethno-medicinal survey was undertaken in Bharai village of Kullu district in Himachal Pradesh to collect the information on the use of medicinal plants for the various diseases rampant in the area through questionnaire and personal interviews of the traditional health healers/rural people The investigation reveals that 20 plants belonging to the 16 different families are utilized by local healt...
Cancer is the abandoned growth of cells that invade and cause damage to surrounding tissue. Oral cancer appears as a growth or uncomfortable in the mouth that does not go away. Oral cancer, which includes cancers of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat). Tabocco and alcohol are recognized as the foremost risk factor for this oral cancer. ...
A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY ON ASSESSING THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOUR OF COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS TO ADVERSE DRUG REACTIONS RELATED ASPECTS
The adverse drug reaction (ADR) programme in India, targeted all healthcare professionals to report the ADRs, however the response is very limited. The ADR reporting is much concentrated to hospital settings and the community pharmacies are unaware of this change. This study was conducted to assess the attitude, knowledge and behaviour of community pharmacists to ADR related aspects. A prospective...
Roghan-e-Narjeel (coconut oil) is extracted from dried Maghz-e-Narjeel (coconut kernels) which is derived from coconut (Cocosnucifera L.) tree. It is used extensively in tropical countries especially India, Srilanka and Philippines. The oil contains 92% of saturates consisting of medium chain fatty acids in the form of triglycerides containing lauric acid in large amount, and about 8% of unsaturat...
A COMPARATIVE CLINICAL STUDY OF INTRATHECAL ROPIVACAINE AND ROPIVACAINE-CLONIDINE COMBINATION FOR LOWER LIMB ORTHOPAEDIC SURGERIES
Ropivacaine is a promising drug for subarachnoid block because of its lower cardiotoxic and neurotoxic potential, but onset and duration of anaesthesia is also low and motor block is often insufficient which may lead to use of its higher doses. The aim of this randomized double-blinded study was to see whether the addition of small dose clonidine to small dose ropivacaine for spinal anesthesia pro...
A simple high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed and validated for the determination of Temozolomide in rat plasma using paracetamol as internal standard. The chromatographic separation was carried out with an isocratic elution using mobile phase consisting of 0.5% glacial acetic acid and methanol. Plasma samples were run at a flow-rate of 1 ml/min using a kromasil C18(4.6...
SYNTHESIS, ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTI- MYCOBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF SOME NOVEL3-(6-PHENYL-[1,2,4]TRIAZOLO[3,4-B][1,3,4]THIADIAZOL-3-YL)-2H-CHROMEN-2-ONE
Several 3, 6-substituted - [1,2,4] Triazolo [3,4-b][1,3,4] Thiadiazole}-2H-Chromen-2-ones(5a-5j) have been synthesized from ethyl-2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carboxylate (1) through a multistep reaction sequence. Compound 1 reacted with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of ethanol to give 2-oxo-2H-chromene-3-carbohydrazide (2) which on treatment with carbon disulphide and methanolic potassium hydroxide ...
ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF HEAVY METAL RESISTANT BACTERIA FROM SOIL OF AN IRON INDUSTRY, HARYANA (INDIA).
Metallic contaminants in the soil are hazardous and their accumulation in plants and water may be dangerous. Microorganisms have properties to adsorb, absorb and accumulate heavy metals. Moreover, they play the role of problem solver by resolving key problems associated with different kinds of metals. The study was undertaken to isolate and identify heavy metal resistant bacteria in soil around ir...
EFFECT OF ALOE VERA EXTRACT ON THE HEPATOTOXICITY INDUCED BY ISONIAZID AND RIFAMPICIN DRUG IN MALE WISTAR RATS
Male Wistar rats were procured from ‘The Bombay Veterinary College’, Parel, Mumbai. The animals were maintained and housed in cages and were acclimatized in laboratory conditions for ten days prior to the experiment. The experimental rats were fed orally with isoniazid 300 mg/ 70 kg body weight / day; rifampicin 450 mg / 70 kg body weight / day and Aloe vera extract 50 mg/ kg body weight / day...
HIGH THROUGHPUT LC-MS/MSMETHOD FOR THE QUANTITATION OF LINAGLIPTIN IN HUMAN PLASMA BY SOLID PHASE EXTRACTION USING 96 WELL PLATE FORMAT
High-throughput Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry method has been developed and validated for the quantiﬁcation of Linagliptin in human plasma using Linagliptin D4 as an internal standard (ISTD). Following solid phase extraction (SPE) in 96 well plate format, the analyte and ISTD were run on phenyl hexyl, 100A 100 X 4.6mm, 2.6µusing an isocratic mobile phase consisting of 10mM Ammoniu...
Terminalia paniculata Roth. (TP) is a tropical tree. Traditionally, flower juice and bark of Terminalia paniculata have been used as a remedy for cholera, for the treatment of diabetes, inflamed parotid glands and in menstrual disorders. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the antidiabetic potential of Terminalia paniculata bark extract in various in-vitro models and its safety evalu...
IDENTIFICATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF AN UNKNOWN PEAK IN RESIDUAL SOLVENT ANALYSIS BY GC USING RELATIVE RESPONSE FACTOR
Organic solvents are integral part of chemical synthesis in pharmaceutical industry. These are commonly used as reaction media, in separation, purification of synthetic products and also for cleaning of equipment. Some of the solvents degrade to other solvents or unknown impurity either during synthesis or in analytical conditions. In this study, we have investigated formation of a trace level imp...
MOLECULAR DOCKING STUDIES OF SOME NOVEL HYBRID TETRAOXAQUINES & DISPIROTETRAOXANES AS ANTIMALARIAL AGENTS
In the present study, total fifteen compounds of 1,2,4,5-tetraoxane derivatives were docked. Two series of 1,2,4,5-tetraoxane derivatives were taken for molecular docking studies, one tetraoxaquines, a hybrid of two pharmacophores such as 4-aminoquinoline & 1,2,4,5-tetraoxane, and other dispirotetraoxanes. The docking studies were performed into the binding pocket of a falcipain-3 protein (pdb...